Final Exam [INCOMPLETE] Flashcards Preview

Anatomy of Birds > Final Exam [INCOMPLETE] > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam [INCOMPLETE] Deck (260)
Loading flashcards...
1

Supraoccipital Bone

2

Parietal Bone

3

Frontal Bone

4

Exoccipital Bone

5

Nasal bone

6

Premaxillary Bone

7

Maxillary Bone

8

Lacrimal Bone

9

Jugal Bone

10

Quadratojugal Bone

11

Supraoccipital Bone

12

Lacrimal Bone

13

Parietal Bone

14

Premaxillary Bone

15

Frontal Bone

16

Nasal Bone

17

Maxillary Bone

18

Jugal Bone

19

Quadrate Bone

20

Interorbital Septum

21

Basioccipital Bone

22

Basisphenoid Bone

23

Palatine Bone

24

Squamosal Bone

25

The Articular Surface for the Mandible is found on the...

Articular Bone

26

4

Pterygoid Bone

27

Urohyale

28

Paraglossum

29

Epihyale

30

Ceratohyale

31

Basihyale

32

What is shown?

The Hyobranchial Apparatus

33

Notarium

34

Unicate Process

35

Synsacrum

36

Pygostyl

37

Sternum

38

Sternal Rostrum

39

Craniolateral Process

40

Lateral Trabecula / Thoracic Process

41

Median Trabecule

42

Carina

43

Intermediate Trabecule / Abdominal Process

44

Clavicle / Furcula

45

Scapula

46

Coracoid Bone

47

Triosseal Canal

48

Humerus

49

Ulna

50

Radius

51

Radial Carpal Bone

52

Ulnar Carpal Bone

53

Carpometacarpus

54

Ossa Digitorum Manus

55

Renal Fossa

56

Preacetabular Wing of the Ilium

57

Postacetabular Wing of Ilium

58

Wing of Ischium

59

Ilioischiadic Foramen

60

Ischiopubic Window

61

Obturator Foramen

62

Acetabulum, Acetabular Foramen, Antitrochanter

63

Patella

64

Ossa Digitorum Pedis

65

Tarsometatarus

66

Fibula

67

Tibiotarsus

68

Femur

69

Number of Vertebrae in the Bird

Cervical: 13

Thoracic: 7

Lumbar + Sacral: 14

Coccygeal: 7

70

Pectoralis Muscle

Downstroke Muscle

71

Supracoracoideus Muscle

Upstroke Muscle

Passes through the canalis triosseus

72

Muscle used in the flexion mechanism of the digits when perching

m. ambiens

73

Gall Bladder

74

Spleen

75

Cloaca

76

Large Intestine

77

Gizzard / Ventriculus

78

Proventriculus

79

Crop

80

Oesophagus

81

Small Intestine

82

Double Caecum

83

Duodenal Loop / Duodenum

84

Pancreas

85

Liver

86

What are the three functions of the Crop?

Store Food

Moisten food

Sometimes Produce Crop Milk

87

What is the function of the Gizzard / Ventriculus?

Mechanical Digestion

Contains small stones

88

Infundibular Cleft

89

Aditus laryngis

Laryngeal Inlet

90

Lingual Papillae

91

Pharyngeal Papillae

92

Palatine Ridge / Palatine Papillae

93

Choana

94

Tongues without intrinsic muscles are...

non-protrudable

Intrinsic muscles are needed in order for the tongue to protrude

95

The crop is absent in...

Ducks, Geese, Owls

96

Crops are usually observed in...

Seed eating birds

97

Pigeons posess prolactin-sensitive epithelial cells in their crops which allow...

Production of crop-milk for chicks

98

The Hepatic peritoneal cavities are bound by the...

Posthepatic Septum

99

A

Stomach, Ventral Surface

100

B

Stomach, Opened Ventrally

101

1

Oesophagus

102

2

Proventriculus

ventriculus glandularis

103

3

Papillae

104

4

Deep Proventricular Glands

105

5

Lumen of Gizzard

106

6

Caudal Blind Sac

107

7

Cranial Blind Sac

108

8

Pyloric Orifice

109

9

Cranioventral Muscle Mass

110

10

Duodenum

111

Proventriculus and Ventriculus

112

M. crassus cranioventralis

containing saccus cranialis

113

M. crassus caudodorsalis

containing saccus caudalis

114

Ventriculus

115

Gastric Isthmus

116

Proventriculus

117

Descending Duodenum

118

Name the Yellow area

Cuticle

cuticula gastris

119

Descending Duodenum

120

Cloaca

121

Colorectum

122

Jejunum

123

Meckel's Diverticulum

yolk duct remnant

124

Which ducts enter the Ascending Duodenum?

Ductus pancreaticus

Ductus coledochus

125

Ileum

126

Urodeum

127

Ductus Deferens

128

Ureter

129

Phallus

130

Vent

131

Coprodeum

132

Coprourodeal Fold

133

Cloacal Bursa

134

Proctodeum

135

Rectum

136

Caudal Mesenteric Artery

137

Caudal Renal Vein

138

Caudal Renal Portal Vein

139

External Iliac Vein

140

Common Iliac Vein

141

Caudal Renal Vein

142

Cranial Renal Vein

143

Cranial Renal Portal Vein

144

Ischiadic Vein

145

Afferent Veins

146

Caudal Mesenteric Vein

147

Interiliac Anastomosis

148

Internal Iliac Vein

149

Median Sacral Artery

150

Descending Aorta

151

Internal Iliac Artery

152

Caudal Renal Artery

153

Ischiadic Foramen

154

Ischiadic Artery

155

Middle Renal Artery

156

External Iliac Artery

157

Efferent Veins

158

Coeliac Artery

159

Cranial Mesenteric Artery

160

Cranial Renal Artery

161

Caudal Vena Cava

162

Renal Portal Valve

163

What is shown?

