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Flashcards in Final: Biological paradigms Deck (25)
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1

What are the two biological paradigms?

1. mechanism/ atomism
2. vitalism

2

How does chiropractic philosophy relate?

living human beings are:
-self-forming (autopoietic)
-self-organizing (structurally antientropic)
-self-regulating (homeostatic)
-self-repairing (self-healing)

3

Mechanism/atomism believes that life can be completely explained by

Actions of physical, chemical and electrical forces

4

Mechanism/atomism is derived from

Materialism

5

Mechanism/atomism is a reaction to

Antiscientific theological doctrines

6

Mechanism atomism believes that a living thing is composed to

Inanimate parts

“Whole is equal to sum of its parts”

7

Vitalism believes that life and its functions depend on a

Vital influence

8

Vital influence is

Non-physical in nature

9

Vitalism derives from

Dualism

10

Vitalism believes that life =

Chemistry animated by spirit/force

11

Vitalism is an ____ doctrine

Inclusive

12

Inclusive doctrine of vitalism means

Matter/chemistry + influence of separate, non-physical entity or field

13

2 versions of vitalism

Extreme vitalism (naive)
Moderate vitalism (critical)

14

Extreme vitalism believes that matter evolves then,

Spirit animates it

15

Extreme vitalism sayings

“Lifeless corpse”
“He lost his life”
Cat’s “nine lives”

16

Moderate vitalism believes that vital forces are

Always a part of the process of living thing

17

Moderate vitalism in chiropractic philosophy

Major premise and triune of life

**universal and innate intelligence**

18

Organicism opposes the reduction of biology to

Physics and chemistry

19

Moderate mechanism expressed as

Whole is more than the sum of its parts

Additional ingredient is an understanding relationships of the living system

20

Living human beings are

Self-forming
Self-organizing
Self-regulating
Self-repairing

21

Entropy

Energy equilibrium

22

Structural entropy

Disorder in the universe

23

Structural antientropy (syntropy)

Development of increased order or organization

24

Chiropractic is essentially a

Vitalistic paradigm

25

A vitalistic approach does not require

Assumption of beliefs consistent with theistic teleology (NOT religion)

**but it does accomodate such beliefs