FERGU pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FERGU pathology Deck (25):
1

Abdominal CT

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mass in the right kidney

2

Kidney section

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well-circumscribed yellow mass with cystic and hemorrhagic degeneration

Renal cell carcinoma

3

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Renal cell carcinoma

clear cell type

tumour cells with cytoplasmic lipid and glycogen

vascularized

4

bladder mucosa

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Non-invasive papillary transitional cell carcinoma, low grade

correlates with exophytic papillary mass

5

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transitional cell carcinoma in-situ

flat type (cytologically high grade)

correlates with mucosal erythema

6

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Large ulcerated transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder

invasion through bladder wall

7

transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder

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Invasive, high-grade (3/3) transitional cell carcinoma involving the muscularis propria 

Stage T2

5 yr survival 25-50%

8

transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder

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Invasive TCC involving peri-visceral fat

Stage T3

15% 5-yr survival

9

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Dilated renal pelvi-calyceal system

thinned renal parenchyma with mottled discolouration of the cut surface

kidney stone in renal pelvis

Hydronephrosis secondary to nephrolithiasis

10

Kidney

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edema, congestion

acute inflammation with pus in the collecting system

11

kidney

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acute inflammation

tubular atrophy

calcification

benign reactive renal pelvic urothelium

12

renal cortex

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Renal cortical atrophy with shrunken and obsolete glomeruli

Tubular atrophy, interstitial chronic inflammation

13

specimen from TUPR

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Hyperplastic nodule with glandular and stromal elements

circumscribed

compact with benign cells

BPH

14

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BPH

compression of urethra

thickening of bladder wall

15

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BPH

16

prostatic needle core biopsy

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benign

well-formed orderly glands with contours

bland cytological features and a basal layer

17

prostatic needle biopsy

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both cores positive for prostatic adenocarcinoma

crowded malignant microacini infiltration in between and around larger benign glands

18

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malignant microacini lined by atypical cells with nucleomegaly, hyperchromaticity and prominent nucleoli

no basal layer

 

19

prostectomy 

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no external evidence of tumour

20

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a large tumour with irregular yellow nodules involving the peripheral and transition zone

carcinoma likely originated from the peripheral zone, then grow to involve the transition zone

appears yellow due to high cytoplasmic fat content

21

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Circumscribed large mass replaceing most of testis

solid, lobulated, tan cut surface

22

testis

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seminoma

sheets of relatively evenly-spaced tumour cells with variably cleared cytoplasm

(cleared because it is glycogen-rich)

distinct cell boundaries

tumour cells have large, oval nuclei with one or two prominent nucleoli

tumour is transected by fibrous bands with scattered lymphocytes

occasional poorly-formed granuloma present

no necrosis or hemorrhage

23

testis

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seminoma

sheets of relatively evenly-spaced tumour cells with variably cleared cytoplasm

(cleared because it is glycogen-rich)

distinct cell boundaries tumour cells have large, oval nuclei with one or two prominent nucleoli

tumour is transected by fibrous bands with scattered lymphocytes

occasional poorly-formed granuloma present

no necrosis or hemorrhage

24

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TB of th epididymis with extension in to the testis

25

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TB of the epididymis with extension into testis