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Flashcards in Final Deck (97)
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1

commercialized, mechanized agriculture

agribusiness

2

a major source of pollution

agribusiness

3

spread of modernized agriculture

green revolution

4

increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

greenhouse effect

5

produced by burning fossil fuels, etc

greenhouse effect

6

traps heat and prevents it from radiating back into space

greenhouse effect

7

another major concern regarding consequences of globalization is ____

loss of biodiversity

8

the genetic and biological variation within and among different species of plants and animals

biodiversity

9

use of date from research in anthropology to other practical solutions to problems faced by society

applied anthropology

10

anthropologists and archaeologists (are/are not) restricted to the academic setting

are not

11

represents the intersection of cultural and physical anthropology

medical anthropology

12

study disease, medicine, curing, and mental illness in a cross-cultural perspective

medical anthropology

13

many focus on ____, which examines the spread and distribution of diseases and how they are influenced by cultural patterns

epidemiology

14

may be able to determine whether coronary disease or cancer is related to a particular or social dietary habits, such as consumption of foods high in sodium or saturated

epidemiology

15

also study cultural perceptions of illness and treatment

epidemiology

16

- in the past most archaeologists found work in universities and museums...
- many are now employed as applied archaeologists, evaluating, salvaging, and protecting archaeological resources that are threatened with destruction
- conduct surveys before construction begins to determine if any sites will be affected
- federal and state governments have archaeologists who discover, record, protect, and interpret archaeological resources on their lands

cultural resource management

17

protects sites on federal land

antiques act of 1906

18

provided authority for designating national historic landmarks and for archaeological survey before destruction by development program

historic sites act of 1935

19

stregthens protection of sites via nation register of historic places and integrates state and local agencies into national program for site preservation

nation historic preservation act of 1966 (amended 1976 and 1980)

20

requires all federal agencies to specify impacts of development on cultural resources

national environmental policy act of 1969

21

provides criminal and civil penalties for looting or damaging sites on public and Native American lands

archaeological resources protection act of 1979

22

authorizes US participation in 1970 UNESCO convention to prevent illegal international trade in cultural property

convention on cultural property of 1982

23

provides sanctions against US import or export of illicit antiquities

cultural property act of 1983

24

United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

UNESCO

25

aides in protecting and preserving important cultural resources worldwide

UNESCO

26

____ is being reconsidered
- in the past, underlying views of western cultural superiority showcased other cultures
- at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair, Pygmies from Central Africa were given machetes to show how they would behead one another (although this was ot a part of their culture)
- Igorot tribesmen from Philippines were given a dog to cook and eat each day in front of the audience to display how "uncivilized" they were

cultural relativism

27

the idea that we cannot impose the values of one society on other societies

ethical relativism

28

a subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than do the members of a dominant or majority group

minority group

29

members of minority groups experience a _____

narrowing of life's opportunities for success, education, wealth, the pursuit of happiness, etc

30

a minority group has five characteristics:

unequal treatment, distinguished physical or cultural traits, involuntary membership, awareness of subordination, and in-group marriage