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Flashcards in Literary Terms Deck (24):

What is the plot structure?

Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Conclusion


What is Setting?

- Where the story takes place
- What time period
- Description of the environment


What is Rise of Action?

- Building of the plot
- Unfolding of sequence of events
- More is revealed about characters and themes become more apparent


What is the Climax?

- Point in the story when the most significant happenings occur


What is Denouement/Falling Action?

- Winding down of the plot
- Things become settled and fall into place AFTER the climax has occurred
- A breathing time for the main character


What is the Conclusion?

- Concludes the plot
- There is a full acceptance of the way things are


What is Characterization?

- When a person's human qualities are revealed by his/her:

1. Name
2. Appearance
3. What he/she says
4. What he/she does
5. What others say about them


What is Indirect Characterization?

- Provides the reader with enough information to draw their own conclusions.


What is Direct Characterization?

- The author provides the reader with enough info to draw their own conclusions


What is a Round Character?

- Well developed through most of the elements of characterization
- These characters are more believable and real


What is a Flat Character?

- Weakly developed characters
- Only barely described and not much is revealed about their personality


What is a Main Character?

- The story revolves around them (protagonist)
- They are involved in the main conflict and are most important


What are Minor Characters?

- Those that enhance the role of the main character
- Not directly involved in the main character's conflict, but still important


What is Mood?

Feeling/atmosphere (ex. Somber, joyful, mystical)


What is Pathetic Fallacy?

When the environment reflects the mood/feeling/situation of the characters.


What is Conflict?

- The internal or external struggle that the character is feeling.
- A problem that must be solved.


What are the three types of conflict?

Person vs. Person: (external) the protagonist directly struggles with another or other persons

Person vs. Self: (internal) the protagonist struggles with an inner conflict and must come to a realization or understanding with their self

Person vs. Environment: (external) the protagonist struggles with some or all of: nature, supernatural, society.


What is Point of View?

POV is the relationship of the narrator and the story. Sometimes called the method of narration.


What are the 5 methods of narration?

First Person Major - Main Character tells their own story

First Person Minor - A minor character who happens to be there tells the story (ex. The Great Gatsby)

Third Person Omniscient - Narrator knows the thoughts of all the characters in the story

Third Person Ordinary - Narrator tells the reader only what he perceives

Third Person Central Character - Narrator only tells what the central character thinks, feels, does, etc.


What is a Symbol?

Something used to represent something else


What is Irony?

A situation where the exact opposite occurs rather than what is expected.


What is Theme?

The central meaning of a work-seldom directed stated.


What is Atmosphere/Mood?

The dominant feeling of a situation


What is pathos?

In both music and literature it creates a feeling of sadness, pity or sorrow in the reader