Flashcards in Final Exam Terms (weeks 6-12) Deck (52)
Increase in physical size.
Acquisition of skills and function.
Total process in which skills and potentials emerge regardless of practice or training.
Body size and functions, appearance, motor development, physical health.
Thought processes and intellectual abilities.
Social and Emotional Development
Interpersonal skills, formation and maintenance of relationships, self-knowledge, emotions, temperament/personality.
What are the child periods of development?
Prenatal period (conception to birth), infancy and toddlerhood (birth to 2/3), early childhood (3-6), middle childhood (6/7-11).
What are the adult periods of development?
Adolescence (11-early 20s), young adulthood (early 20s - 40s), middle adulthood (early 40s to 60s), late adulthood (65+).
Prenatal Period Problems
Baby is too small/large, postpartum depression, smoker in the house.
Abuse, Trust v. Mistrust, malnutrition, neglect, brain damage.
Early Childhood Problems
Malnutrition, speech issues, not dependent/too dependent, memorization, understanding emotions.
Middle Childhood Problems
Gender Identity, puberty, problem-solving skills, bullying.
Characteristics of Development
A lifelong continuous process, orderly manner/follows a certain sequence, production of interaction and environment, implies growth/change.
Set of assumptions, principles, propositions, or interrelated concepts that explain and predict behavior or events.
How are theories helpful?
Framework for organizing and interpreting the information that is acquired, a basis for designing prevention and remedial strategies, a basis for identifying problems, problem-solving alternatives, and interventions.
Psycho-Sexual Theory Basic Assumptions
-Painful experiences during early childhood buried in the unconscious.
-The unconscious is the key to understanding behavior.
Thoughts, feelings, motives, impulses, and events that are kept out of awareness.
Three Main parts of Freud's Stages
A physical focus, a psychological theme, fixation.
A Physical Focus
Where the child's energy is concentrated from where gratification is obtained.
A Psychological Theme
Related to both the physical focus and the demands made on the child by the outside world as the child develops.
Being stuck in a particular stage.
Psycho-sexual theory's stages
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital.
(0-18 months) Pleasure centers on the mouth.
(18-36 months) Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control.
(3-6 years) Pleasure zone is the genitals (Oedipus/Electra complexes)
(6 to puberty) Dormant sex feelings.
(puberty on) Maturation of sexual interests.
Oral Stage Fixations
Too Much: Oral receptive traits (dependent), oral aggressive traits
Too Little: Oral retentive traits (overeating)
Anal Stage Fixations
Strict: Anal retentive traits (obsessively clean)
Lax: Anal expulsive traits (poor organizations)