Final Exam - Dr. Dascanio's Material (Equine) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam - Dr. Dascanio's Material (Equine) Deck (64)
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1

A pony is < ____ hands high

A pony is < 14.2 hands high

2

An average horse is ___ to ___ hands high

An average horse is 15 to 17 hands high

3

For equines, each body condition score = ~___ lbs

For equines, each body condition score = ~50 lbs

4

What is the ideal BCS for a performance horse?

~4-5

(has a job; competition)

5

What is the ideal BCS for a pleasure horse?

~5-6

(horse kept for pleasure or for casual riding)

6

In equines, a BCS of ___ or above would be considered obese

In equines, a BCS of 7 or above or above would be considered obese

7

The average horse is about _____ lbs

1100

8

Where is the gall bladder located in the equine?

Equines don't have a gallbladder, sucka!!

9

What is the site of absorption of vitamins and minerals in the equine?

small intestine

10

What is the primary site of water absorption in the equine?

large intestine

11

What is the maximal dry matter intake (DMI) for an equine during maintenance?

1.5-2% of body weight

12

What is the maximal dry matter intake (DMI) for an equine during peak lactation?

3% of body weight

13

What is the most common feeding strategy for equines?

Batch feeding

  • Hay and grain in morning
  • Hay and grain in evening
  • Not the natural way
  • Low amount of water ingested
  • Feces dry

14

Textured feeds often have __________ added to them for increased palatability and to reduce dust

Textured feeds often have molasses added to them for increased palatability and to reduce dust

15

What are some problems associated with high concentrate diets?

  • Too much delivery of starch to LI
  • Fermented

    • Diarrhea, colic and laminitis as for fructans

16

Mucosal damage occurs with bacterial change as a result of ___________

Mucosal damage occurs with bacterial change as a result of grain overload

17

Why would we want to avoid tall fescue?

  • Less palatable
  • Does not recover well
  • Fungus present in fescue

    • Possible toxicity especially to pregnant mares

18

__________ are the storage carbohydrate of growing grasses

fructans are the storage carbohydrate of growing grasses

Oligosaccharides of fructose

19

Why are fructans dangerous for equines?

  • Not digested by mammalian enzymes
  • Escape SI digestion
  • Rapidly fermented in LI (Produce lactic acid, lower pH --> inflammation of gut wall)
  • Approximately twice as dangerous as starch

20

Inflammation of laminae of hoof wall is known as __________

laminitis

21

The NSC content of hay can be reduced by ~ 30% by _______________

The NSC content of hay can be reduced by ~ 30% by soaking in water for 30 to 60 minutes

22

NSC above ___% may contribute to issues in problem horses

NSC above 12% may contribute to issues in problem horses

23

Identify this plant.

Alsike (Ladino) Clover

24

What are some problems associated with Alsike (Ladino) Clover

Unlike white clover, stem is erect

  • Linked to development of liver disease in horses
    • ​Nervous signs (hepatic encephalopathy)
    • wasting
    • Photosensitization

25

Identify this plant.

Red Clover

26

What are some problems associated with Red Clover?

  • Occasionally contaminated with fungus

    • Rhizoctonia leguminicola

  • ​Produces slaframines

    • ​Slobbering

    • Piloerection

    • Respiratory Distress

  • Toxin slowly degraded during storage of hay

  • Also a source of phytoestrogens

27

Nutrient requirements of equines are based on: 

  • Type of horse
  • Age
  • Current body weight and condition
  • Physiologic state

28

For an 1100 lb (500 kg) horse, the energy requirement for maintenance is: 

~16.4 Mcal

= 1.4 + (0.03*Body weight in kg)

= 1.4 +(0.03*500)

 

29

Quiet hacking 1-3 times a week, light schooling, occasional competitions etc. is considered what type of work?

light work

30

Daily hacking 1-2 hours or 30-60 minutes schooling, riding club competitions etc. is considered what type of work?

moderate work