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Neuro-Optometric Rehab > Final Exam Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Review Deck (36):
1

What is DEM type II?

Increased horizontal time with normal vertical time
High ratio

2

What is DEM type III?

Increased vertical and horizontal time, but normal ratio
*Difficulty in number naming (automaticity)

3

What is DEM type IV?

A combo of II and III

4

What tests are meant for accommodation?

Accommodation amplitude
Accommodation facility
MEM
FCC
NRA/PRA

5

What are the 5 oculomotor tests?

Fixation status
DEM
Pursuits
Saccades
Visagraph

6

What tests are in the PFV group? (convergence)

PFV - smooth, step, facility
NPC
NRA - indirect (plus lenses make eyes diverge, so convergence is required to avoid diplopia)
Accommodation facility (+)
MEM
FCC

7

What test are in the NFV group?

NFV - smooth, step, facility
PRA - indirect
Accommodation facility (-)
MEM
FCC

8

What tests check motor alignment and interaction?

CT
Phorias
FD
AC/A ratio
CA/C ratio

9

What are the 3 areas of Visual Information Processing (VIP)

Visuospatial
Visual analysis
Visuomotor integration

10

What are the 7 visual perceptual skills?

Visual:
1. Discrimination
2. Spatial relationships
3. Memory
4. Form Constancy
5. Sequential Memory
6. Figure ground
7. Closure

11

What is visual discrimination?

Detect differences like shape, patter, color, and size
Needed for reading

12

What are visual spatial relations?

Perceiving relationships of objects in space
Kids who reverse letters often lack this skill

13

What are two important considerations in spatial relationships?

Laterality
Directionality

14

What is visual memory?

Ability to recall images

15

What is visual sequential memory?

Recalling the order of things seen

16

What is visual form constancy?

Recognizing objects by their details and characteristics (a square is always a square, no matter what size)

17

What is visual figure ground?

Perceiving and locating an object in a busy field

18

What is visual closure?

Recognizing an object as a whole when only a part is shown

19

What visual abilities does King-Devick test?

Eye movements for reading
Rapid automated naming

20

When would you use the King-Devick test?

Complaint related to school or reading performance

21

What abilities does Groffman test?

Sustained visual attention
Visual concentration
Figure-ground
Tracking
Eye movements for handwriting

22

When would you use Groffman?

Handwriting problems
Visual attention problems
ADD/ADHD

23

What does Groffman look like?

Basically number to letter line following

24

What abilities does Wold sentence copy test?

Copying skills
Pencil grip/writing posture
Use of space and spatial organization
Fine visual motor development

25

When is Wold used?

When copying is mentioned as a complaint in the history

26

When is DEM used?

Difficulty in oral reading
Slow KD times

27

What abilities does DEM test?

Eye movements for reading
Rapid automated naming

28

What does the Piaget test assess?

Laterality
Directionality

29

When is Piaget used?

Complaint of reversals
Doesn't know directions
Problems with directions
Poor performance on Jordan

30

What does the Beery VMI test?

Visual perception
Spatial organization
Eye-hand coordination

31

When is the Beery VMI test used?

If Wold is not used
Good for lower level performers on paper and pencil tasks

32

What is readalyzer testing for?

Visual mechanics
Fixations, regressions, duration of fixation
Reading speed

33

When is readalyzer/visagraph used?

Complaints about reading, but at least reading at a 3rd grade level
Head injuries

34

What does the Birch-Belmont test probe for?

Visual symbol-sound pattern matching

35

When is Birch-Belmont used?

If vertical DEM is below expected
Spelling problems in history
Speech and language issues
Used to see if there are crossover problems between the two major systems

36

When is TVPS used?

Questions of academic placement/recommendations for placement
When all else looks poor, but you want to see "if the lights are on"
Good for head injury and some non-verbal patients