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Flashcards in Fallacies Deck (19)
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1

What are the main groups of informal fallacies?

- Fallacies of Relevance
- Fallacies of weak Induction
- Fallacies of Presumption

2

What are the fallacies of relevance?

- Appeal to Force
- Appeal to Pity
- Appeal to the People
- Argument against the Person
- Accident
- Straw Man
- Missing the Point
- Red Herring

3

What are the Fallacies of weak Induction?

- Appeal to unqualified authority
- Appeal to Ignorance
- Hasty Generalization
- False Cause
- Slippery Slope
- Weak Analogy

4

What are the Fallacies of Presumption?

- Begging the Question
- Complex Question
- False Dichotomy
- Suppressed Evidence
- Equivocation
- Amphiboly
- Composition
- Division

5

Explain appeal to force

threat of some form of violence if conclusion is not accepted

6

What are the two subtypes of appeal to the people?

- Appeal to Vanity
- Appeal to Snobbery

7

Explain appeal to vanity

"You will be admired if you accept the conclusion"

8

Explain appeal to snobbery

"Those who accept the conclusion are better people"

9

Explain the accident

When a general rule is wrongly applied to a certain case

10

Explain Straw Man

When the arguer changes the opponent's argument in some way to make it more easily attackable

11

Explain missing the point

When the premise supports one conclusion, but a different one is drawn (-> missing the point of the premise)

12

When is something a fallacy of weak induction?

When the connection between premises and conclusions is not strong enough

13

Explain appeal to ignorance

Making a judgement about something that cannot be proven or disproven (God exists)

14

The hasty generalization is the converse of which other fallacy?

Accident

15

Explain begging the question

When inadequate premises are used to support the conclusion

16

Explain Equivocation

When the conclusion depends on how a word is interpreted

17

Explain Amphiboly

When the arguer misinterprets an ambiguous statement and draws his conclusion based on this

18

Explain composition

When an attribute that is true about parts of something is inferred to be true for the whole

19

Explain division

When one assumes that everything that is true about a category as a whole is also true for every member