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Flashcards in Fallacies Deck (18)
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1

Circular

Proving a conclusion with a premise, and proving that premise with the same conclusion. (Repeating the premise in different words)

2

Ambiguous

Changes the meaning of a term or phrase within the argument

3

Appeal to Emotion

Used to stir up feelings instead of utilizing logic

4

Beside the Point

Argues an irrelevant conclusion to the issue at hand

5

Straw Man

Misrepresenting the opposition's view and attacking that

6

Appeal to the Crowd

Using the group opinion to support a conclusion

7

Opposition

Denying a view due to it simply coming from an opposing side

8

Genetic

Dismissing a belief based on origin

9

Appeal to Ignorance

Supporting an argument by stating a lack of information as a premise

10

Post hoc ergo propter hoc

"after this therefore because of this"

11

Part-Whole

Claiming the truth of the whole of something makes its parts all true, and vice versa

12

Appeal to Authority

Appealing to expert opinion to confirm the truth of something

13

Ad hominem

a "personal attack" that disqualifies an argument due to a characteristic of the person

14

Pro-Con

Stacking the deck, showing either all the cons or all the pros

15

Black and White

oversimplifies by assuming that one or another of two extreme cases must be true

16

False Stereotype

assumes that members of a certain group are more alike than they actually are

17

Appeal to Force

substitutes violence for reasoning

18

Complex Question

"trick question" combines a statement with a question