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Complete the following quote. "No serious scholar has ever ventured to...

postulate the non-historicity of Jesus."


What is the Majority Text?

The majority text is a more common occurrence of original manuscripts. Also known as the Textus Receptus.


What is the Minority Text?

The minority text is a less common occurrence of original manuscripts. Also known as the Critical Text.


Which historian cites Pilate, a Roman Procurator of Judea, as having sentenced Jesus to death?

Cornelius Tacitus


What percent of OT Hebrew vocabulary is comprised of loan words?

less than 2%


What contributions did the Masoetes make to OT Hebrew?

* Devised a way to preserve proper Hebrew pronunciation through the addition of vowel points to the consonants
* Worked to standardize Hebrew punctuation and spelling


What does the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls provide modern Christianity?

the oldest manuscripts of the OT in existence and validated the authenticity & preservation of more recent manuscript evidence


What did the ancient Jews believe concerning a copy of Scripture compared to the original?

The ancient Jews believed a new copy of a scroll was equal to the original because the text was copied with a high level of precision and accuracy and hadn't yet degraded through usage.


What alternatives are we faced with when dealing with the claims of Jesus while on Earth?

Either his claims were true or his claims were false


If Jesus's claims were false and he didn't know, what would that make him?

A lunatic


If Jesus's claims were false and he did know he what would that make him?

A liar


If Jesus's claims were true and then he is what?

The Lord


What are three ways that Josh McDowell argues the OT is proven reliable?

Textual Transmission (Accuracy)
Confirmation of Hard Evidence (Archeology)
Confirmation of Hard Evidence (Documentary Evidence)


Who does Isaiah mention (by name) more than 100 years before the fall of Babylon (Is. 44:28, 45:1-7)?



Describe the Dynamic Equivalent (or phrase for phrase) translation theory

Fundamentally dynamic equivalent translation means translating the meaning of each whole sentence before moving on to the next


Describe the word for word translation theory

A rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time


Describe the paraphrase translation theory

A restatement of the meaning of a text or passage using other words


List a scientific fact that proves OT reliability.

Any scientific fact
from the lesson: Is the OT Record Reliable? (Part 2) including:
1. The water cycle is described in detail. (Isa 55:10; Job 36:27-28; Ecc. 1:7)
2. The universe is an ordered system (Jer. 33:25, 31:35-36, Isa 40:26, Gen 1)
3. The Bible tells us the Earth is round. (Isa. 40:22, Job 26:10)
4. Gravity suspends the Earth in space (Job 26:7)


Complete the following quote. "A text without a context...

is a pretext for a prooftext."


What are the three parts to properly understanding communication? (Tripartite Communication)

1- what is said
1- what is understood
1- the culture in which what was said, was said


According to Matthew Yeater, what document is the most oneness document on the face of the planet?

Textus Receptus, majority text



2 I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.

5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

13 Thou shalt not kill.

14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.

15 Thou shalt not steal.

16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.


Compare the manuscript preservation of the Egyptian, Book of the Dead with the preservation of the Bible's manuscript evidence.

Book of the Dead - Whole sections of the text were missing from the Turin Papyrus
In some areas, it was completely impossible to match the two texts.

Bible - Manuscripts found 1000+ years apart, show little to no change in spelling, grammar, language, or material.