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Flashcards in Final Exam Study Questions Deck (103)
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1
Q

Give the author and theme of Joshua.

A

Author: Joshua (obituary added by another author)
Theme: Conquering Caanan

2
Q

Give the author and theme of Judges.

A

Author: Unknown; May have been Samuel
Theme: Spiritual decline, defeat, and deliverance

3
Q

Give the author and theme of Ruth.

A

Author: Unknown
Theme: The kinsman redeemer

4
Q

Give the author and theme of 1 & 2 Samuel.

A

Author: Unknown
Theme: The record of the establishment of the Hebrew monarchy

5
Q

Give the author and theme of 1 & 2 Kings.

A

Author: Jeremiah, by Talmudic tradition
Theme: The kingdom united and divided

6
Q

Give the author and theme of Obadiah.

A

Author: Obadiah, 9th century BC
Theme: The destruction of Edom and rise of Israel

7
Q

Give the author and theme of Joel.

A

Author: Joel, 9th century BC
Theme: Divine judgment in the day of the LORD, pictured by a locust plague

8
Q

Give the author and theme of Jonah.

A

Author: Jonah, 8th century BC
Theme: God’s grace to the Gentiles

9
Q

Give the author and theme of Amos.

A

Author: Amos, 8th century BC
Theme: Judgment on sin

10
Q

Give the author and theme of Hosea.

A

Author: Hosea, 8th century BC
Theme: God’s covenant love

11
Q

Give the author and theme of Micah.

A

Author: Micah, 8th century BC
Theme: Judgment and restoration

12
Q

Give the author and theme of Isaiah.

A

Author: Isaiah, 8th-7th century BC
Theme: The salvation of the LORD by grace

13
Q

Give the author and theme of Nahum.

A

Author: Nahum, 7th century BC
Theme: Nineveh’s doom

14
Q

Give the author and theme of Zephaniah.

A

Author: Zephaniah, 7th century BC
Theme: The day of the LORD

15
Q

Give the author and theme of Habakkuk.

A

Author: Habakkuk, 7th-6th century BC
Theme: From doubt to faith; the just shall live by faith

16
Q

Give the author and theme of Jeremiah.

A

Author: Jeremiah, 7th-6th century BC
Theme: Warning and judgment

17
Q

Give the author and theme of Lamentations.

A

Author: Jeremiah, 6th century BC
Theme: Lament over the fallen Jerusalem

18
Q

Give the author and theme of Ezekiel.

A

Author: Ezekiel, 6th century BC
Theme: Judgment and glory

19
Q

Give the author and theme of Daniel.

A

Author: Daniel, 6th century BC
Theme: Rise and fall of kingdoms

20
Q

Give the author and theme of 1 & 2 Chronicles.

A

Author: Ezra, 5th century BC
Theme: Purposeful history

21
Q

Give the author and theme of Ezra and Nehemiah.

A

Author: Ezra with Nehemiah’s memoirs, 5th century BC
Theme: Restoration of the people to the land, the walls, the city, the temple, and the spiritual law

22
Q

Give the author and theme of Esther.

A

Author: Possibly Mordecai, 5th century BC
Theme: The providence of God

23
Q

Give the author and theme of Haggai.

A

Author: Haggai, 6th century BC
Theme: Rebuilding the temple

24
Q

Give the author and theme of Zechariah.

A

Author: Zechariah, 5th-6th century BC
Theme: The advent of the Messiah

25
Q

Give the author and theme of Malachi.

A

Author: Malachi, 5th century BC
Theme: A rebuke of superficial religion

26
Q

Give the author and theme of Job.

A

Author: Unknown; likely a non-Israelite prior to Moses’ time
Theme: The problem of suffering among the righteous

27
Q

Give the author and theme of Psalms.

A

Author: Several authors between 1020 and 975 BC
Theme: Many themes

28
Q

Give the author and theme of Proverbs.

A

Author: Solomon, Agur, and King Lemuel; 10th century BC
Theme: To promote practical wisdom

29
Q

Give the author and theme of Ecclesiastes.

A

Author: Solomon, 10th century BC
Theme: Man’s reasoning; vanity of vanities

30
Q

Give the author and theme of Song of Solomon.

A

Author: Solomon, 10th century BC
Theme: The love of Solomon for his Shulamite bride, and her deep affection for him

31
Q

Who were the Habiru?

A

A reference to the Hebrew army under Joshua’s command in the ancient Egyptian diplomatic Amarna correspondence (discovered in 1887)

32
Q

Discuss the concept of the kinsman redeemer in Ruth.

A

The kinsman redeemer is a type of the Messiah.

