Final Flashcards Preview

Ortho > Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Deck (10)
Loading flashcards...

Dx cluster for lumbar radiculopathy

Dermatomal pattern
Pain on cough, sneezing, straining
More pain sitting
Subjective muscle weakness
Subjective sensory loss
Paresis/motor loss
Unilateral ankle reflex absent


Dx cluster for cauda equina

Rapid sxs within 24 hrs
Hx of back pain
Urinary retention
Loss of sphincter tone
Sacral sensation loss
Lower extremity weakness or gait loss


Dx cluster for stenosis

Bilateral sxs
Leg pain more than back pain
Pain during walking/standing
Pain relief upon sitting
Age > 48 yrs


Dx cluster for ankylosing spondylitis

Age onset less than 40yrs
At least 3 mos
Morning back stiffness
Pain not relieved by supine
4/5 of above and improved by exercise


Dx cluster for lumbar compression fracture

Age > 50 (sensitive)
Age > 70 (specific)
Corticosteroid use


Dx cluster for spine CA

Age > 50
Previous hx of CA
Failure to I,prove in 1 month of therapy
No relief with bed rest
Duration of pain > 1 month
Insidious onset
Constitutional sxs


Am college of Rheumatology Dx of hip OA

Cluster 1:
pain in hip (not SIJ)
Less than 115 deg of hip flexion
Less than 15 deg hip IR

Cluster 2:
Pain w hip IR
greater than 60 min am stiffness
Greater than 50 yrs


Ottawa Knee Xray Rules

Age 55+
Isolated tenderness of patella
Tenderness at head of fibula
Inability to flex to 90
Inability to bear weight (immediately after and in ED)


Ottawa Ankle Rules

Bone tenderness along distal 6cm of pos edge of tibia or medial malleolus
Bone tenderness along distal 6cm of pos edge of fibula or lateral malleolus
Inability to bear weight for 4 steps


Ottawa Foot Rules

Pain in midfoot AND
Bone tenderness at base of 5th metatarsal (or)
Bone tenderness at navicular (or)
Inability to bear weight for 4 steps