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Unit 3 Head and Neck > Fill In The Blanks > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fill In The Blanks Deck (186):
1

The _____ (a motor nerve) traverses the occipital triangle, a subdivision of the posterior triangle of the neck.

accessory nerve

2

The accessory nerve (a motor nerve) traverses the _____, a subdivision of the posterior triangle of the neck.

occipital triangle

3

The accessory nerve (a motor nerve) traverses the occipital triangle, a subdivision of the _____.

posterior triangle of the neck

4

The_____ muscle is innervated by the cervical branch of the facial nerve.

platysma

5

The platysma muscle is innervated by the _____.

cervical branch of the facial nerve

6

The _____ are both direct branches of the facial artery.

superior and inferior labial arteries

7

The superior and inferior labial arteries are both direct branches of the _____.

facial artery

8

_____, _____, and _____ of the eye are all functions of the superior oblique muscle.

Abduction, depression, intorsion

9

Abduction, depression and intorsion of the eye are all functions of the _____.

superior oblique muscle

10

_____ of the tongue is a function of the genioglossus muscle.

Protrusion

11

Protrusion of the _____ is a function of the genioglossus muscle.

tongue

12

Protrusion of the tongue is a function of the _____ muscle.

genioglossus

13

_____ veins are located in the subarachnoid space surrounding the brain.

Superficial cerebral

14

Superficial cerebral veins are located in the _____ surrounding the brain.

subarachnoid space

15

The _____ of the pterygoid canal enters the pterygopalatine fossa by traversing the pterygoid canal.

nerve

16

The nerve of the _____ enters the pterygopalatine fossa by traversing the pterygoid canal.

pterygoid canal

17

The nerve of the pterygoid canal enters the _____ by traversing the pterygoid canal.

pterygopalatine fossa

18

The nerve of the pterygoid canal enters the pterygopalatine fossa by traversing the _____.

pterygoid canal

19

The _____ is the parasympathetic root of the pterygopalatine ganglion.

greater petrosal nerve

20

The greater petrosal nerve is the _____ of the pterygopalatine ganglion.

parasympathetic root

21

The greater petrosal nerve is the parasympathetic root of the _____.

pterygopalatine ganglion

22

The _____ tests the sensory function of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the motor function of the vagus nerve.

gag reflex

23

The gag reflex tests the _____ function of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the motor function of the vagus nerve.

sensory

24

The gag reflex tests the sensory function of the _____ nerve and the motor function of the vagus nerve.

glossopharyngeal

25

The gag reflex tests the sensory function of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the _____ function of the vagus nerve.

motor

26

The gag reflex tests the sensory function of the glossopharyngeal nerve and the motor function of the _____ nerve.

vagus

27

The _____ of the scalp and the superior sagittal sinus are interconnected through a series of emissary veins.

venous drainage

28

The venous drainage of the _____ and _____ are interconnected through a series of emissary veins.

scalp, superior sagittal sinus

29

The venous drainage of the scalp and the superior sagittal sinus are interconnected through a series of _____.

emissary veins

30

The _____ is positioned along the attached margin of the tentorium cerebelli.

transverse sinus

31

The transverse sinus is positioned along _____.

the attached margin of the tentorium cerebelli

32

The branches of the _____ are typically positioned medial to the pterion.

middle meningeal artery

33

The branches of the middle meningeal artery are typically positioned _____ to the pterion.

medial

34

The branches of the middle meningeal artery are typically positioned medial to the _____.

pterion

35

The _____ muscle enters the pharynx by passing between the superior and middle constrictor muscles.

stylopharyngeus

36

The stylopharyngeus muscle enters the _____ by passing between the superior and middle constrictor muscles.

pharynx

37

The stylopharyngeus muscle enters the pharynx by passing between _____.

the superior and middle constrictor muscles

38

The _____ incisors are typically innervated by the anterior superior alveolar nerves.

upper (maxillary)

39

The upper (maxillary) _____ are typically innervated by the anterior superior alveolar nerves.

incisors

40

The upper (maxillary) incisors are typically innervated by the _____.