  1. KR must be a blood relative - Christ as a man was a near relative.
  2. KR must have the money to purchase the forfeited inheritance - Christ was sinless.
  3. KR must be willing to buy back the forfeited inheritance - Christ was willing to die.
  4. KR must be willing to marry the wife of the deceased kinsman - Jesus will take the church as His bride.
33
Q

Explain the effect that accession year and nonaccession year has on dating the reigns of Israel’s kings.

A

Accession year: First year of reign not considered, even if it begins on the first day of the year.
Nonaccession year: First year counts as the first year of reign, even if it begins on the last day of the year.
Up to two years difference in dating the reigns of the kings can be reconciled.

34
Q

Justify the command of God to exterminate the Canaanites.

A
  1. The Canaanites were exceedingly wicked, given over to the most degenerate forms of polytheism and sexual immorality.
  2. Their practices would influence Israel.
35
Q

Discuss the views of the sacrifice of Jephthah’s daughter.

A

Jephtah did not sacrifice his daughter in Judges 11:30-31, 39. He gave his daughter over to temple service. She mourned her perpetual virginity, not approaching loss of life.

36
Q

Discuss the nature of Hebrew prophecy.

A

Hebrew prophecy is an oral or written disclosure by men transmitting the revelation of God and His will to man.

37
Q

Discuss the nature of the prophetic office.

A

Three kinds of prophets:
1. Nabhi -
Spoke forth the truth of God. First a forthteller, then a foreteller (of the future).
2. Seer -
Hebrew chozeh or ro’eh. One who sees issues from God’s perspective, and proclaims what he has seen.
3. The man of God -
A title for one who belonged to God and was trusted with His message. Never a false prophet.

38
Q

Discuss the problem concerning Hosea marrying an unchaste woman.

A

God commanded Hosea to marry an adulterous woman as a picture of how Israel belonged to God but had turned away from Him. The issue is, would God command a prophet to marry a prostitute? 3 views: 1.This was a parable and not real. 2. Hosea actually married a prostitute. 3. Hosea married a woman who became unfaithful, and Hosea was writing after the fact, looking back.

39
Q

Explain the traditional view that Isaiah has one author.

A
  1. The stylistic differences in Isaiah can be attributed to Isaiah maturing, and the different subject matter between chapters 1-39 (judgment) and 40-66 (grace).
  2. Isaiah’s predictive prophecy of Cyrus the Great is not an issue because such prophecy is an essential biblical feature, such as Micah 5:2 concerning Jesus’ birth in Bethlehem.
  3. Isaiah’s sole authorship is supported by Jesus in the New Testament, especially John 12:38-41.
40
Q

Discuss God’s answers to Habbakuk’s perplexing questions.

A
  1. Why would God allow evil in Judah? Answer: God would raise up Babylon.
  2. Why would God use an even more wicked nation than Judah? Answer: Hab. 2:4: The just shall live by faith.
41
Q

Explain the fulfillment of Ezekiel 40-48 from a premillennial viewpoint.

A

The temple in these passages is a future/millennial temple. The sacrifices will be symbolic, much as the Lord’s Supper is symbolic to us today.

42
Q

Discuss Belshazzar’s co-regency with his father Nabonidus.

A

Critics argue that there was no known king in secular history named Belshazzar. Belshazzar was a co-regent, or second ruler under his father Nabonidus. Belshazzar offered to make Daniel the third ruler in Babylon (Dan 5:16) because he (Belshazzar) was the second.

43
Q

Who was Darius the Mede?

A

A governor named Gubaru, subordinate to Cyrus. W. F. Albright suggests that the name “Darius” may have been a title like “Ceasar.”

44
Q

Why are there discrepancies between the numbers given in the parallel passages of Numbers and Chronicles?

A

They can be attributed to round number estimates by copyists, or the translating of numbers expressed by alphabetic letters.

45
Q

Even though the name of God is absent from the book of Esther, why is it still considered canonical?

A

It still has spiritual value since it shows God’s provision for His people even in captivity.

46
Q

What is parallelism in Hebrew poetry?

A

Balancing thoughts or phrases with corresponding thoughts or phrases containing almost the same number of words, or a similar idea.

47
Q

What are the three major types of parallelism in Hebrew poetry? Give an example of each.

A

Synonymous - second line generally repeats the first. Ps. 24:1 -
The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof;
The world, and they that dwell therein.

Antithetical - second line contrasts the first. Ps. 1:6:
For the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous;
But the way of the ungodly shall perish.

Synthetic - second line adds to or constructs the first. Ps. 2:6:
Yet have I set my king
Upon Zion my holy hill.

48
Q

Give the five divisions of the Psalms. Why were they divided?

