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Flashcards in Final 2019 yellow Deck (63)
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1

Knemidokoptes on the legs of a parrot (scaly legs), how would you treat it? (bath of metha… Brush with ivermectin etc.)

LOCAL TREATMENT WITH IVERMECTIN SO ANSWER: WITH BRUSH WITH IVERMECTIN

2

What would entamoeba cause in a green iguana? (nephritis, pneumonia etc)

ENTERITIS

3

What is characteristic of turtle eggs? (soft shelled, shell disappears inside turtle and the offspring is live-born)

SOFT SHELLED

4

Which species gets infected with myxovirus? (guinea pig, snake)

SNAKES

5

Gestation period of rabbit?

30-33 DAYS SO 1 MONTH

6

What colour is missing in ampengian… snake?

??

7

What animal would you use to propofol as induction to anesthesia? (young patients, old patients, no patients)

ALL PATIENTS

8

What is the dose of Ivermectin given to tortoises?

you wouldn’t because it’s poisonous to them

9

What does Cryptosporidium cause in snakes?

hypertrophic gastritis

10

What is the most common respiratory disease in rats?

(CRD)

11

What method would you not use in a bird with a broken tibia? (sandwich something, screw, cast, external stabilization)

SCREW / INTRAMEDULLARY

12

When is x-ray contraindicated in a bird? (sensitive to stress, hypothermia, dyspnea, neurological something)

DYSPNEA

13

How would you treat external ear inflammation in tortoise? (remove tympanic membrane and clean out, local antbiotics, systemic treatment)

SURGERY AND ANTIBIOTIC INJECTION

14

How would you treat an abscess in an iguana? (clean out and fill up with antibiotics, surgically remove like a tumour as per new regulations)

CLEAN OUT AND FLUSH then treated with topical antibiotics (systemic ones can be given). Surgery is only an option if the abscess isn’t solved with antibiotics.

15

How would you treat a trichofolliculoma?

surgical removal – guinea pigs

16

How would you treat ovarian cysts in a Guinea pig (check up every 2-3 weeks, ever 2-3 months, owners keep an eye and if it gets worse we remove surgically)

OWNERS KEEP AN EYE AND IF IT WORSENS = SURGERY

17

What does not explain seeing only partially digested seeds in the faeces (beak malocclusion, megabacteriosis, PDD, lack of grit)

Beak malocclusion

18

What is megabacteriosis? (bacteria, virus, parasite, fungus)

FUNGUS

19

What colour does the uric acid part of the faeces get in case the bird suffers from liver failure? (lilac, greenish urates, yellow, brown)

GREEN

20

What causes scale rot? (bacteria, fungi)

BACTERIA

21

What is shell rot? (bacterial pathogen seen in aquatic cheletons)

BACTERIA, FUNGI

22

What is correct about ovarian cysts in guinea pigs?

It always causes symmetrical alopecia as there are hormones produced causing pruritus

23

What is correct about feather plucking syndrome?
(it is tricky to treat and requires the owner’s dedication, it is fast and easy to treat, it can be treated medically)

-> it is tricky to treat and requires the owner’s dedication

24

How can you not give infusion to a bird?
(IV, intraosseal, subcutaneous, intraperitoneal)

-> Intraperitoneal

25

You receive a flock of Hermann’s tortoises with stomatitis and runny nose, what can be the cause?

HERPES AND MYCOPLASMA

26

What are the most common ectoparasite of rats?

MITES AND LICE

27

What would you give to a African gray with egg retention?

SURGERY (calcium and oxytocin for guinea pigs with dystocia)

28

What is the most common cause of bone racheitis (metabolic bone disorder) in iguanas?

D hypovitaminosis = calcium deficient

29

What would be the clinical signs of bone racheitis in tortoise? (shell becomes rubber-like, obstruction of mainly large intestine)

SOFTENING OF THE CARAPACE AND PLASTRON

30

What antibiotic do we not give per os to rodents?

amoxicillin + clavulanic acid

31

A rabbit has left bright red spots in the litter, what examination would you do? (microscope investigation of urine, - of faeces, specific urogram, scan reproductive organs)

URINALYSIS

32

What parasite is located in the pharynx of a pigeon?

trichomonas

33

What are the clinical signs of Trichomona, Poxvirus, Mycobacterium Avium in the bird?
(vomiting, head-tilt, Infects Trachea = laboured breathing with open mouth)

-> Infects Trachea = laboured breathing with open mouth

34

What lesions would Knemidokoptes pilae cause?

skin lesions around beak

35

What is true about the teeth in rabbit and guinea pig? (lower incisors are permanent, only top teeth grow permanently, only lower incisors)

CHEEK TEETH (MOLARS) GROW CONTINUOUSLY

36

What is true about bird testes? (both develop, only right develop, only left develop, both lead into the left uro…)

BOTH DEVELOP

37

What is the most common tumour in rabbits?
(adenoma, adenocarcinoma, lipoma, sarcoma)

-> Adenocarcinoma

38

How is Encephalitozoon spread?

via urine

39

What are the symptoms of Encephalitozoon?

head-tilt, nystagmus, kidney something

40

What is true about Encephalitozoon?

It can affect the eyes

41

What causes tuberculosis in birds?

Mycobacterium avium

42

From what species can you collect blood from the dorsal coccygeal vein?

Hermann tortoise

43

What is true about penis prolapse in turtle?

difficult to success, euthanise

44

How to perform laporatomy on a tortoise? (you don’t, via inguinal ring, open somhow?)

SURGERY (plastron removed on abdomen and ventral midline incision in coelomic membrane)

45

What is not a consequence of Vitamin A hypovitaminosis?

What does happens is = swollen eyelids, appetite and BW decreases, mouth infection, respiratory infections, liver or kidney failure may occur

46

Which is easy to intubate?

swan, guinea pig, snake

47

For which patient is propofol a good anesthetic?

all patient types

48

Ovulation in ferrets

(seasonal polyoestrus, only induced in presence of a male)
-> seasonal polyestrus

49

True about rabbits?

feed and faeces ae found in the stomach at the same time

50

Which animal can’t synthesize Vitamin C?

Guinea Pig

51

Ectoparasites of tortoises kept in terrarium? ( Seldom?)

MITES

52

Most common tumour in rabbits?

Adenocarcinoma - Uterine tumour in females

53

What’s true for otitis in rabbits? (at least 3 weeks of antibiotics required)

PPT says minimum antibiotics 4-6 weeks, cleaning of the ear, TICA/LBO

54

Pneumonia verminosa treatment?

IVERMECTIN, FENBENDAZOLE

55

African grey sex determination

endoscopy or DNA

56

Tuberculosis in birds pathogen?

Mycobacterium avium

57

IV given in dorsal coccygeal vein?

Hermann tortoise

58

Injection site not used in turtles?

intraabdominal

59

Vit A deficiency?

metaplasia on mucous membranes of GIT

60

Hypertrophic gastritis in snakes?

Cryptosporidium serpentis

61

Ophyniassis nitricis causing anaemia?

Ivermectin

62

What causes blood loss anaemia in birds?

ticks and lice

63

A frog is loose in the clinic, how do you pick it up?

moist, unpowdered gloves