Fact Test 7: The New Economic Policy Flashcards
What does NEP stand for?
New Economic Policy
What happened to peasants who increased food production?
Paid less tax and could sell surplus for profit
What happened to factories with fewer than 20 workers?
Given back to their old managers and workers could be paid bonuses and piece rates rather than simply a flat wage
What was the political reason for introducing the NEP?
To reduce opposition to the Bolsheviks
What was the economic reason for introducing the NEP?
Allow a degree of private ownership to stimulate industrial production and economic growth
What was the social reason for introducing the NEP?
How did grain production change 1913 1922 and 1925?
80, 50, 72 million tonnes
How did coal production change 1913, 1922 and 1925?
29.9, 18 million tonnes
The export of what helped to kick start Russia’s grain production?
Grain and coal
The New Economic Policy was based around a tax called what?
Prodnalog, which was a tax on food.
By 1928, 5.5 million households still used the backward sokha – what was this?
A wooden plough.
What was the name of the groups of people who made money through trade?
Who described the NEP as “The new exploitation of the Proletariat.”?
Which mode of transport improved during the NEP?