A
They were perhaps divided to correspond with the five books of the Torah.
I. Psalms 1-41 belong to David
II. 42-72
III. 73-89
IV. 90-106
V. 107-150
49
Q

Who was the first of the former (pre-exilic) prophets?

A

Joshua

50
Q

What is the Hexateuch?

A

Some include the book of Joshua with the Pentateuch.

51
Q

What was the importance of the book of Joshua?

A

It had historical value regarding God and Israel, and devotional value.

52
Q

Where does the name of the book of Judges come from?

A

The gifted executive leaders who delivered and ruled over Israel when the nation was a loose confederacy.

53
Q

What is the five-fold cycle of defeat and deliverance recorded in Judges chapter 2?

A
  1. Spiritual decline: vv. 10ff.
  2. Oppression: vv. 14-15
  3. Repentance: v. 18
  4. Deliverance: v. 16, 18
  5. Rest
54
Q

In Judges, who was Deborah?

A

She was a female judge.

55
Q

Does 2 Sam. 21:19 indicate that Goliath was killed by Elhanan instead of David?

A

No, it was apparently miscopied. 1 Chron 20:5 makes it clear that Elhanan slew the brother of Goliath.

56
Q

Explain the two accounts of Saul being disenfranchised.

A

1 Sam 13:8ff refers to the loss of the dynasty. 1 Sam 15:13-35 refers to the ending of his personal reign.

57
Q

In 1 Sam 28, did the witch of En Dor actually contact the ghost of Samuel the prophet?

A

Yes. Samuel spoke directly to Saul, not through the prophet. Samuel surprised the witch. Samuel showed familiarity with Saul’s situation and gave a prophecy of the future. Samuel also dnounced Saul for disobeying God.

58
Q

What are the provisions of the Davidic covenant (List 5)?

A
  1. David’s unborn child will succeed him and establish the kingdom.
  2. David’s son would build a temple.
  3. The throne of his kingdom is established forever.
  4. The throne would not be taken away from Solomon, though his sins may justify it.
  5. The right to rule would never leave the house of David.
59
Q

What is the character of the Davidic covenant?

A

Everlasting, unconditional, and literal.

60
Q

What are 5 eschatological implications of the Davidic covenant?

A
  1. Israel must be preserved as a nation.
  2. Israel must have a national existence.
  3. David’s Son, Christ Jesus, must return.
  4. Jesus must reign over a literal kingdom.
  5. This kingdom must become an everlasting kingdom.
61
Q

Concerning the prophetic office, what were the three kinds of prophets? Define them.

A

Nabhi -
Spoke forth the truth of God. First a forthteller, then a foreteller (of the future).
Seer -
Hebrew chozeh or ro’eh. One who sees issues from God’s perspective, and proclaims what he has seen.
The man of God
A title for one who belonged to God and was trusted with His message. Never a false prophet.

62
Q

What is the shortest Old Testament book?

A

Obadiah

63
Q

What is the teaching of Obadiah, and what phrase was he the first to use?

A

The Day of the LORD

64
Q

What prophecy does Joel contain in 2:28-32 and what is it’s partial fulfillment?

A

Joel 2:28-32 covers the conversion of Jews in the tribulation. Acts 2 records a partial fulfillment at Pentecost.

65
Q

How is skepticism surrounding Jonah in the belly of a whale/fish overcome?

A

Jesus compares his burial for three days to Jonah’s literal three days in the whale. Matt 12:40.

66
Q

In Jonah, did the Ninevites repent to spiritual salvation or just apologize for wickedness?

A

Likely they repented for their wickedness out of fear of destruction. It was not lasting. They also likely did not regard God as their LORD.

67
Q

What are three answers to the skepticism that Jonah took three days to walk through the small city of Nineveh?

A
  1. Jonah stopped to preach in different parts of the city over three days.
  2. The three days walk included greater Nineveh.
  3. He walked around the city.
68
Q

Was Amos a skilled prophet?

A

No. Amos 7:14 - He was a country preacher from the South, and was not trained in any school of prophecy, though He was called by God.

69
Q

Who was the ruler in Israel during the days of Amos?

A

Jeroboam

70
Q

Describe the problem of Gomer in Hosea.

A

God commanded Hosea to marry an adulterous woman as a picture of how Israel belonged to God but had turned away from Him. The issue is, would God command a prophet to marry a prostitute? 3 views: 1.This was a parable and not real. 2. Hosea actually married a prostitute. 3. Hosea married a woman who became unfaithful, and Hosea was writing after the fact, looking back.

71
Q

What was the major prophecy relating to the gospels found in Micah?

A

Birth place of Christ predicted in Micah 5:2

72
Q

What does the name “Zephaniah” mean?

