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Flashcards in Final Deck (91)
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1

What is the main enzyme in Glycogenolysis

Glycogen Phosphorylase

2

Name 3 things that would stimulate Glycogenolysis

Low Energy Charge (ADP, AMP)
Glucagon (Liver)
Calcium (Muscle)

3

Name 3 things that would inhibit Glycogenolysis

High Energy Charge (ATP)
Insulin
Glucose

4

Name the 3 main enzymes in Glycolysis

Hexokinase
Phosphofructokinase (PFK)
Pyruvate kinase

5

Name 3 things that would stimulate Glycolysis

Low Energy Charge (ADP, AMP)
Insulin
Glucose

6

Name 4 things that would inhibit Glycolysis

High Energy charge (ATP)
Glucagon (liver)
Pyruvate, Alanine and or lactate
Citrate

7

What enzyme is involved in making lactate

Lactate Dehydrogenase

8

Name 3 circumstances where lactate production would be stimulated

Low energy charge (ADP, AMP)
Pyruvate (exercise)
NADH (alcohol)

9

Name 2 circumstances where lactate production would be inhibited

High energy charge (ATP)
Low pH (lactic acid)

10

What is the main enzyme in making alanine

Alanine amino transferase (ALT)

11

Name 2 things that would stimulate alanine production

Low energy charge (ADP, AMP)
Pyruvate

12

What would inhibit alanine production

High energy charge (ATP)

13

What is the enzyme involved in the "prep step"

Pyruvate dehydrogenase

14

What 3 things would stimulate the "prep step"

Low energy charge (ADP, AMP)
NAD+
CoA

15

Name 3 things that would inhibit the "prep step"

High energy charge (ATP)
NADH
Acetyl CoA

16

Name the three lipases of lipolysis. What is the main lipase?

Adipose Triglyceride Lipase
Hormone sensitive lipase
Monoacylglycerol lipase

Hormone sensitive lipase

17

What are 5 things that would stimulate lipolysis

Low energy charge (ADP, AMP)
Glucagon
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Cortisol

18

Name 2 things that would inhibit lipolysis

High energy charge (ATP)
Insulin

19

What is the main enzyme of Beta Oxidation (OHOT)

Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase

20

Name 3 things that would stimulate Beta Oxidation

Low energy charge (ADP, AMP)
NAD+, FAD
Glucagon

21

Name 3 things that would inhibit Beta Oxidation

High energy charge (ATP)
Insulin
NADH, FADH2

22

Name the 5 main enzymes of the Krebs Cycle (Citric acid cycle)

Citrate synthase
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Alpha Ketogluterate dehydrogenase
Succinate dehydrogenase
Malate dehydrogenase

23

What are 2 things that stimulate the Krebs cycle

Low energy charge (ADP, AMP)
NAD+, FAD

24

Name 2 things that inhibit the Krebs cycle

High energy charge (ATP)
NADH, FADH2

25

What is the main enzyme in the Pentose Phosphate Pathway (PPP)

Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase

26

What energy bearing molecule stimulates Pentose Phosphate Pathway

NADP+

27

Name 4 things that use up NADPH that in turns increases NADP+

Reductive Biosynthesis
Antioxidant Regeneration
Respiratory Bursts
Detoxification

28

What are 3 things would inhibit the Pentose Phosphate Pathway

NADPH
Ribose
Low energy charge (ADP, AMP)

29

What is the main enzyme of Glycogen synthesis

Glycogen synthase

30

Name 4 things that stimulate Glycogen synthesis

High energy charge (ATP)
Insulin
Glucose
Low glycogen concentration