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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (45):
1

A repetitive act of a group, performed to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group is known as:

custom

2

____ culture is transmitted from one location to another relatively slowly and on a small scale, primarily through relocation _______

Folk, diffusion

3

According to lecture, which of the following is false regarding what you learned about the Blues and Rock-n-Roll in class?

African-American artists were allowed to write Blues songs, but not Rock-n-Roll

4

The main effect of modern communications on social customs has been to:

increase the similarity of social customs in different locations

5

The current distribution of soccer demonstrates that:

a folk custom can become part of a popular culture

6

The surviving folk sport of Lacrosse was adopted by European immigrants:

from Iroquois players

7

The unique combination of soil, climate, and other physical features determines:

terroir

8

Taboos are especially strong in the area of food. A taboo against eating pork is a characteristic of:

Islam and Judaism

9

Which statement is not true about conflicts between folk and popular culture?

The have lowered the demand for dowries in India

10

Golf serves as a good example of:

popular cultural preferences imposing a particular landscape without regard to the environment

11

When modern languages are depicted as leaves on trees, the trunks of the trees represent:

language groups

12

Indo-European is an example of:

a language family

13

Most written languages use one of the following principal writing systems:

Cyrillic, Latin, Chinese, Arabic

14

A language used by the government for business and official documents is a(n):

official language

15

Which of the following is not one of the four most commonly spoken branches of Indo-European?

Greek

16

The predominant language branch of Russia and Central Europe is:

Balto-Slavic

17

Which branch of Indo-European has the most native speakers?

Indo-Iranian

18

English is a part of the Germanic branch:

because 1500 years ago Germanic tribes invaded England

19

The origin of English words in dominated by:

Romance languages

20

What are the major differences between the Nomadic Warrior and Sedentary Farmer theories in explaining the origins of Proto-Indo-European speakers?

The Nomadic Warrior theory suggests that Kurgans migrated by means of military superiority and the Sedentary Farmer theory describes much earlier people that diffused into Europe and South Asia along with agricultural practices

21

When people who speak a given language migrate to a different location and become isolated from other members of their group,

various dialects may develop

22

Religion is a particularly good example of the tension between globalization and local diversity because:

It represents core cultural values and beliefs that may conflict with others

23

An ethnic religion is:

appealing mostly to one group of people in one place

24

Which of the following is not a universalizing religion?

Judaism

25

Why is Hinduism not considered a universalizing religion?

because it is primarily concentrated in one geographic region

26

Judaism is classified as an ethnic rather than universalizing religion, primarily because:

its rituals derive from the agriculture cycle in Israel

27

Unlike other universalizing religions, Buddhism:

remained concentrated in one region of the world

28

Islam:

has more adherents in Indonesia than any other country

29

The largest branch of Islam is:

Shiite

30

Which of the following countries did the Taliban gain control of and impose strict laws to create a pure Islamic state?

Afghanistan

31

Jerusalem's geography represents a particularly difficult religious conflict to resolve because:

sacred sites to Jews and Muslims are literally built one on top the other

32

Comparing ethnicity and race reveals:

ethnicity is part of a person's cultural identity but race is not

33

The terms "African-American" and "Black":

encompass different groups of people

34

Asian Americans are clustered in what area of the United States?

West

35

Which of the following is false?

In 1973, the US government chose the term Chicano to describe the same group of people that today are referred to as Hispanics

36

Which of the following is not an example of Interregional Migration of African-Americans?

African-Americans moving from the highly clustered inner city into immediately adjacent suburbs during the 50's and 60's

37

Hispanic ethnicities are similar to African-Americans in that they are:

both spatially concentrated in neighborhoods within large American cities

38

Nationalism:

All of these choices are correct.

39

Which of the following is not a strong centripetal force in the United States?

the many ethnic groups living there

40

Which of the following is shared by ALL citizens of Nigeria?

nationality

41

Western Asia consists of seven nationalities and dozens of ethnicities. The region is characterized by:

a severe lack of correspondence between the territories occupied by ethnicities and nationalities

42

Which ethnic group was a target of ethnic cleansing in Kosovo in the 1990's?

Albanians

43

The breakup of Yugoslavia during the 1990's was caused by:

rivalries among ethnicities

44

According to your textbook, Sudan has seen ethnic conflict in all but which of the following regions?

Khartoum

45

According to lecture, there is a serious conflict happening currently in Myanmar (Burma) between the Rakhine ethnic group and which of the following?

Rohingya