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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (130)
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1

The only line on pelvic line analysis that is not parallel to the femur head line is the ___ ___ __.

Horizontal Plane Line

2

When measuring height of pelvis, the taller side is the PI or AS?

PI by the difference between sides

3

What line on a lateral cervical view runs from the tip to the base of the odontoid process?

Odontoid Line

4

The odontoid plane line runs perpendicular to which line?

Odontoid line

5

If the foramen magnum line is diverging posteriorly from the atlas plane line, the occiput is __.

PS

6

T/F: In an ideal neck curve, all disc plane lines on lateral cervical view should converge to one point.

True

7

What are the 3 labeled lines on AP Open Mouth view of cervicals?

Transverse condylar line,
transverse atlas line
axis plane line

8

T/F: To determine occiput rotation, we must first determine atlas rotation.

True

9

T/F: On AP open mouth view, the wider lateral mass indicates a posteriority.

False: wider lateral mass=anterior

10

On lateral thoracic/lumbar view, we visualize for atypical ___ ___, stacking, and ___.

Atyp. Disc Wedging; Degeneration

11

What are the 2 subcategories of degeneration?

Degenerative Disc Disease, Degenerative Joint Disease

12

On AP Thoracic view, a larger pedicle shadow indicates the more ___ side.

Larger shadow=posterior

13

Why do we apply headward pressure when doing a leg check?

Removes any potential slack between foot and shoe.

14

When we conclude an atlas listing we are using what as the reference point?

Anterior tubercle of the atlas (which is why we say AI or AS)

15

On pelvic film, the wider ilium is rotated externally or internally?

Wider=internal

16

What should be removed first before running the nervoscope over the cervicals?

Necklaces, glasses, large earrings

17

What are the 3 steps of active light touch for static palpation?

Sudoriferous changes
Turgidity changes
Surface tonicity changes

18

What are the 3 steps of deep touch for static palpation?

Tissue prominency
Palpatory tenderness
Deep tonicity changes

19

T/F: Sunburns, blemishes, fever, and perspiration are all conditions that limit effectiveness of instrumentation readings.

True

20

____ is an infrared paraspinal thermal imaging system gathering information from the first 5mm of the epidermis.

TyTron C 3000

21

___ receptors are unmyelinated and ___ receptors are myelinated.

Warmth=unmyelinated
Cold=myelinated (think you need a coat when you're cold)

22

Where does the first synapse occur in the neurologic pathway?

Dorsal horn at the Tract of Lissauer

23

T/F: The Tract of Lissauer sorts between pain and temperature information.

True

24

What 2 areas will the thalamus relay information to in the neurologic pathway?

BA 3, 1, 2
Insular Cortex/Insula/Isle of Reil

25

Where does the lateral spinothalamic tract terminate?

VPL (ventral posterolateral) Nucleus of the Thalamus

26

The anterior portion of the ___ ___ regulates viscera-autonomic function.

Insular cortex

27

Where is autonomic information forwarded after synapsing in the insula?

Anterior hypothalamic nucleus of the hypothalamus

28

Where will the preganglionic sympathetic fiber synapse?

Sympathetic paravertebral ganglionic chain

29

T/F: Once at the sympathetic paravertebral ganglionic chain, the most likely outcome for dermatomal thermoregulation is for it to stay at the same ganglionic level.

True

30

The pre-gang sympathetic fiber will utilize which neurotransmitter to stimulate the post-gang fiber?

Pre-gang=ACh
Post-gang=epinephrine