Irregularly irregular heart rhythm indicates:
Ordinarily, the leg pulse should be as strong as the arm. If this is reversed or if the femoral pulsation is absent, what is suspected?
Coarctation of the aorta
When auscultated the arteries, sounds should be low-pitched and heart with what part of the stethoscope?
The primary cause of pulsus alternans is:
Two causes of pulsus bisferiens are:
1. leaking aortic valve 2. hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
An unrecognized auscultatory gap may lead to:
serious underestimation of the systolic pressure
What are two causes of pulsus paradoxus?
1. pericardial effusion 2. severe asthma
Deep breathing due to metabolic acidosis is:
Normal breathing rate is:
14-20 respirations per minute
Tachypnea is defined as:
rapid, shallow breathing
Hyperventilation, accompanied by rapid, deep breathing, is called what?
Periods of deep breathing alternating with periods of no breathing is called:
The iris should be examined for color and what other aspect?
Presence of arcus senilus
Pupillary inequality of
Pupillary constriction in the opposite eye is termed a _____ reaction.
Fine, rhythmic oscillation of the eyes is called:
White surrounding the iris as the eyes look down is called:
Absence of a red reflex suggests opacity of the lens, also called what?
Absence of a red reflex can suggest vitreous, also called what?
Blurring of the disc outline suggests:
increased pressure on the brain
What are two pieces of evidence for macular degeneration?
1. Increased pigment 2. Increased yellow deposits
The _______ is viewed by askng the patient to look directly at the light.
What is the center of the macula?
Which type of ear infection will not have pain when the auricle is tugged on?
Middle ear infection
In what type of hearing loss is the sound of the tuning fork heard in the impaired ear during the weber test?
In what type of hearing loss is the sound of the tuning fork heard in the good ear during the weber test?
During the Rinne test, what indicates conductive loss?
Sound is heard longer through bone
During the Rinne test, what indicates sensorineural loss?
Air sound is heard longer than through bone
A bulging, red eardrum indicates:
middle ear infection
An amber eardrum indicates: