Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (36)
is a philosophical approach to social work positing
that the goals, strengths, and resources of people and their environment, rather
than their problems and pathologies should be the central focus of the helping
English Poor Law 1601
Worthy vs Unworthy Poor
local responsibility, each locality was responsible for helping only its own residents.
almshouses were supported by private funds, and they were reserved for the “worthy poor,”
Aid provided in institutional settings such as work houses.
outdoor relief-aid provided to them in
their homes or other non-institutional settings.
The child-saving movement developed in response to the growing numbers of children who were overcrowding institutions and living on the streets of the cities.
orphan trains, and growth of orphanages
Founded Hull House in 1889
focus on environment
policy work / macro wok
a leader in the mental health reform movement
Wanted the federal government to provide institutions for the mentally ill.
In 1917, Mary Richmond published Social Diagnosis
focus on the individual
Hull House 1886
Houses places in poorer neighborhoods where reformers wanted to implement change
residence based aid
provided poor with social capital
Charity Organization Societies
Grounded in "Social Darwinism" believed that the poor caused their own poverty (bad genetics, bad morals)
“scientiﬁc charity,” which involved the use of systematic procedures to assess who was in need
SS Act of 1935
entitlement vs assistance
funded through FICA
original act made provisions for old-age beneﬁts; ﬁnancial assistance to elderly,the blind,and dependent children
OASDI social insurance program for the "worthy" who paid in
Works Progress Administration
Roosevelt Administration "New Deal"
employed millions of people in such diverse activities as building roads,bridges, and other public works; planting trees and preserving forests; performing plays, and painting murals
replaced the principle that social welfare was largely a local and state responsibility
Civilian Conservation Corps
Employed people to plant trees and build trails.
money went home to families
part of the "New Deal"
Women and war
women entered the work force and often moved into non-traditional areas, such as manufacturing jobs in
shipyards and aircraft factories.
when the war ended jobs and benefits like work time daycare ended and the idea of gender roles continued to be enforced
1954 supreme court ruled separate but equal was unconstitutional in Brown vs Board of Education
part of "The Great Society"
established in 1965
Medicare is a national health insurance program for people age 65 and older who are eligible for Social Security and for certain categories of younger people with disabilities.
Medicaid provides health care for certain categories of people with very low incomes as part of public assistance.
It is a means-tested program that is
ﬁnanced jointly by federal and state dollars.
allow the state more discretion over how federal
monies will be spent. However, block grants typically are capped, so that if the need for services increases, the federal government will not automatically provide additional funding.
a general term that refers to policies and programs designed to compensate for discrimination against
marginalized groups such as women and people of color
The New Deal
influenced by Keynesian economics
federal government had a responsibility to care for people who were in need by no fault of their own. Replaced the idea that social welfare belonged to local and state.
a social philosophy that applies Darwin’s theory of evolution based on natural selection to human societies
The poor were poor because they were biologically inferior
Worthy/ Unworthy Poor
Worthy poor are those seen as deserving of assistance such as orphans and the elderly. The worthy poor tend to have better services and their services have less stigma.
Unworthy poor those seen as undeserving of aid such as single able bodied males.
Reagan and Welfare
reduced welfare funding
increased corporate welfare
turned more social welfare back over to the states
Americans with Disability Act
1990 law that bans discrimination against people with physical or mental disabilities in such areas as employment and transportation
State Children's Insurance Program
1997 authorizes states to offer health insurance to children,up to the age of 19, who are not already insured.
Signed under Clinton Administration
Medicare Part D
began in 2006 under the Bush administration, used a private-sector strategy to provide prescription drug beneﬁts for people receiving Medicare.
refers to entrenched and long-lasting societal practices that favor one group over another based on group characteristics such as skin color
Affordable Care Act
2010 U.S. joined the community of nations that ensure health care as a basic right
for most of their people, rather than a privilege for some.
In the health care reform legislation, risk is shifting
from individuals to the federal and state government
Earned Income Tax Credit
enacted by congress in 1975 in order to decrease the impact of Medicare and Social Security taxes that are deducted from the wages earned by low-income families with children
provided a refundable tax credit to
families whose incomes fell below the federal poverty line