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Equine Nutrition > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (19)
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1

when to fertilize

fall

2

when to seed

in spring with mid to late season grass

3

when to lime

whenever but split it up in 3 sessions

4

ideal pasture PH

6.2

5

continuous grazing

need 1.5 acres per horse and they are let loose on the whole area to eat wherever they want

6

rotational

helps maintain nutrient content in smaller spaces and rotate pastures giving grass at least 21 days to regrow

7

controlled intensive feeding

put horses on small area have then eat that down totally

8

Understand risks associated with tranquilizing horses when transporting

- They sweat more and aren’t as balanced
- Decreases their ability to thermoregulate

9

Know how much %bw a horse loses per hour of transportation and why it is important to know.

- Horses lose .45-.55% of total body weight (5-6lbs) per hour of travel
- Important because we are concerned with dehydration

10

Know the importance of water demand and air quality and recovery time during travel.

- Air quality you need a clean breathing zone aka no hay bag don’t tie horses up high
- Stop every 3 hours for water

11

Understand how to give your horse the feeling of grazing within a temporary stabling situation at a show ground.

- Multiple hay nets or bring grass from home
- split concentrates up in small feedings

12

Understand how a horse’s nutrition must change after suffering an injury and becoming stall bound.

- Switch to maintenance diet
- Most horses are good with free choice hay salt and water

13

Know the timings of when to feed a horse after a simple colic.

- Forage returns to normal 24-48 hours after
- Concentrates shouldn’t be fed until 12-14 days after episode
- Hay is every 4-6 hours after the first 12-24 hours

14

Understand how the immune system can suffer from loss of appetite, decreased nutrition and medications.

- Not eating makes horse weaker making it harder for them to fight off infections and heal
- Loss of appetite can stem from not being able to smell taste or chew

15

Know how severe trauma greatly affects nutritional demands

- Burns, sepsis, they have a higher need for certain nutrients
- Feed more proteins vitamins (B,E) and horse will need 100% over normal maintenance for the horse

16

liver failure

- Liver failure need 50% grain diet
o Need a diet of short branched chain amino acids
o Basically less protein and fat more high starch diet

17

kidney failure

- Kidney failure hard to excrete metabolic waste
o Grass forage diet
o Avoid alfalfa and wheat bran and anything high in protein and calcium

18

HYPP

o High carb diet of straight grains and mature grass hay

19

EPSM

o Horse needs 1 lb of fat per 1000 lbs of horse per day
o Feed low starch low sugar
o Alfalfa and legume hay is good