Facts Flashcards Preview

Ireland 1867-1924 > Facts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Facts Deck (91)
Loading flashcards...
0

Economic problems facing Ireland in 1867?

Land tenure meant people got small plots of land and those who couldn't afford it, became homeless.

Potato famine 1845-49: Britain doesn't help enough, landlords not sympathetic
-1 million die, 1.5 million migrate to USA

1

Political problems facing ireland in 1867?

Protestant ascendency: land remained in hands of protestants who only represented 15% pop. of Ireland

Ulster protestants dominate state positions and represented Irish interests in Westminster

Act of Union dissolved government of Ireland

Despite catholic emancipation (1829), most catholics didn't own land so they couldn't vote

2

Religious problems in ireland in 1867?

Church of ireland protestant and ruled by Britain
-85% country catholic, protestants concentrated in Ulster
-collected tithes from tenants
-church owns buildings and land

3

________ and ________ set up by ___________ in 1858

Fenian brotherhood and Irish Republican Brotherhood set up by James Stephens in 1858

4

February 1867 = ???

Fenian Uprisings in Chester and Kerry

5

March 1867 = ???

Fenian uprisings across ireland

6

November 1867 = ???

Manchester martyrs executed for their beliefs
-tried to rescue 2 Fenians and killed two policemen in process

7

December 1867 = ???

Clerkenwell explosion
-Fenians blew up Clerkenwell prison trying to revue fenian prisoners

8

When does Gladstone come into power for the first time?

1868

9

Famous quote from Gladstone when he came into power for the first time?

My mission is to pacify Ireland

10

Disestablishment of the church act?

1869

Tithe payments ended
Connection between state and church ended
£10 million in compensation to clergymen, schoolteachers, officials of old church

11

First land act?

1870

Tenants could claim compensation for improvements they made on property
State would pay 2/3 the price of a plot of land if the tenant could raise 1/3
Rents had to be reasonable

12

University bill = ???

1873

Improve higher education opportunities
Proposed a federally funded, secular university for all religions
Not a priority for the irish
Rejected by catholic bishops

13

Secret ballot act = ???

1872

14

_____ formed in 1870 by ________

Home league association formed in 1870 by Isaac Butt

15

_________ loses power in 1874 and is replaced by __________

Gladstone loses power in 1874 and is replaced by Disraeli (conservative)

16

1874 which new party emerges?

Home rule league party

17

1874 how did Home rule affect positions of power?

60 MPs declared themselves in favour of Home rule
-caused liberals to lose seats in Ireland (65 to 12)

18

Land league formed in ____ by _________

Formed in 1879 by Michael Davitt

19

_________ made president of Land league in 1879

Charles stuart Parnell

20

1879 ________ replaces Butt as head of _______

William shaw replaces Butt as head of Home rule league party

21

1880 Home rule league party becomes ________

1880 Home rule league party become Irish parliamentary party

22

Aims of the Land league?

Political reform

The 3Fs -fair rent, free sale, fixity of tenure

23

Tactics of the land league?

Boycotts, leaflets and propaganda, "no rent" campaigns, helping evicted tenants

Violent rhetoric in speeches/propaganda appeared to be encouraging violence,
1880-2590 violent incidents reported including assault, attack on animals and property, threatening letters

24

Second land act = ???

1881

Granted 3Fs
Rents fixed for 15years
Government offered to pay 3/4 price of a plot of a land instead of 2/3

25

Coercion act = ???

1881

Gave Lord lieutenant of Ireland power to detain people without trial

26

Parnell's dilemma with the second land act?

Supporting it lost support of militants in IPP
Rejecting it lost support of moderates in IPP

-didn't outrightly reject act but criticised parts of it and refused to co-operate with land courts

27

Why was Parnell imprisoned in Kilmainham jail?

For openly criticising Gladstone

-advantage for CSP as he was viewed as a martyr, encouraged further violence from the people and forced Gladstone to reconsider

28

Kilmainham Treaty = ???

1882

Terms:
Release Parnell
Relax coercion act
Amend land act to help those in arrears with rent
Parnell would use influence to stop land league violence and support the land act

29

How was the land issue over by 1881?

Second land act had granted what the land league wanted (3Fs)
-tenants happy, refused to support a "no rent" campaign by land league