Topic 6: The NEP Flashcards
What economic reasons were there for the introduction of the NEP?
Famine in the Volga region alone had affected 20 million
An element of private ownership would provide incentive for small businesses
What political reasons were there for the introduction of the NEP?
By 1920, 75% of Petrograd factories were on strike
Tambov and Kronstadt Uprisings
The Bolsheviks could no longer blame the Whites for suffering
What social reasons were there for the introduction of the NEP?
Increase food supply by giving the peasants incentive
Restoring food supplies to the cities was vital
What did Lenin call the Kronstadt Mutiny?
The flash which lit up reality, better than anything else
When did Lenin announce the NEP?
The 10th Party Congress
The free _____ was introduced under the NEP
What was withdrawn from the countryside?
What happened to factories with less than 20 workers?
Given back to old managers
What incentives did workers have?
Paid bonuses and piece rates rather than a flat wage
Between 1920 and 1925, how many foreign experts were brought in?
20,000 from the USA and Canada
Traders were allowed to buy and sell goods again. What were these people called?
How successful was the NEP?
- Production increased
- Russia became more stable
- Living standards improved
- Repression and terror increased
- Lenin faced opposition from his own party
Who were inclined to grow more under the NEP?
How much of the grain did the government buy under the NEP?
What did Lenin see the NEP as?
A temporary compromise
Workers could now be dismissed. What began to grow?
Unemployment and crime
Exporting what goods helped to kick-start the Soviet Union’s economy?
Grain and coal