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Flashcards in Fellows Review Deck (44)
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1

Principles of osteopathic medicine

The body is a unit

The body is capable of self regulation

Structure and function are reciprocally interrelated

Rational treatment is based on understanding of first 3 principles

2

Year that AT Still's children died and he started thinking about osteopathic medicine

1864

3

Day AT Still flung to the breeze the banner of osteopathy

June 22, 1874

4

Year first school of osteopathy opened

1892

5

Year KCU established

1916

6

Year of the Spanish flu outbreak

1917-1918

7

Year DO's started being able to serve in the military

1957

8

Years of the California Referendum

1961-1974

9

Acute or chronic:

Pale, dry, achy

Chronic

10

Acute or chronic:

Blanching, hypertonic, sharp

Acute

11

5 principles of lymphatic diagnosis

1. Indications and risk-to-benefit ratio
2. Central myofascial pathways
3. Fluid pumps
4. Spinal involvement
5. Peripheral/regional pathways

12

Which lymphatic duct drains the majority of the body

Thoracic duct

13

What does the right lymphatic duct drain

Right side of the head, neck, and thorax

Right upper limb

14

Transition zones of the spine and transverse restrictors

OA, C1, C2 (tentorium cerebelli)

C7, T1 (thoracic inlet)

T12, L1 (thoracolumbar diaphragm)

L5, Sacrum (pelvic diaphragm)

15

Principles of lymphatic treatment (4)

1. Open pathways to remove restriction to flow (transverse myofascial restrictors, regional lymphatic drainage)

2. Maximize diaphragmatic functions (abdominal and pelvic diaphragms)

3. Increase pressure differentials or transmit motion (fluid pumps)

4. Mobilize targeted tissue fluids (localized to specific SDs)

16

The thoracic inlet is always opened first. What would your next treatment area be for an HEENT problem?

Suboccipitals

17

The thoracic inlet is always opened first. What would your next treatment area be for a problem below the diaphragm?

Abdominal diaphragm

18

The thoracic inlet is always opened first. What would your next 2 treatment areas be for a lower extremity problem?

Abdominal diaphragm
Pelvic diaphragm

19

Which of the following types of contraction is contraction of a muscle with approximation of origin and insertion?

A. Isometric contraction
B. Concentric isotonic contraction
C. Eccentric isotonic contraction
D. Isolytic contraction

B. Concentric isotonic contraction

20

Which of the following types of contraction is considered non-physiologic?

A. Isometric contraction
B. Concentric isotonic contraction
C. Eccentric isotonic contraction
D. Isolytic contraction

D. Isolytic contraction

21

Which of the following types of contraction is contraction of a muscle with no change in distance between the origin and insertion?

A. Isometric contraction
B. Concentric isotonic contraction
C. Eccentric isotonic contraction
D. Isolytic contraction

A. Isometric contraction

22

Which of the following types of contraction is attempted concentric contraction with an external force causing separation of origin and insertion?

A. Isometric contraction
B. Concentric isotonic contraction
C. Eccentric isotonic contraction
D. Isolytic contraction

D. Isolytic contraction

23

Which of the following types of contraction is contraction of a muscle with separation of origin and insertion?

A. Isometric contraction
B. Concentric isotonic contraction
C. Eccentric isotonic contraction
D. Isolytic contraction

C. Eccentric contraction

24

What are 2 other names for articulatory technique?

Springing technique

Low velocity/high amplitude

25

Steps for BLT

1. Move toward position of ease (shifted neutral)

2. Activating force: breath hold in position of ease

3. Hold until air hunger

4. Return to neutral

5. Reassess

26

Steps for FPR

1. Neutralize sagittal plane

2. Apply compression

3. Place in position of ease

4. Hold 3-5 seconds

5. Return to normal

6. Reassess

27

Steps for Still Technique

1. Place in position of ease

2. Add compression

3. Move through RB to AB

4. Remove compression

5. Return to neutral

6. Reassess

28

Which cervical vertebrae are typical vs. atypical?

Typical = 3-6

Atypical = atlas (c1), axis (c2), and C7

29

Why is C7 considered atypical

Vertebra prominens = non-bifid, with small or absent foramen transversarium

30

The atlas is bounded anteriorly on the dens by the ______ ______ and posteriorly by the __________ ________ ligament

Anterior arch

Transverse atlantal ligament