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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (32)
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1

Define Thesis:

A specific statement that can control or direct your paper.

2

Define Logical Fallacy

Writing that has a flaw or slip in the reasoning process.

3

What are the 5 C's of good writing?

1. Correct
2. Clear
3. Consistant
4. Coherent
5. Concise

4

What is a paraphrase?

A paraphrase is a rewording of the meaning of a given passage, it can be as long as or longer than the original passage.

5

What are the first person singular and plural pronouns?

Singular: I
Plural: We

6

What are the second person singular and plural pronouns?

Singular: You
Plural: You

7

What are the third person singular and plural pronouns?

Singular: He/ She
Plural: They

8

Define forecasting:

Info given at the beginning of the paper indicating what is to come

9

Define framing:

When something mentioned at the beginning of the paper is reintroduced at the end

10

Define topic sentence:

The main topic of an entire paragraph

11

What are the 4 most common ways of developing a paragraph?

1. Giving examples
2. Telling incidents
3. Giving reasons
4. Using compare/ contrast

12

What is a summary?

Restating the essential meaning of a longer piece of writing, it should be no more than 1/3 of the original length.

13

What does unity mean?

Unity means oneness of thought & of purpose.

14

What are three ways to make sure your sentence has unity?

1. Don't put unrelated ideas into the same sentence.
2. Make sure the relationship between the ideas are immediately clear.
3. Do not introduce so many details that the central thought of the sentence is obscured.

15

What does coherence mean?

Coherence means that your details are in such good order and the relationships between the details are so clear that the resulting paragraph is easy to understand.

16

What are the four continuity devices listed in the textbook?

1. Pronoun reference
2. Repetition
3. Transition Expressions
4. Old-to-new

17

In writing, what is an argument?

Writing that tries to persuade the reader.

18

What are the 6 logical fallacies?

1. Post-hoc reasoning
2. Oversimplification of the case
3. Either-or-reasoning
4. False analogy
5. Begging the Question
6. Non Sequitir

19

Define Post-hoc reasoning:

Confusing chronology with casually (after, this, therefore because of this)

20

Define Begging the Question:

The author "begs" the audience to grant at the outset that which is actually at stake.

21

Define Non Sequitir:

When one statement is not logically connected to another.

22

What is the purpose of an introduction?

To capture your readers attention and to lead them into your subject.

23

What should you do with your concluding paragraph in a piece of writing?

Your topic sentence needs to be a modified version of your original statement of purpose or thesis sentence.

24

What is the purpose of a conclusion?

To round out your composition and to leave your reader with a sense of assurance that you are finished.

25

Explain the flaws in the analogy by Judith Jarvis about abortion:

1. A violinist is a stranger/ a fetus is not. A fetus is a blood relative of the mother.
2. The women in bedridden for nine months/ not typically bedridden in pregnancy.
3. The woman is linked against her will/ whereas pregnancy is generally not forced on a woman (except in the case of rape).
4. The violinist's need for the woman is not something she is responsible for, whereas in pregnancy she is responsible for the unborn child.
5. The woman can unhook herself, but abortion requires the assistance of a 2nd party to remove the fetus.

26

Define senario:

a possible course of action or event

27

Define anecdote:

story about a real incident or person

28

Define authority:

someone who knows a lot about something or who is respected or obeyed by other people.

29

What is a counter argument:

An argument put forward to oppose an idea developed in another argument.

30

What happens when you acknowledge in a counterargument:

- You mention an objection to your argument.
- You may refute it or you may accommodate it