Flashcards in Final Exam - Pseudomonas to Rickettsia Deck (73)
Describe the morphology of Pseudomonas
Gram negative rods, obligate aerobe (cat +/ Oxid -), motile rods, ubiquitous
what exotoxins does P. Aeuriginosa have? WHAT DO THEY DO?
Exotoxin A - inhibits prot synthesis
Exotoxin S & T - interferes with phagocytosis by affecting the actin cytoskeleton
Exotoxin U - cytotoxic effect
Exotoxin Y - increases intracellular CAMP to cytopathic levels
What bacteria causes kennel cough?
What causes turkey coryza?
(tracheobronchitis, sinusisits, conjunctivitis)
What causes rabbit syphillis?
What causes fowl Spirochetosis?
Borrelia answerina (chickens - greenish diarrhia)
Tularemia is caused by what?
Tularemia is spread by what vector?
dermacenter and ambylomma
Tularemia is also known as what?
rabbit fever, deer fly fever, lemming fever?
Is Tularemia reportable?
Is lyme disease reportable?
only in humans, not in animals
Name the vector for lyme disease
ixodes scapularis, ixodes pacificus
Name the vector for Borellia Burgdorferi sensu loto
ixodes scapularis, ixodes pacificus (deer tick and western black leg tick), 2 year ticks!
What is Ixodes a vector for?
borellia burdorferi -- lyme disease
Is chlamydia psittici reportable?
What bacteria causes infectious canine tracheobronchitis
What organisms from Murphy's review cause abortion?
brucella, campylobacter and chlamydia (and Rickettsia)
Does taylorella cause abortions?
No, but it does cause a failure to conceive
Reproductive and GI problems are associated with what genus of bacteria?
What two bacteria have cytolethal distending toxin?
helicobacter and campylobacter
What's special about chlamydia?
Two phases -- elementary body and reticulate body
What is the infective form of chlamydia? Is it metabolically active?
elementary body, metabolically inactive
How does chlamydia infect other cells once inside a host cell?
inside a cell it becomes metabolically active reticulate body, makes more elementary bodies to be released from host cell and infect other cells
What are important pathogen characteristics of helicobacter?
cytolethal distending toxin, lives in stomach, produces urease to make ammonia and neutralize stomach acid
A dog comes into your clinic with a nasty skin/ear infection. On a gram stain you see WBC's and G- cocci. What org comes to mind?
A dog comes into your clinic with a nasty skin/ear infection. On a gram stain you see WBC's and G+ cocci. What org comes to mind?
A dog comes into your clinic with a nasty skin/ear infection. On a gram stain you see WBC's and G- rods. What orgs come to mind?
pseudomonas, e. coli
What causes Glanders?
What causes pseudoglanders?