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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (64):
1

Moderate stage of Alzheimer’s has what behavior?

Confusion

2

Husband of a patient with Alzheimer’s. What should he expect out of the medication?

Slow down mental loss

3

Smooth muscle relaxation hormone for penile erection?

Nitric Oxide

4

Priapism (perma hard on) that causes ischemia results from what?

Failure to detumescence (tension, swelling, arousal)

5

Common risk factor for erectile dysfunction due to penile arterial insufficiency

Smoking

6

Testicular torsion causes ________.

loss of perfusion

7

Men over 50 prostatic hypertrophy what major complication?

Urinary retention

8

Hydrocele is excess fluid in what layer?

Tunica vaginalis

9

30 year old man has mumps orchitis (inflammation of testes) what will this result in?

Sterility

10

Undescended testes can cause what?

Infertility

11

Major physiological process of testosterone.

Skeletal muscle growth

12

BPH important factor in evaluation and treatment.

Subjective symptoms reported by patient

13

Patient has anterior pituitary tumor as results stops making FSH. Possible consequences in function.

Dysfunctional spermatogenesis

14

Which disorder of male genitourinary system requires urgent and aggressive treatment?

Testicular torsion

15

A 22 year old college male, has testicular cancer. What is something he can say that he understands in his condition?

I can’t shake the feeling that it might be a death sentence

16

Prostatic cancer screening for it

BPH can confound prostate screening results.

17

Which one is most likely to require surgery?

Hypospadias

18

Virus contributing to cervical cancer

HPV

19

Complication of endometriosis.

Pelvic adhesions

20

Symptoms of this condition include urgency, frequency of urination.

Cystocele (prolapsed bladder)

21

What is vulvo dynia?

unexplained vulvar pain

22

Which of the following increased risk for breast cancer?

late menopause

23

Polycystic ovarian syndrome from what hormone?

Elevated LH

24

High risk indicator for ovarian cancer?

Nulliparity

25

Leiomyomas are small muscle fibroid tumors located in the ______..

fundus and corpus of the uterus

26

Primary process that estrogens do.

Ovarian follicle growth

27

Normal physiological process with menopause.

Estrogen decreases and cessation of ovarian function

28

21 year old college female, vaginal itching and redness. What clinical assessment question applied.

Have you ever had a STD?

29

I am a 29 year old patient with a papsmear. What do we look for to see if its abnormal?

Dysplastic cell

30

Four different female disorders. Which most likely disrupts normal function

Polycystic ovaries

31

Which statement shows the patient knows what is going on. I have a middle aged woman, what complaints help rule out ovarian cancer?

Indigestion and boating

32

I have a 59 year old breast cancer on hormone therapy. What is the purpose of hormone therapy?

Block receptors of malignant cells.

33

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease most commonly caused by

STD (STI)

34

T/F Alzheimer’s Disease diagnosed by excluding all other diseases.

True

35

T/F Erectile dysfunction is part of metabolic syndrome.

True

36

T/F Vegetarian diet can protect against prostate cancer.

True

37

T/F African American men should start prostate cancer screening before Caucasian men.

True

38

Penile disorder with fibrinous lesions on penis shaft

Peyronie Disease

39

Which is the congenital defect?

hypospadias

40

T/F BRACA 1&2 predispose women to breast cancer and ovarian Cancer.

True

41

T/F Pelvic inflammatory disease causes infertility

True

42

T/F Prostate cancers can be aggressive and fatal to men in the prime of their life.

True

43

Disease where uterus inner lining displaced to outside

endometriosis

44

(fill in blank) Two antioxidants that protect against Alzheimer’s:

B12 and vitamin d

45

There is no cure for Alzheimer’s. a.________ inhibitors are shown to effectively promote availability of b.____________ neurotransmitter:

a.) cholinesterase
b.) acetylcholine

46

Alzheimer’s Disease caused by formation of

amyloid plaque

47

Alzheimer’s Disease decreases release of:

acetylcholine

48

CJD caused by:

prion

49

Parkinson’s Disease is caused by a decreased release of:

dopamine

50

Traumatic Brain Injury caused by:

blunt force trauma

51

Old man has weakness, depression, and anemia, secondary to decreasing _____.

testosterone

52

Define hematoma

broken blood vessels in the brain region

53

Two types of hematoma and describe them

1. Epidural Hematoma- blood pooling in between the dura and arachnoid mater; not directly on the brain
2. Subdural Hematoma- blood pooling between the arachnoid and pia mater; more directly on the brain

54

Name 4 types of seizures

a. Petit mal
b. Atonic
c. Myoclonic
d. Tonic-clonic (grand mal)

55

disturbances in consciousnes

Petit mal

56

loss of muscle tone

Atonic

57

muscles contract

Myoclonic

58

muscle contraction and loss of consciousness

Tonic-clonic (grand mal)

59

3 types of strokes

a. Ischemic
b. Hemorrhagic
c. Transient ischemic attacks

60

Similarities between each strokes

Droopy face, slurring words, headaches, N/V

61

Differences between each strokes

ischemic (blockage), hemorrhagic (rupture), transient (about to become either of the other ones, we don’t know)

62

Name the 4 types of headaches

a. tension
b. migraine
c. cluster
d. Temporomandibular joint pain

63

A. muscle stress, eye strain, tight bands around top of head
B. trigger based, not localized, frequent complaints of light sensitivity, brain problem, commonly associated with N/V
C. based on a specific location, specific to the cause of pain
D. caused from overuse, anatomical abnormalities, tension caused by tightness in the jaw, more on the sides of the jaw

A. Tension
B. Migraine
C. Cluster
D. TMJ pain

64

1. Personal hygiene is neglected:
2. Urinary and fecal incontinence:
3. Gets lost in familiar surroundings:
4. Wandering in late afternoon:
5. Forgets where everyday items are placed:
6. Failure to recognize family:
7. Short-term memory loss:
8. Hostile of abusive behavior:

1. second
2. third
3. second
4. second
5. first
6. third
7. first
8. third