anterior superior alveolar nerves

41

The _____ of the retromandibular (vein) and the posterior auricular vein are the two primary tributaries of the external jugular vein.

posterior division

42

The posterior division of _____ and the posterior auricular vein are the two primary tributaries of the external jugular vein.

the retromandibular (vein)

43

The posterior division of the retromandibular (vein) and _____ are the two primary tributaries of the external jugular vein.

the posterior auricular vein

44

The posterior division of the retromandibular (vein) and the posterior auricular vein are the two primary tributaries of the _____.

external jugular vein

45

As it emerges from the _____, the oculomotor nerve typically passes between the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries.

interpeduncular fossa

46

As it emerges from the interpeduncular fossa, the _____ typically passes between the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries.

oculomotor nerve

47

As it emerges from the interpeduncular fossa, the oculomotor nerve typically passes between the _____ and _____.

posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries

48

The _____ of the mandibular nerve re-enters the skull by traversing the foramen spinosum.

meningeal branch

49

The meningeal branch of the _____ re-enters the skull by traversing the foramen spinosum.

mandibular nerve

50

The meningeal branch of the mandibular nerve re-enters the skull by traversing the _____.

foramen spinosum

51

The _____, _____ and _____ nerves all exit the posterior cranial fossa by traversing the jugular foramen.

glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory

52

The glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessory nerves all exit the _____ by traversing the jugular foramen.

posterior cranial fossa

53

The glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessory nerves all exit the posterior cranial fossa by traversing the ______.

jugular foramen

54

The _____ of the neck is continuous with the axillary sheath of the upper extremity.

prevertebral fascia

55

The prevertebral fascia of the neck is continuous with the _____ of the upper extremity.

axillary sheath

56

The _____ of the spine may be torn during a severe hyperextension (movement) of the neck.

anterior longitudinal ligament

57

The anterior longitudinal ligament of the spine may be torn during a severe _____ (movement) of the neck.

hyperextension

58

The anterior longitudinal ligament of the spine may be torn during a severe hyperextension (movement) of the _____.

neck

59

The _____ nerve traverses the cavernous sinus adjacent (directly lateral) to the internal carotid artery.

abducens

60

The abducens nerve traverses the _____ adjacent (directly lateral) to the internal carotid artery.

cavernous sinus

61

The abducens nerve traverses the cavernous sinus _____ to the internal carotid artery.

adjacent (directly lateral)

62

The abducens nerve traverses the cavernous sinus adjacent (directly lateral) to the ______.

internal carotid artery

63

The ____ emerges from the medulla between the pyramid and the olive.

hypoglossal nerve

64

The hypoglossal nerve emerges from the _____ between the pyramid and the olive.

medulla

65

The hypoglossal nerve emerges from the medulla between the _____ and the _____.

pyramid, olive

66

The _____ interconnect the venous drainage of the face and orbit with the cavernous sinus.

ophthalmic veins

67

The ophthalmic veins interconnect the _____ of the face and orbit with the cavernous sinus.

venous drainage

68

The ophthalmic veins interconnect the venous drainage of the _____ with the cavernous sinus.

face and orbit

69

The ophthalmic veins interconnect the venous drainage of the face and orbit with the _____.

cavernous sinus

70

The _____, _____, and _____ nerves all traverse the superior orbital fissure superior to the annular (common tendinous) ring.

frontal, lacrimal, trochlear

71

The frontal, lacrimal and trochlear nerves all traverse the _____ superior to the annular (common tendinous) ring.

superior orbital fissure

72

The frontal, lacrimal and trochlear nerves all traverse the superior orbital fissure _____ to the annular (common tendinous) ring.

superior

73

The frontal, lacrimal and trochlear nerves all traverse the superior orbital fissure superior to the _____.

annular (common tendinous) ring

74

The _____ muscle of the eye receives its sensory innervation from branches of the ophthalmic nerve.

superior oblique

75

The superior oblique muscle of the eye receives its _____ from branches of the ophthalmic nerve.

