Final Exam Flashcards Preview

Health Challenges > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

Optimal diet

Adequate supply if required nutrients for tissue maintenance, repair and growth

2

Top 3 leading causes of death in adolescents

1. Road traffic accidents
2. Lower respiratory infection
3. Self harm

3

Main health issues Among adolescents

Early pregnancy and child birth
Depression
Malnutrition
Overweight and obesity

4

Obesogenic environment

An environment that promotes gaining weight and one that is not conducive to weight loss within the home or workplace. This refers to the macro and micro environments and is closely associated with the built environment. Eg land use and transportation systems

5

The CSDHs closing the gap in a generation report made three overarching recommendations

1. Improve daily living conditions
2. Tackle the inequitable distribution of power, money, and resources
3. Meausure and understand the problem and assess the impact of action

6

Indigenous holistic SEWB

Cultural determinants
Social determinants
Political determinants

7

Risk taking

Refers to the tendency to engage in behaviours that have the potential to be harmful or dangerous yet at the same time, provide opportunity for some kind of outcome that can be perceived positive

8

Lifestyle behaviour

Refers to behaviours that are undertaken by people based on personal choice with frequency or intensity that increases risk of disease or injury

9

Physical activity

Any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure

10

Exercise

A subset of physical activity defined as ' planned, structured and repetitive bodily movement done to improve or maintain one or more components of fitness

11

Components of health related fitness

-cardio-respiratory fitness
- muscular endurance
- muscular strength

12

Health enhancing physical activity (HEPA)

Frequency
Intensity
Duration

13

Fitness

A set of attributes that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity

14

Public health

The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting, protecting and improving health through the organised efforts of society

15

Ecological footprint

The load imposed by a given population nature

16

Why interest in environment

24 % of burden of disease directly associated with environment

17

Obesity

Is the accumulation of excessive fat in the body
BMI of over 30

18

3 levels of determinants that influence health at work

Macro
Meso
Micro

19

Cultural capability

Demonstrated capacity to act on cultural knowledge and awareness through a suite of core attributes that are acquired through a dynamic lifelong process

20

Broader definitions of environment

Not only the quality of the air, water and ground, but also indoor air quality, food and the living and working environment need to be taken into account

21

Economic globalisation

The internationalizing of production, consumption, and trade patterns

22

Burden of disease

Is useful to measure the impact of different diseases or injuries on a population using DALYs