Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (64):
Moderate stage of Alzheimer’s has what behavior?
Husband of a patient with Alzheimer’s. What should he expect out of the medication?
Slow down mental loss
Smooth muscle relaxation hormone for penile erection?
Priapism (perma hard on) that causes ischemia results from what?
Failure to detumescence (tension, swelling, arousal)
Common risk factor for erectile dysfunction due to penile arterial insufficiency
Testicular torsion causes ________.
loss of perfusion
Men over 50 prostatic hypertrophy what major complication?
Hydrocele is excess fluid in what layer?
30 year old man has mumps orchitis (inflammation of testes) what will this result in?
Undescended testes can cause what?
Major physiological process of testosterone.
Skeletal muscle growth
BPH important factor in evaluation and treatment.
Subjective symptoms reported by patient
Patient has anterior pituitary tumor as results stops making FSH. Possible consequences in function.
Which disorder of male genitourinary system requires urgent and aggressive treatment?
A 22 year old college male, has testicular cancer. What is something he can say that he understands in his condition?
I can’t shake the feeling that it might be a death sentence
Prostatic cancer screening for it
BPH can confound prostate screening results.
Which one is most likely to require surgery?
Virus contributing to cervical cancer
Complication of endometriosis.
Symptoms of this condition include urgency, frequency of urination.
Cystocele (prolapsed bladder)
What is vulvo dynia?
unexplained vulvar pain
Which of the following increased risk for breast cancer?
Polycystic ovarian syndrome from what hormone?
High risk indicator for ovarian cancer?
Leiomyomas are small muscle fibroid tumors located in the ______..
fundus and corpus of the uterus
Primary process that estrogens do.
Ovarian follicle growth
Normal physiological process with menopause.
Estrogen decreases and cessation of ovarian function
21 year old college female, vaginal itching and redness. What clinical assessment question applied.
Have you ever had a STD?
I am a 29 year old patient with a papsmear. What do we look for to see if its abnormal?
Four different female disorders. Which most likely disrupts normal function
Which statement shows the patient knows what is going on. I have a middle aged woman, what complaints help rule out ovarian cancer?
Indigestion and boating
I have a 59 year old breast cancer on hormone therapy. What is the purpose of hormone therapy?
Block receptors of malignant cells.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease most commonly caused by
T/F Alzheimer’s Disease diagnosed by excluding all other diseases.
T/F Erectile dysfunction is part of metabolic syndrome.
T/F Vegetarian diet can protect against prostate cancer.
T/F African American men should start prostate cancer screening before Caucasian men.
Penile disorder with fibrinous lesions on penis shaft
Which is the congenital defect?
T/F BRACA 1&2 predispose women to breast cancer and ovarian Cancer.
T/F Pelvic inflammatory disease causes infertility
T/F Prostate cancers can be aggressive and fatal to men in the prime of their life.
Disease where uterus inner lining displaced to outside
(fill in blank) Two antioxidants that protect against Alzheimer’s:
B12 and vitamin d
There is no cure for Alzheimer’s. a.________ inhibitors are shown to effectively promote availability of b.____________ neurotransmitter:
Alzheimer’s Disease caused by formation of
Alzheimer’s Disease decreases release of:
CJD caused by:
Parkinson’s Disease is caused by a decreased release of:
Traumatic Brain Injury caused by:
blunt force trauma
Old man has weakness, depression, and anemia, secondary to decreasing _____.
broken blood vessels in the brain region
Two types of hematoma and describe them
1. Epidural Hematoma- blood pooling in between the dura and arachnoid mater; not directly on the brain
2. Subdural Hematoma- blood pooling between the arachnoid and pia mater; more directly on the brain
Name 4 types of seizures
a. Petit mal
d. Tonic-clonic (grand mal)
disturbances in consciousnes
loss of muscle tone
muscle contraction and loss of consciousness
Tonic-clonic (grand mal)
3 types of strokes
c. Transient ischemic attacks
Similarities between each strokes
Droopy face, slurring words, headaches, N/V
Differences between each strokes
ischemic (blockage), hemorrhagic (rupture), transient (about to become either of the other ones, we don’t know)
Name the 4 types of headaches
d. Temporomandibular joint pain
A. muscle stress, eye strain, tight bands around top of head
B. trigger based, not localized, frequent complaints of light sensitivity, brain problem, commonly associated with N/V
C. based on a specific location, specific to the cause of pain
D. caused from overuse, anatomical abnormalities, tension caused by tightness in the jaw, more on the sides of the jaw
D. TMJ pain