sensory innervation

76

The superior oblique muscle of the eye receives its sensory innervation from branches of the _____ nerve.

ophthalmic

77

The _____ artery is typically a direct branch of the maxillary artery.

inferior alveolar

78

The inferior alveolar artery is typically a direct branch of the _____.

maxillary artery

79

The _____ nerve, a sensory branch of the mandibular nerve, passes medial to the lateral pterygoid muscle and posterior to the neck of the mandible.

auriculotemporal

80

The auriculotemporal nerve, a _____ branch of the mandibular nerve, passes medial to the lateral pterygoid muscle and posterior to the neck of the mandible.

sensory

81

The auriculotemporal nerve, a sensory branch of the _____ nerve, passes medial to the lateral pterygoid muscle and posterior to the neck of the mandible.

mandibular

82

The auriculotemporal nerve, a sensory branch of the mandibular nerve, passes _____ to the lateral pterygoid muscle and _____ to the neck of the mandible.

medial, posterior

83

The auriculotemporal nerve, a sensory branch of the mandibular nerve, passes medial to the _____ and posterior to the _____.

lateral pterygoid muscle, neck of the mandible

84

The _____ attaches in part to the stapes (ossicle) and is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve.

stapedius muscle

85

The stapedius muscle attaches in part to the _____ and is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve.

stapes (ossicle)

86

The stapedius muscle attaches in part to the stapes (ossicle) and is innervated by a branch of the _____.

facial nerve.

87

The ____ of the facial artery typically anastomoses (directly) with the sublingual branch of the lingual artery.

submental branch

88

The submental branch of the ____ typically anastomoses (directly) with the sublingual branch of the lingual artery.

facial artery

89

The submental branch of the facial artery typically anastomoses (directly) with the _____ of the lingual artery.

sublingual branch

90

The submental branch of the facial artery typically anastomoses (directly) with the sublingual branch of the _____.

lingual artery

91

The _____ muscle attaches in part to the transverse process of the atlas and functions in ipsilateral rotation of the head.

obliquus capitis inferior

92

The obliquus capitis inferior muscle attaches in part to the _____ of the atlas and functions in ipsilateral rotation of the head.

transverse process

93

The obliquus capitis inferior muscle attaches in part to the transverse process of the ____ and functions in ipsilateral rotation of the head.

atlas

94

The obliquus capitis inferior muscle attaches in part to the transverse process of the atlas and functions in _____ of the head.

ipsilateral rotation

95

The _____ reflex tests the parasympathetic motor function of the 3rd cranial nerve.

pupillary

96

The pupillary reflex tests the _____ function of the 3rd cranial nerve.

parasympathetic motor

97

The pupillary reflex tests the parasympathetic motor function of the _____.

3rd cranial nerve

98

The _____ muscle is the only abductor (movement) of the vocal folds.

posterior cricoarytenoid

99

The posterior cricoarytenoid muscle is the only _____ (movement) of the vocal folds.

abductor

100

The posterior cricoarytenoid muscle is the only abductor (movement) of the _____.

vocal folds

101

The _____ forms the floor of the oral cavity.

mylohyoid muscle

102

The mylohyoid muscle forms the _____ of the oral cavity.

floor

103

The mylohyoid muscle forms the floor of the _____.

oral cavity

104

The _____ nerve provides sensory innervation to the molars of the lower jaw.

inferior alveolar

105

The inferior alveolar nerve provides _____ innervation to the molars of the lower jaw.

sensory

106

The inferior alveolar nerve provides sensory innervation to the _____.

molars of the lower jaw

107

The _____ of the temporomandibular joint is classified (synovial) as a gliding (plane) joint.

upper compartment

108

The upper compartment of the ____ is classified (synovial) as a gliding (plane) joint.

temporomandibular joint

109

The upper compartment of the temporomandibular joint is classified (synovial) as a _____ joint.

gliding (plane)

110

The ____ are derived from the first (mandibular) pharyngeal (branchial) arch.

muscles of mastication

111

The muscles of mastication are derived from the _____.

first (mandibular) pharyngeal (branchial) arch

112

The ____ surrounds the carotid artery, internal jugular vein and vagus nerve.

carotid sheath

113

The carotid sheath surrounds the _____ artery, _____ vein and _____ nerve.

carotid, internal jugular, vagus

114

The ____ vein typically passes directly anterior to the anterior scalene muscle.

subclavian

115

The subclavian vein typically passes directly anterior to the _____ muscle.

anterior scalene

116

The _____ muscle extends from vertebral body to vertebral body and functions in flexion of the neck.

longus colli

117

The longus colli muscle extends from _____ to _____ and functions in flexion of the neck.

vertebral body, vertebral body

118

The longus colli muscle extends from vertebral body to vertebral body and functions in _____ of the neck.

flexion

119

The longus colli muscle extends from vertebral body to vertebral body and functions in flexion of the _____.

neck

120

The _____ with its associated tympanic plexus is located in the medial wall of the middle ear.

promontory

121

The promontory with its associated _____ is located in the medial wall of the middle ear.

tympanic plexus

122

The promontory with its associated tympanic plexus is located in the _____ of the middle ear.

medial wall

123

The promontory with its associated tympanic plexus is located in the medial wall of the ______.

middle ear

124

The _____ of the postganglionic parasympathetic neurons innervating the
parotid gland are located in the otic ganglion.

cell bodies

125

The cell bodies of the ______ neurons innervating the
parotid gland are located in the otic ganglion.

postganglionic parasympathetic

126

The cell bodies of the postganglionic parasympathetic neurons innervating the _____ gland are located in the otic ganglion.

parotid

127

The cell bodies of the postganglionic parasympathetic neurons innervating the
parotid gland are located in the _____.

otic ganglion

128

The _____ reflex tests the sensory function of the Vth cranial nerve and the motor function of the VIIth cranial nerve.

corneal (blink)

129

The corneal (blink) reflex tests the _____ function of the Vth cranial nerve and the _____ function of the VIIth cranial nerve.

sensory, motor

130

The corneal (blink) reflex tests the sensory function of the _____ and the motor function of the _____.

Vth cranial nerve, VIIth cranial nerve

131

The _____ or _____ muscle functions to elevate the larynx and is innervated by a branch of ventral ramus C1.

thyrohyoid, geniohyoid

132

The thyrohyoid or geniohyoid muscle functions to elevate the _____ and is innervated by a branch of ventral ramus C1.

larynx

133

The thyrohyoid or geniohyoid muscle functions to elevate the larynx and is innervated by a branch of _____.

ventral ramus C1

134

The _____ artery traverses the transverse foramina of the cervical vertebrae.

vertebral

135

The vertebral artery traverses the _____ of the cervical vertebrae.

transverse foramina

136

The vertebral artery traverses the transverse foramina of the _____.

cervical vertebrae

137

The _____ is continuous with the posterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral column.

tectorial membrane

138

The tectorial membrane is continuous with the _____ of the vertebral column.

posterior longitudinal ligament

139

The _____ typically drains into the sphenoethmoidal recess of the nasal cavity.

sphenoid sinus

140

The sphenoid sinus typically drains into the _____ of the nasal cavity.

sphenoethmoidal recess

141

The sphenoid sinus typically drains into the sphenoethmoidal recess of the _____.

nasal cavity

142

The _____ typically receive the direct lymphatic drainage of the skin overlying the superior attachment of the trapezius muscle.

occipital nodes

143

The occipital nodes typically receive the direct lymphatic drainage of the skin overlying the _____ of the trapezius muscle.

superior attachment

144

The occipital nodes typically receive the direct lymphatic drainage of the skin overlying the superior attachment of the _____.

trapezius muscle

145

The _____ muscle extends from the spinous process of the axis to the occipital bone and is innervated by a branch of dorsal ramus C1.

rectus capitis posterior major

146

The rectus capitis posterior major muscle extends from the _____ of the axis to the occipital bone and is innervated by a branch of dorsal ramus C1.

spinous process

147

The rectus capitis posterior major muscle extends from the spinous process of the axis to the _____ and is innervated by a branch of dorsal ramus C1.

