Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (19)
when to fertilize
when to seed
in spring with mid to late season grass
when to lime
whenever but split it up in 3 sessions
ideal pasture PH
need 1.5 acres per horse and they are let loose on the whole area to eat wherever they want
helps maintain nutrient content in smaller spaces and rotate pastures giving grass at least 21 days to regrow
controlled intensive feeding
put horses on small area have then eat that down totally
Understand risks associated with tranquilizing horses when transporting
- They sweat more and aren’t as balanced
- Decreases their ability to thermoregulate
Know how much %bw a horse loses per hour of transportation and why it is important to know.
- Horses lose .45-.55% of total body weight (5-6lbs) per hour of travel
- Important because we are concerned with dehydration
Know the importance of water demand and air quality and recovery time during travel.
- Air quality you need a clean breathing zone aka no hay bag don’t tie horses up high
- Stop every 3 hours for water
Understand how to give your horse the feeling of grazing within a temporary stabling situation at a show ground.
- Multiple hay nets or bring grass from home
- split concentrates up in small feedings
Understand how a horse’s nutrition must change after suffering an injury and becoming stall bound.
- Switch to maintenance diet
- Most horses are good with free choice hay salt and water
Know the timings of when to feed a horse after a simple colic.
- Forage returns to normal 24-48 hours after
- Concentrates shouldn’t be fed until 12-14 days after episode
- Hay is every 4-6 hours after the first 12-24 hours
Understand how the immune system can suffer from loss of appetite, decreased nutrition and medications.
- Not eating makes horse weaker making it harder for them to fight off infections and heal
- Loss of appetite can stem from not being able to smell taste or chew
Know how severe trauma greatly affects nutritional demands
- Burns, sepsis, they have a higher need for certain nutrients
- Feed more proteins vitamins (B,E) and horse will need 100% over normal maintenance for the horse
- Liver failure need 50% grain diet
o Need a diet of short branched chain amino acids
o Basically less protein and fat more high starch diet
- Kidney failure hard to excrete metabolic waste
o Grass forage diet
o Avoid alfalfa and wheat bran and anything high in protein and calcium
o High carb diet of straight grains and mature grass hay