Flashcards in Final Deck (63)
is a philosophical approach to social work positing
that the goals, strengths, and resources of people and their environment, rather
than their problems and pathologies should be the central focus of the helping
specific set of activities that are designed to solve social problems. For example, public social policies that create childhood nutrition programs make it possible for children to be adequately fed.
are concerns about the quality of life for large groups of people that are either held as a broad consensus among a populations or are voiced by social economic elites
Refers to people's control over their own destiny.
Asserts that the government should assure basic food, healthcare, income, employment, and educations as a right of citizenship in advanced economies.
relief provided only if only if the market place and family wasn't able to fill a persons needs.
believed that supply side economics could actually damage the economy so instead the government should focus on promoting steady growth in the nation's money supply, that is the total amount of money that is circulating through the economy.
government should stabilize the economy by increasing or decreasing taxes in response to economic conditions. When individuals or private business do not consume or invest enough then the government should intervene.
Government spending that is directed towards groups or individuals that are legally entitled to it, as well as interest on our national debt.
Discretionary spending is a spending category through which governments can spend through an appropriations bill. This spending is optional as part of fiscal policy, in contrast to entitlement programs for which funding is mandatory
all citizens who meet the eligibility requirements legally qualify. (Social Security, Medicare)
require those with higher incomes to pay higher rates of taxes. (income taxes)
require those with lower incomes to pay higher rates or proportions of their incomes. (sales tax)
General Tax Revenue
Is not dedicated automatically for functions such as road maintenance but can be used for general purposes.
tax deductions that the government extends to certain groups in order to assist them in obtaining services such as housing, health care, and education.
Stipulate who receives services. Some require that people can only receive benefits if they have made prior contributions.
Service Delivery System
How social services are accessed. Sometimes through private or public agencies.
English Poor Law 1601
Worthy vs Unworthy Poor
local responsibility, each locality was responsible for helping only its own residents.
almshouses were supported by private funds, and they were reserved for the “worthy poor,”
Aid provided in institutional settings such as work houses.
outdoor relief-aid provided to them in
their homes or other non-institutional settings.
Founded Hull House in 1889
focus on environment
policy work / macro wok
a leader in the mental health reform movement
Wanted the federal government to provide institutions for the mentally ill.
In 1917, Mary Richmond published Social Diagnosis
focus on the individual
Hull House 1886
Houses places in poorer neighborhoods where reformers wanted to implement change
residence based aid
provided poor with social capital
Charity Organization Societies
Grounded in "Social Darwinism" believed that the poor caused their own poverty (bad genetics, bad morals)
“scientiﬁc charity,” which involved the use of systematic procedures to assess who was in need
Social Security Act of 1935
entitlement vs assistance
funded through FICA
original act made provisions for old-age beneﬁts; ﬁnancial assistance to elderly,the blind,and dependent children
OASDI social insurance program for the "worthy" who paid in
Medicare Part A
Medicare hospital insurance that pays for inpatient hospital stays, care in a skilled nursing facility, hospice care, and some home health care.
Medicare Part B
Medicare coverage helps pay for physician services, medical supplies, and other outpatient services not paid for by Medicare Part A.
Medicare Part C
The part of Medicare that expands the list of different types of entities allowed to offer health plans to Medicare beneficiaries. Also known as Medicare+Choice