Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (49):
What is Plot Structure?
What is Setting?
- Where the story takes place
- What time period
- Description of the environment
What is Rise of Action?
- Building of the Plot/Unfolding of the Sequence of Events
What is Climax?
- Point in story where most significant events occur
- Plot builds up to this moment and everything is connected to it
What is Denouement/Falling Action?
- Winding down of the plot
- Things become settled and fall into place after the climax has occurred
- A breathing time for the main character
What is the Conclusion?
- Concludes the plot
- There is a full acceptance of the way things are
- Life goes on and will be better (or not) from that acceptance
What is Characterization?
When a person's human qualities are revealed by his/her:
- What he/she says
- What he/she does
- What others say about them
What is Indirect Characterization?
- Provides the reader with enough information to draw his/her own conclusions
What is Direct Characterization?
- The author provides the reader with enough information to draw their own conclusions
What is a Round Character?
- Well developed through most of the elements of characterization
- These characters are more believable and real
What is a Flat Character?
- Weakly developed characters
- Only barely described and not much is revealed about their personality
What is the Main Character?
- The story revolves around them.
- They are involved in the main conflict and are most important
What are Minor Characters?
- They enhance the role of the main character
- Not necessarily directly involved in the main character's conflict
- Sometimes the "outsider"
What is Mood?
- Feeling/atmosphere (ex. Somber, joyful, comedic, macabre)
What is Pathetic Fallacy?
- When the environment reflects the mood/feeling/situation of the characters
What is Conflict?
- Internal or External struggle that the character is facing
- A problem or dilemma that must be solved
- Needed to move the plot forward; without it, there is no story
What are the three types of conflict?
- Person vs. Person
- Person vs. Self
- Person vs. Environment
What is Person vs. Person conflict?
The protagonist directly struggles with another or other persons
What is Person vs. Self conflict?
The protagonist struggles with an inner conflict and must come to a realization with understanding him/herself
What is Person vs. Environment conflict?
The protagonist struggles with some or all of:
What is Point of View?
P.O.V. is the relationship of the narrator and the story. Sometimes called the method of narration.
What are the 5 methods of narration?
1. First Person Major
2. First Person Minor
3. Third Person Omniscient
4. Third Person Ordinary
5. Third Person Central Character
What is First Person Major?
Main character tells his/her own story.
What is First Person Minor?
A minor character who happens to be there tells the story. (Ex. The Great Gatsby)
What is Third Person Omniscient?
Narrator knows the thoughts of all the characters in the story (all-knowing narrator)
What is Third Person Ordinary?
Narrator tells the reader only what he perceives.
What is Third Person Central Character?
Narrator only tells what the Central character thinks, feels, does, etc.
What is Symbol?
Something used to represent something else (Ex. Maple leaf - Canada, patriotism)
What is Irony?
A situation where the exact opposite occurs rather than what is expected.
What is Theme?
The central meaning of a work-seldom directed stated.
What is Atmosphere/Mood?
The dominant feeling of a situation
What is Pathos?
In both music and literature, it creates a feeling of sadness, pity or sorrow in the reader.
What is Imagery?
The creation or use of images in speech or writing - forms pictures in your mind.
What is Allusion?
A reference to a historical or fictional character, place, event or other work that the writer assumes the reader will recognize.
Ex. Biblical references
What is a Paradox?
A statement that seems to contradict itself.
What is an Oxymoron?
Two words that are contradictory which are used together.
Ex. Pretty ugly
What is a Simile?
A direct comparison using like or as (coffee as black as tar)
What is Foreshadowing?
A hint or suggestion that something will happen in the future.
What is an Allegory?
Symbolic meaning to a story – usually a long and complicated story with an underlying meaning (Animal Farm)
What is Personification?
Human characteristics given to inanimate objects (the trees bowed their heads)
What is Card Stacking?
The strategy of showing the product's best features, telling half-truths, and lying about its potential problems
What is Star Power/Testimonial?
The use of well known, respected people to endorse a product or service.
What is Name Calling?
The use of names that evoke fear or hatred in the viewer.
What is Glittering Generalities?
The act of referring to words or ideas that evoke a positive emotional response from an audience.
What are Statistics?
The collection of data presented for the purpose of proof.
What is Shock Value?
An image used to provoke a reaction of sharp disgust, shock, anger, fear, etc.
What are Montage/Images?
In general, a visual way to present information to target audience.
What is Plain Folks?
The use of everyday people to sell a product or service.