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Intro to Physical Exam - 2016 > Final Exam Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Review Deck (56)
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1

Irregularly irregular heart rhythm indicates:

atrial fibrillation

2

Ordinarily, the leg pulse should be as strong as the arm. If this is reversed or if the femoral pulsation is absent, what is suspected?

Coarctation of the aorta

3

When auscultated the arteries, sounds should be low-pitched and heart with what part of the stethoscope?

the bell

4

The primary cause of pulsus alternans is:

heart failure

5

Two causes of pulsus bisferiens are:

1. leaking aortic valve 2. hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

6

An unrecognized auscultatory gap may lead to:

serious underestimation of the systolic pressure

7

What are two causes of pulsus paradoxus?

1. pericardial effusion 2. severe asthma

8

Deep breathing due to metabolic acidosis is:

Kussmaul breathing

9

Normal breathing rate is:

14-20 respirations per minute

10

Tachypnea is defined as:

rapid, shallow breathing

11

Hyperventilation, accompanied by rapid, deep breathing, is called what?

Hyperpnea

12

Periods of deep breathing alternating with periods of no breathing is called:

Cheyne-Stokes Breathing

13

The iris should be examined for color and what other aspect?

Presence of arcus senilus

14

Pupillary inequality of

anisocoria

15

Pupillary constriction in the opposite eye is termed a _____ reaction.

consensual

16

Fine, rhythmic oscillation of the eyes is called:

nystagmus

17

White surrounding the iris as the eyes look down is called:

lidlag

18

Absence of a red reflex suggests opacity of the lens, also called what?

A catarract

19

Absence of a red reflex can suggest vitreous, also called what?

blood

20

Blurring of the disc outline suggests:

increased pressure on the brain

21

What are two pieces of evidence for macular degeneration?

1. Increased pigment 2. Increased yellow deposits

22

The _______ is viewed by askng the patient to look directly at the light.

macula

23

What is the center of the macula?

fovea

24

Which type of ear infection will not have pain when the auricle is tugged on?

Middle ear infection

25

In what type of hearing loss is the sound of the tuning fork heard in the impaired ear during the weber test?

Conductive loss

26

In what type of hearing loss is the sound of the tuning fork heard in the good ear during the weber test?

Sensorineural

27

During the Rinne test, what indicates conductive loss?

Sound is heard longer through bone

28

During the Rinne test, what indicates sensorineural loss?

Air sound is heard longer than through bone

29

A bulging, red eardrum indicates:

middle ear infection

30

An amber eardrum indicates:

fluid/alleriges