Final Exam Terms (weeks 6-12) Flashcards Preview

Intro to Human Development and Family Studies > Final Exam Terms (weeks 6-12) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Terms (weeks 6-12) Deck (52)
Loading flashcards...
1

Growth

Increase in physical size.

2

Development

Acquisition of skills and function.

3

Maturation

Total process in which skills and potentials emerge regardless of practice or training.

4

Physical Development

Body size and functions, appearance, motor development, physical health.

5

Cognitive Development

Thought processes and intellectual abilities.

6

Social and Emotional Development

Interpersonal skills, formation and maintenance of relationships, self-knowledge, emotions, temperament/personality.

7

What are the child periods of development?

Prenatal period (conception to birth), infancy and toddlerhood (birth to 2/3), early childhood (3-6), middle childhood (6/7-11).

8

What are the adult periods of development?

Adolescence (11-early 20s), young adulthood (early 20s - 40s), middle adulthood (early 40s to 60s), late adulthood (65+).

9

Prenatal Period Problems

Baby is too small/large, postpartum depression, smoker in the house.

10

Infancy Problems

Abuse, Trust v. Mistrust, malnutrition, neglect, brain damage.

11

Early Childhood Problems

Malnutrition, speech issues, not dependent/too dependent, memorization, understanding emotions.

12

Middle Childhood Problems

Gender Identity, puberty, problem-solving skills, bullying.

13

Characteristics of Development

A lifelong continuous process, orderly manner/follows a certain sequence, production of interaction and environment, implies growth/change.

14

Theory

Set of assumptions, principles, propositions, or interrelated concepts that explain and predict behavior or events.

15

How are theories helpful?

Framework for organizing and interpreting the information that is acquired, a basis for designing prevention and remedial strategies, a basis for identifying problems, problem-solving alternatives, and interventions.

16

Psycho-Sexual Theory Basic Assumptions

-Painful experiences during early childhood buried in the unconscious.
-The unconscious is the key to understanding behavior.
-Sigmund Freud

17

Unconscious

Thoughts, feelings, motives, impulses, and events that are kept out of awareness.

18

Three Main parts of Freud's Stages

A physical focus, a psychological theme, fixation.

19

A Physical Focus

Where the child's energy is concentrated from where gratification is obtained.

20

A Psychological Theme

Related to both the physical focus and the demands made on the child by the outside world as the child develops.

21

Fixation

Being stuck in a particular stage.

22

Psycho-sexual theory's stages

oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital.

23

Oral

(0-18 months) Pleasure centers on the mouth.

24

Anal

(18-36 months) Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control.

25

Phallic

(3-6 years) Pleasure zone is the genitals (Oedipus/Electra complexes)

26

Latency

(6 to puberty) Dormant sex feelings.

27

Genital

(puberty on) Maturation of sexual interests.

28

Oral Stage Fixations

Too Much: Oral receptive traits (dependent), oral aggressive traits
Too Little: Oral retentive traits (overeating)

29

Anal Stage Fixations

Strict: Anal retentive traits (obsessively clean)
Lax: Anal expulsive traits (poor organizations)

30

Id

"The Demanding Child" (0-3 years)
-Primary resource of energy and instincts
-Ruled by pleasure principle
-Never matures