Proximal Larynx

164

Arythenoid Cartilage

165

Cricoid Cartilage

166

Precricoid Cartilage

167

Trachea Cartilage

fully circular, unlike most mammals

168

Abdominal Air Sac

paired

169

Caudal Thoracic Air Sac

170

Cranial Thoracic Air Sac

171

Lung

172

Clavicular Air Sac

L & R sacs are fused

173

Cervical Air Sac

174

Describe the blood flow furing rest

Blood passes caudally through afferent veins to the kidney

175

Left Brachiocephalic Trunk

176

Right Brachiocephalic Trunk

177

Right Common Carotid Artery

178

Right Cranial Vena Cava

179

Right Atrium

180

Left Subclavian Vein

181

Left Cranial Vena Cava

182

How many cups are found on the right Atrioventricular valve?

1

183

How many cusps are found on the left Atrioventricular valve?

3

184

Where most animals have intercostal arteries, birds have...

Intersegmental Arteries

185

Trachea

186

Syrinx

187

Lung

188

Heart

189

What is shown?

The syrinx

190

Pessulus

191

Interbronchial Ligament

192

Sternotracheal Muscle

193

Which structure is found between the tympanum to the bronchial cartilages?

Lateral Tympaniform Membrane

194

When primary bronchi enter the lung, they are known as...

Mesobronchi

195

Lateral/Medial Tympaniform Membrane

196

Clavicular Air Sac

197

Muscle found along the trachea

Lateral tracheal muscle

198

Which regions of the lung are regarded as 'neopulmo'?

Lateral Dorsal Sector

199

Which regions of the lung are regarded as 'paleopulmo'?

Mediodorsal sector

Medioventral sector

Lateroventral sector

200

What is shown?

Parabronchi

201

With the exeption of the abdominal air sacs, air travels to the air sacs via the...

Secondary Bronchi

202

Which location can fluid be removed and vaccinations be put into a bird?

Infraorbital Sinus

203

Caudal Nasal Concha

204

Rostral Nasal Concha

205

Middle Nasal Concha

206

Middle Renal Division

207

Caudal Renal Division

208

Cranial Renal Division

209

What is the non-protrusible phallus composed of?

Median Phalic Body (Unpaired)

Lateral Phalic Bodies (Paired)

Lymphatic Bodies

210

Gelatinous Body

211

Which nerve is found between the middle and caudal liver sector?

Isciadic Nerve

212

Calamus

213

Proximal Umbilicus

214

Vexillum

215

Rachis

216

Umbilical Barbs

217

Distal Umbilicus

218

The rachis and the calamus form the...

Scapus (Core)

219

Down Feather

220

Give the two types of contour feather

Remiges

Retricies

221

Remiges are...

'Rowing feathers'

222

Retricies are...

'Steering feathers'

tail feathers

223

What kind of feather is found on the head of a bird?

Hair Feathers

224

Which bones is the Furcula made of?

2 clavicular bones

225

Canalis triosseus is composed of...

Furcula

Os Coracoideus

Scapula

226

Which muscle passes through the canalis triosseus?

m. supracoracoideus

227

A furcula is needed in order to...

Fly

228

Can air sacs pass thorugh bones?

Yes

229

True or false, birds have two rows of carpal bone

True

230

True or false: the tarsometatarsal is made of tarsal and metatarsal

False

231

Sinus infraorbitalis is in contact with...

Concha nasalis caudalis

232

The proximal Larynx is composed of...

Cricoid Cartilage

Precricoid Cartilage

Arythenoid Cartilage (Paired)

233

What is the Pessulus?

Connects the tympanic cartilage

First point of bronchial cartilages in the syrinx

234

Which muscle is used in vocalisation of the birds?

m. sternotrachealis

m. trachealis lateralis

235

Give the muscles of the stomach

m. crassus cranioventralis

m. crassus caudodorsalis

236

How many liver lobes do birds have?

2

237

How many gall bladders do birds have?

1

238

How many pancreatic lobes do birds have?

3

239

The aorta of the bird is located on the...

Right

240

Long-flying feathers are called

Anulles?

241

Ventral Side feathers are called

Down Fearthers

242

If the Caudal Renal Portal Vein is closed, blood travels...

Back into the portal system

243

True or false, the portal system is open when the bird is resting

True

244

Is the portal of the kidney seen in non flying birds and flying birds?

Yes

245

Which nerve is found along with the Optic Chiasma?

n. trachialis

246

Name of the dorsal spinal cord

Corpus gelatinosum

247

Which muscle opens the larynx?

m. dilatatom glottitis

248

Which muscle closes the larynx?

m. constrictor glottis

249

Furcula

250

Os coracoideum

251

Scapula

252

What is the function of the supracoracoideus muscle?

Stabilise the wing

253

How many crops do pigeons/doves posess?

2

254

 What is fissure of the brain is characteristic in birds?

Fissura Longitudinale

255

What kind of valves can be found in the left atrioventricular opening of the bird's heart?

3 Cusps

(Tricuspid Valve)

256

Where can you find exactly the corpus gelatinosum?

Between the left and right dorsal funiculi of the lumbosacral spine

257

divisio renalis media

258

The renal portal valve is...during rest

Closed

259

Can renal portal circulation be found in non-flying birds?

Yes

260

Central Tendon