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Flashcards in Fam med - common presentations Deck (17):

What is the presentation of compartment syndrome?

1) pain
2.Pallor (B)
3.Pulselessness (C)
4.Paresthesia (D)
5.Poikilothermia (E)
6.Paralysis (F)


What is the presentation of a torn rotator cuff?

Limited ROM with significant pain, significant weakness with strength testing,


What is the most common presentation of Rotator cuff tendinopathy

Positive Apley's Scratch test, Weakness and pain with empty can testing, Limited active ROM


What is the cause and presentation of epiglottitis?

H Flu, hot potato voice - life threatening!


What is the presentation of scarlet fever

diffuse, punctate blanding in body folds


Describe hydrocele (what is it, what are symptoms, how can it be detected)

cystic painless scrotal fluid collection and is the most common cause of painless scrotal swelling
-positive transillumination


Describe varicocele

collection of dilated and tortuous veins in the pampiniform plexus surrounding the spermatic cord in the scrotum - more commonly occur on the left side
mass like, nontender


What is the presentation of adenomyosis?

US shows boggy uterus


What is the presentation of cervical stenosis

adolescent with dysmenorrhea that is not responsive to NSAIDs


What is the presentation of vestibular neuritis?

associated with URI, common cause of vertigo


What is the presentation of a subtalar injury?

high energy, dislocation of talocalcaneal joints


What is the presentation of a talar dome fracture?

usually associated with sprain - can progress to avascular necrosis


What are the most common eye manifestations of grave's disease?

The most common manifestations of Graves' ophthalmopathy are eyelid retraction and exophthalmos.; symptoms result from corneal irritation due to eyelid retraction; symptoms usuually bilateral but can be unilateral


What are the symtpoms associated with hypothryoidism?

weight gain, cold intolerance, pedal edema, heavy periods, fatigue


What are the classical signs of pregnancy?

Amenorrhea with fatigue, nausea, and/or vomiting as well as breast changes, including tenderness, are the classic presentations of pregnancy, Urinary frequency , Softening of the cervix, , bluish-purple hue in the cervix and vaginal walls, Enlargement of the uterus, fetal heart tones, fetal movement


What is frozen shoulder?

global and painful decrease in active and passive range of motion - often occurs without prior injury, 15% bilateral,


What are the core sx of ADHD?

inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity