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The water cycle

Hydrologic Cycle

1

Temperature at which relative humidity reaches 100%

Dew Point

2

Cold and warm air masses collide

Frontal rainfall

3

Moist air is pushed over a landform

Orographic rainfall

4

The dry leeward side of the landform

Rainshadow rainfall

5

Rapidly rising hot air, cools = rain

Conventional rainfall

6

Upward flows of air from the surface in a Convectional rainstorm

Thermals

7

A large section of air

Air mass

8

The leading edge of an air mass

Front

9

Most violent storm on earth for its size. Winds up to 300mph

Tornado

10

Measures tornado intensity on a scale of 1 to 5

Fujita scale

11

Tornados over water

Water spout

12

Issued by the National Weather Service when atmospheric conditions exist where tornados could form

Tornado watch

13

Issued by the National Weather Service when a tornado has been sighted

Tornado warning

14

The center of a hurricane

Eye

15

Sea water pushed inland by hurricane

Storm surge

16

The largest compartment of liquid fresh water. (Within 1km/.62 miles, has 100 times the volume of all fresh water in rivers, lakes, reservoirs combined

Groundwater

17

Area where rocks and soil are fill with water

Zone of saturation

18

The top edge of the zone of saturation

Water table

19

Water bearing rocks

Aquifers

20

Area that adds water to aquifers

Recharge zone

21

An aquifer that is trapped between layers of non aquifers, pressure builds and forces water upward

Artesian Well

22

The height water is pushed up in an artesian well

Pieziometric level

23

Worlds largest lake, 5,000ft deep. In Siberia

Lake Baykal

24

Stabilizes soil and holds back surface runoff

Wetlands

25

Due to Russian diversion of rivers, this water body has lost 60% of its volume

Aral Sea

26

The 3 Too's of water

Too little, too much, too dirty

27

Fresh water is taken and replaced by ocean's salt water

Salt water intrusion

28

Water table dips down around a heavily pumped well

Cone of depression

29

This aquifer beneath the Great Plains is going dry

High Plains Aquifer (Ogallala)