Final Exam - Pseudomonas to Rickettsia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam - Pseudomonas to Rickettsia Deck (73)
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1

Describe the morphology of Pseudomonas

Gram negative rods, obligate aerobe (cat +/ Oxid -), motile rods, ubiquitous

2

what exotoxins does P. Aeuriginosa have? WHAT DO THEY DO?

T3SS,
Exotoxin A - inhibits prot synthesis
Exotoxin S & T - interferes with phagocytosis by affecting the actin cytoskeleton
Exotoxin U - cytotoxic effect
Exotoxin Y - increases intracellular CAMP to cytopathic levels

3

What bacteria causes kennel cough?

Bordetella bronchiseptica

4

What causes turkey coryza?

Bordetella avium
(tracheobronchitis, sinusisits, conjunctivitis)

5

What causes rabbit syphillis?

treponema paraluiscuniculi

6

What causes fowl Spirochetosis?

Borrelia answerina (chickens - greenish diarrhia)

7

Tularemia is caused by what?

Francissella tularensis

8

Tularemia is spread by what vector?

dermacenter and ambylomma

9

Tularemia is also known as what?

rabbit fever, deer fly fever, lemming fever?

10

Is Tularemia reportable?

Yes

11

Is lyme disease reportable?

only in humans, not in animals

12

Name the vector for lyme disease

ixodes scapularis, ixodes pacificus

13

Name the vector for Borellia Burgdorferi sensu loto

ixodes scapularis, ixodes pacificus (deer tick and western black leg tick), 2 year ticks!

14

What is Ixodes a vector for?

borellia burdorferi -- lyme disease

15

Is chlamydia psittici reportable?

Yes

16

What bacteria causes infectious canine tracheobronchitis

Bordetella bronchiseptica

17

What organisms from Murphy's review cause abortion?

brucella, campylobacter and chlamydia (and Rickettsia)

18

Does taylorella cause abortions?

No, but it does cause a failure to conceive

19

Reproductive and GI problems are associated with what genus of bacteria?

Camplylobacter

20

What two bacteria have cytolethal distending toxin?

helicobacter and campylobacter

21

What's special about chlamydia?

Two phases -- elementary body and reticulate body

22

What is the infective form of chlamydia? Is it metabolically active?

elementary body, metabolically inactive

23

How does chlamydia infect other cells once inside a host cell?

inside a cell it becomes metabolically active reticulate body, makes more elementary bodies to be released from host cell and infect other cells

24

What are important pathogen characteristics of helicobacter?

cytolethal distending toxin, lives in stomach, produces urease to make ammonia and neutralize stomach acid

25

A dog comes into your clinic with a nasty skin/ear infection. On a gram stain you see WBC's and G- cocci. What org comes to mind?

staphylococcus

26

A dog comes into your clinic with a nasty skin/ear infection. On a gram stain you see WBC's and G+ cocci. What org comes to mind?

streptococcus

27

A dog comes into your clinic with a nasty skin/ear infection. On a gram stain you see WBC's and G- rods. What orgs come to mind?

pseudomonas, e. coli

28

What causes Glanders?

Burkholderia mallei

29

What causes pseudoglanders?

Burkholderia pseudomallei

30

What causes myleidosis

Burkholderia pseudomallei