occipital bone

148

The rectus capitis posterior major muscle extends from the spinous process of the axis to the occipital bone and is innervated by a branch of _____.

dorsal ramus C1

149

The _____ and the ramus of the mandible form the lateral boundary of the infratemporal fossa.

zygomtic arch

150

The zygomtic arch and the _____ form the lateral boundary of the infratemporal fossa.

ramus of the mandible

151

The zygomtic arch and the ramus of the mandible form the _____ boundary of the infratemporal fossa.

lateral

152

The zygomtic arch and the ramus of the mandible form the lateral boundary of the _____.

infratemporal fossa

153

_____ to the superior orbital fissure, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus.

Proximal

154

Proximal to the _____, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus.

superior orbital fissure

155

Proximal to the superior orbital fissure, the _____ and _____ nerves are positioned in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus.

oculomotor, trochlear

156

Proximal to the superior orbital fissure, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the _____ of the cavernous sinus.

lateral wall

157

Proximal to the superior orbital fissure, the oculomotor and trochlear nerves are positioned in the lateral wall of the _____.

cavernous sinus

158

The ___ and _____ muscles function during the side-to-side grinding motion of the mandible.

medial, lateral pterygoid

159

The medial and lateral pterygoid muscles function during the _____ motion of the mandible.

side-to-side grinding

160

The medial and lateral pterygoid muscles function during the side-to-side grinding motion of the _____.

mandible

161

The _____ lymph nodes are typically positioned adjacent to the internal jugular vein.

deep cervical

162

The deep cervical lymph nodes are typically positioned _____ to the internal jugular vein.

adjacent

163

The deep cervical lymph nodes are typically positioned adjacent to the _____.

internal jugular vein

164

The _____ muscle receives its motor innervation from the temporal and zygomatic branches of the facial nerve.

orbicularis oculi

165

The orbicularis oculi muscle receives its _____ innervation from the temporal and zygomatic branches of the facial nerve.

motor

166

The orbicularis oculi muscle receives its motor innervation from the _____ and _____ branches of the facial nerve.

temporal, zygomatic

167

The orbicularis oculi muscle receives its motor innervation from the temporal and zygomatic branches of the _____ nerve.

facial

168

The _____ muscle actively contracts during flaring of the nostrils.

nasalis

169

The nasalis muscle actively contracts during _____.

flaring of the nostrils

170

The _____ nerve is closely associated with the posterior wall of the middle ear.

facial

171

The facial nerve is closely associated with the _____ of the middle ear.

posterior wall

172

The facial nerve is closely associated with the posterior wall of the _____.

middle ear

173

The _____, _____ and _____ muscles all function to elevate (movement) the mandible.

temporalis, masseter, medial pterygoid

174

The temporalis, masseter and medial pterygoid muscles all function to _____ (movement) the mandible.

elevate

175

The temporalis, masseter and medial pterygoid muscles all function to elevate (movement) the _____.

mandible

176

The _____ is continuous with the posterior longitudinal ligament of the vertebral column.

tectorial membrane

177

The tectorial membrane is continuous with the _____ of the vertebral column.

posterior longitudinal ligament

178

The _____ is continuous with the pretracheal fascia of the neck.

buccopharyngeal fascia

179

The buccopharyngeal fascia is continuous with the _____ of the neck.

pretracheal fascia

180

The ____ (pharyngeal branch) nerve innervates all the muscles of the palate except for the tensor palatini.

vagus

181

The vagus (_____ branch) nerve innervates all the muscles of the palate except for the tensor palatini.

pharyngeal

182

The vagus (pharyngeal branch) nerve innervates all the muscles of the _____ except for the tensor palatini.

palate

183

The vagus (pharyngeal branch) nerve innervates all the muscles of the palate except for the _____.

tensor palatini

184

The _____ and middle ear communicate through the auditory tube.

nasal pharynx

185

The nasal pharynx and _____ communicate through the auditory tube.

middle ear

186

The nasal pharynx and middle ear communicate through the _____.

auditory tube