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Flashcards in FBC Quiz #1 Deck (14)
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What are the 6 signs that someone needs help?

1. The Context of the behavior(s) is wrong or unhelpful
2. The Persistence of the Behavior(s)
3. The perceived Social Deviance of the behavior(s) in that culture.
4. Whether the behavior(s) were causing Subjective Distress for the individual
5. Whether the behavior(s) were placing any Psychological Handicaps upon the individual
6. Whether the behavior(s) were having a debilitative, undesirable effect on the overall functioning (Global Functioning) of the individual.


Mini-mental Status Exam (5 assessment qualities)

1. their APPEARANCE and how they are behaving (physical appearance, emotional expression, body language)
2. their COGNITION/THINKING verbal behavior (Is it logical?)
3. their AFFECT/EMOTION (Does it fit what they're saying? Angry yet laughing?)
4. INTELLIGENCE - their ability to FUNCTION (might not be able to handle addressing the issue due to intellectual capability)
5. ORIENTATION x 3 - their AWARENESS of...
1.) people
2.) time
3.) place
4.) purpose


How many people will seek help in their lifetime for some sort of mental, physiological, problem?

About 1 in 5 or 20%


Behavioral Modification

All behavior is learned, therefore it can be unlearned.

Bad behavior is punished, while good behavior is rewarded.


In therapy, everyone must...

do their own work.


Define psychology...

It is the study of behavior.


What are the 3 facts listed in Handout #1?

Fact #1: Over 90% of people we will meet on a daily basis are clinically sane, 1 in 5 (20%) will seek out professional mental healthy help, Depression being the most common.

Fact #2: 3 topics are psychologists, psychiatrists, and the field of Psychology interested in are behavior, emotions/affect, and thinking/cognition.

Fact #3: No one can counsel any and everyone.


What are the 2 assertions listed in Handout #1?

Assertion #1: A solution-focused approach to counseling will help you in almost all counseling situations.

Assertion #2: Counseling is a confidential, God-honoring, responsibility and "God is already at work in your life, in the life of the counselee and can/must be in our interactions together." He, alone, is to be thanked!!


In order to effectively counsel another, one must...

Also called the 5 helping behaviors

1. Notice/understand the situation the individual is in
2. Determine- is the situation one where there is a need for help for that individual
3. Answer- Am I willing, have time to, have personal commitment to help.
4. Answer- am I going to act, to work together with this individual, to achieve this helping plan
5. Give help.


Is behavior learned or unlearned?

Behavior is largely learned and can be unlearned or extinguished; there need be NO underlying, deep-seated or unconscious cause to problem behaviors.


Behaviors are guided by or in response to...

external stimuli and are modified by rewards and punishments.


What are the FOUR approaches used in counseling?

Behavioral (Behavioral Modification)- this is a directive approach and one that assumes causes are stimuli in the clinet's life

Cognitive-Behavioral- combines Behavioral with the intentional and focused, directly targeted method of using thoughts and thinking to aid in understanding and, when desired, changing behavior

Cognitive-talk; Rational-Emotive- where Cognitive addresses thoughts/thinking, Emotive goes deeper and looks at the emotions occurring

brief, problem-focused, Psychoanalytic- a more directive therapy that attempts to regress (work back to) the "Causes" of the current problem or concern


Additional approaches

Gestalt- assess the goals in your life, the most desired objectives, what are your means to getting to those goals, what is the real value to you of each goals both positive and negative depending upon the obstacles in the way of attainment. Sum those to find the strength of various paths to your goal. Develop a plan.

Humanistic- You want to discover their ideal self. Do not let the client sell themselves short or settle. Identify their current real life perception. Honest self assessments and criticism should be encouraged but not celebrated. Final steps are helping close the gap between their ideal self and their current real self.


Explain psychologists and psychological counseling...

Psychologists study behavior, and affect or emotion and thoughts or cognition, as revealed in some form of behavior, ONLY. Psychological counseling seeks then to change or clarify for people of these human activities.