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Flashcards in Final Deck (39):
1

dominated the world production of steel in the 19th century

United Kingdom

2

One of the worlds largest coal reserves

Donetsk

3

Involve transporting materials to and from a factory

situation factors

4

an industry where the inputs weigh more than the final products

bulk reducing industry

5

Where is the optimal plant location if the cost of transporting raw materials is greater than the cost of transporting the product to customers?

as close as possible to the inputs

6

Where is the optimal plant location if the cost of transporting raw materials is less than the cost of transporting the product to customers

as close as possible to the customer

7

something that gains volume or weight during production

bulk gaining industry

8

What are the two principal inputs of steel?

iron ore and coal

9

The increasing importance of proximity to markets in the steel industry is demonstrated by the recent growth of

minimills

10

What is the main input to minimill production?

scrap metal

11

Why did the steel industry shift toward minimills?

cheaper to build and can be located near the market because their main input is widely available

12

What country leads in world steel production currently?

China

13

Why did china's steel production increase?

increased demand by growing industries in china that use a lot of steel (i.e. car production)

14

When and where did the industrial revolution start?

Europe (mostly UK) during the late 18th century

15

Where was steel production concentrated first in the US?

Pittsburgh but there are no steel mills there now

16

Where did US steel production shift after Pittsburgh and why?

Lake Erie region because of iron ore discovery in the Mesabi

17

Where did US steel production shift after the lake erie region and why?

Chicago/South end of Lake Michigan to be closer to Mesabi bc of increased need for iron ore.

18

Where did US steel production shift after the Mesabi range and why?

Mostly East and West coasts because iron ore was imported from other countries and scrap iron/steel was widely available in metro areas

19

What did US steel production look like around the late 1900s?

Most mills closed; remaining near Lake Michigan and east coast

20

How are vehicles manufactured?

assemble vehicles at final assembly plants using parts from independent companies

21

What percent of the value of the the vehicle do carmakers' assembly plants account for?

30%

22

Why do independent companies supply the other 70% of the car's value?

outsourcing

23

North american carmakers:

GM and Ford

24

European carmakers:

Volkswagen, Fiat, Renault (controls Nissan), and Peugeot

25

East Asia based carmakers:

Toyota, Honda, Suzuki, Hyundai (south korea)

26

What are the 3 types of service?

consumer, business, public

27

Who proposed the central place theory?

Walter Christaller

28

Who further developed that theory in the US?

Brian Berry

29

What is the goal of the central place theory?

to identify the most profitable location

30

The area surrounding a service from which customers are attracted?

market area or hinterland

31

What 2 pieces of info are needed to determine the extent of a market area?

range and threshold

32

the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service

range

33

the minimum number of people needed to support a service

threshold

34

first city to have over 1 million

Baghdad

35

first city to have over 5 million

London

36

first city to have over 10 million

New York

37

first city to have over 20 million

Tokyo

38

the best known and most visually distinctive area of most cities aka downtown

Central Business District (CBD)

39

What are the 4 types of urban structure models?

Concentric Zone, Sector, Multiple Nuclei, and Peripheral