A

“Jehovah is hidden”

73
Q

Who was the ruler in Israel when Zephaniah was written?

A

According to 1:1, Josiah

74
Q

What New Testament scripture references Hab. 2:4 - “The just shall live by faith.”?

A

Romans 1:17

75
Q

What is significant about the LXX version of Jeremiah?

A

It is 1/8 shorter than the Masoretic text.

76
Q

What is the story behind the new heart given to Israel in Ezekiel 36:26ff

A

God was talking about Israel’s restoration for the sake of His name which they profaned among the nations.

77
Q

What were the dry bones representative of in Ezk. 37?

A

Israel and their rejection of/apathy toward God.

78
Q

What does Daniel’s name mean?

A

“God is judge.”

79
Q

What kingdoms do the statue in Dan 2 and the beasts in Dan 7 represent?

A

Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome - the history of the Gentiles, far in the future for Daniel.

80
Q

What are the seventy weeks in Dan 9?

A

Seventy sevens or heptads of years. 490 years.

81
Q

What happened after 69 heptads of years according to Daniel?

A

Messiah was cut off. Jerusalem temple was destroyed in AD 70 by Titus of Rome.

82
Q

What does Daniel’s 70th week typify?

A

The future arrival of the antichrist.

83
Q

Are the 490 years in Daniel consecutive?

A

No. 483 years are accounted for, and the last seven will be the tribulation (Matt 24). Currently we are in a gap called the church age.

84
Q

Were 1 & 2 Chronicles originally one book?

A

Yes

85
Q

Were Ezra and Nehemiah originally one book or two?

A

One.

86
Q

What is Ezra’s connection to Nehemiah, according to tradition?

A

Nehemiah had a library that Ezra could have used for recording Israel’s history in Chronicles.

87
Q

In Esther, how was the Persian decree to exterminate the Jews overcome when it was unchangeable?

A

It was overridden by another decree.

88
Q

Give three books of the Bible that are examples of apocalyptic literature.

A

Zechariah, Daniel, and Revelation

89
Q

What is the major teaching of Malachi and what is it’s main point?

A

Tithing and the blessing that comes from giving to the Lord.

90
Q

What are three characteristics of Hebrew poetry?

A
  1. Rhyme was not characteristic of Hebrew poetry.
  2. Hebrew poetry was not fiction.
  3. Hebrew poetry demonstrated a balance of thought.
91
Q

What are the three wisdom books?

A

Proverbs, Job, and Ecclesiastes

92
Q

What was the concern of wisdom literature?

A

The practical rather than the speculative, similar to the Greeks.

93
Q

Are the psalm titles reliable scripture?

A

No. They help introduce the psalm, but they were not inspired. They were likely added later.

94
Q

What are imprecatory psalms?

A

Prayers for the defeat of enemies.

95
Q

What are penance psalms?

A

Psalms of repentance.

96
Q

What are Messianic psalms? Give examples.

A

Psalms about the coming Messiah. Pss. 110 and 22.

97
Q

What are liturgical psalms? Give examples.

A

Psalms of worship. Ps. 120-124 (Songs of ascent)

98
Q

When did the events in Job take place?

A

Likely before the time of Moses, making Job the oldest book in the Bible. There are several views, however, and it is difficult to know which is correct.

99
Q

What argument from Scripture do critics raise against Solomon’s authorship? Refute it.

A

Verse 1:16 says Solomon was more wise than all before him in Jerusalem, but there was only one other king in Jerusalem - David. However, the text does not specify kings, but rather all wise men.

100
Q

What is the allegorical interpretation of Song of Solomon?

A

Solomon was identified with Jehovah or Christ, and the Shulamite was identified with Israel. A spiritual counterpart is required for every physical detail, which should be objectionable when you consider comparing Solomon’s lifestyle with Jesus Christ.

101
Q

What is the literal interpretation of Song of Solomon?

A

The book is nothing more than a secular love song, serving to demonstrate proper martial love versus polygamous perversions. Solomon’s lifestyle and his harem do not support this, but maybe for a short period he was faithful and learned true love.

102
Q

What is the typical interpretation of Song of Solomon?

A

The author intends the couple to typify Jehovah’s love for His people, and foreshadow Christ’s relationship with His Church. Unlike the allegorical view, each detail is not required to have a spiritual counterpart.

103
Q

Concerning Song of Solomon, what is the Shepherd Hypothesis?

A

A second male character (a country shepherd) is the true suitor of the Shulamite rather than Solomon who would be less faithful. Certain passages would be the shepherd speaking while others would be Solomon, but there is no obvious break in the text to indicate different characters.