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Flashcards in Final Deck (39)
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1

Drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases or other conditions.

Medicines

2

Substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body or mind.

Drugs

3

Medicines that treat and prevent illness can be classified into FOUR broad categories which are:

1. Vaccines
2. Antitoxins
3. Antibiotics
4. Antihistamines

4

They work by killing harmful bacteria in the body or by preventing bacteria from reproducing.

Antibiotic

5

The most commonly used medicines are ________

Analgesics, or pain relievers.

6

Antihistamines reduce _______ _______

Allergy symptoms.

7

Medicine for the flu

Antiviral

8

Reactions to medicines other than the one intended.

Side Effects

9

3 Medicine Interactions

1. Additive interaction
2. Synergistic effect
3. Antagonistic interaction

10

Occurs when medicines work together in a positive way.

Additive interaction

11

The interaction of two or more medicines that results in a greater effect than when each medicine is taken alone.

Synergistic effect

12

Occurs when the effect of one medicine is cancelled, or reduced when taken with another medicine.

Antagonistic interaction

13

A condition in which the body becomes used to the effect of the medicine.

Tolerance

14

Occurs when a person stops using a medicine on which they become physiologically dependent.

Withdrawal

15

T/F: Tobacco users have a difficult time quitting because it contains an addictive drug, a substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence.

True

16

The addictive drug found in tobacco leaves.

Nicotine

17

A stimulant, a drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, the heart, and other organs.

Nicotine

18

Poisonous Substances in Tobacco Smoke

▪ Carcinogen
▪ Tar
▪ Carbon Monoxide

19

A cancer causing substance.

Carcinogen

20

A thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns.

Tar

21

A colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas.

Carbon Monoxide

22

Short-Term Effects of tobacco:

1. Brain chemistry changes
2. Respiration and heart rate increases
3. Taste buds are dulled and appetite is reduced
4. Bad breath, yellowed teeth, and smelly hair, skin, and clothes.

23

Tobacco that is sniffed through, held in the mouth, or chewed.

Smokeless tobacco

24

Oral cancer

Leukoplakia

25

Long term effects of tobacco

1. Chronic Bronchitis
2. Emphysema, a disease that destroys the tiny air sacs in the lungs.
3. Lung Cancer
4. Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke
5. A weakened immune system

26

A disease that destroys the tiny air sacs in the lungs.

Emphysema

27

A drug that slows the central nervous system

Depressant

28

The state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly reduced.

Intoxication

29

- Factors that Influence Alcohol’s Effects

1. Body Size
2. Gender
3. Food
4. Amount
5. Rate of Intake
6. Medicines

30

T/F: Binge Drinking occurs when people drink seven or more alcoholic drinks in one sitting

False, its 5 or more

31

A severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to alcohol overdose.

Alcohol Poisoning

32

Unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non-medical purposes.

Substance abuse

33

T/F: Illegal drugs which are chemical substances that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy, or sell.

True

34

The use or sale of any substance that is illegal or otherwise not permitted.

Illicit Drug Use

35

A strong sometimes fatal reaction to taking a large amount of a drug.

Overdose

36

A condition in which the body becomes accustomed to the drug and causes the user to experience a need for more and more of the drug to achieve the desired effect.

Tolerance

37

A condition that develops over time and causes a person to believe the drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally.

Psychological Dependence

38

When the develops a chemical need for the drug.

Physiological dependence

39

a physiological or psychological dependence on a drug.

Addiction