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Flashcards in Final Exam_Terms Deck (25)
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1

basilica

a longitudinal, hall-like building with a tall central roof area

2

platonic love

the matching of souls; perfect love; not romantic

3

plaster casts

a copy made in plaster of another 3D form

4

sfumato

Italian term for "smoky", used for the method developed by Leonardo da Vinci of modeling figures by virtually imperceptible gradations from light to dark

5

Santa Maria delle Graize, Milan

(Dominican monastery) (Holy Mary of Grace) a church that contains the mural of The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci

6

institution of the Eucharist

this happens at the moment of the Last Supper, when Jesus says the bread is his flesh and the wine his blood.

7

cartoon

a preparatory design, drawing, or painting on one or more sheets of heavy paper

8

Petrine succesion

the handing down of the throne of St. Peter, the first Pope

9

cardinal

highest ranking members of the Catholic church. They elect the pope.

10

Donation of Constantine

a forged Roman imperial degree by which the 4th century emperor Constantine the Great supposedly transferred authority over Rome and western part the Roman Empire to the Pope

11

indulgences

Catholics could buy these to get their sins wiped away. Big among the pilgrimage circuit in Rome.

12

Papal Chapel

a group that met regularly in the Sistine Chapel for services—the pope, leading cardinals and ambassadors.

13

lunettes

an arched aperture or window, especially one in a domed ceiling

14

typology

the study and interpretation of types and symbols in the Bible

15

sibyls

Greek and Roman prophetesses who were though to have foretold the coming of Christ; they are identified by their location

16

ignudi

in the nude

17

Stanza della Segnatura

library and meeting room for the Segnatura Gratiae et Iustitiae (highest court of law in the Roman Catholic Church)

18

Figures in School of Athens include:

Euclid (Geometry), Ptolemy (Geography), Zoroaster (Astronomy), Plato (deductive philosophy), Aristotle (inductive philosophy), Heraclitus (philosopher of flux and melancholy)

19

Mannerism

reaction to the perfection of Renaisance; can't improve the current style so artist take the style a different direction: a more artificial style

20

intercessor figure

a person who intervenes on behalf of another, especially by prayer

21

The High Renaissance

The period known as the High Renaissance roughly spans the four decades from 1490 to the sack of Rome in 1527. It represents the accepted apogee of Renaissance art - the period when the ideals of classical humanism were fully implemented in both painting and sculpture, and when painterly techniques of linear perspective, shading and other methods of realism were mastered

22

Salvator Mundi

a painting of Christ as Salvator Mundi (Latin for Savior of the World) by Leonardo da Vinci, dated to c. 1500
Only recently acknowledged as a real Leonardo da Vinci

23

disegno-colore debate

disegno - the emphasis on precise figure drawing in Florentine and Roman art
paint need lines to express figure vs paint needs color to express figure

24

impasto

raised brushstrokes of thick paint; thick blobby paint

25

maniera

used by art historians to define a sophisticated, artificial and refined style during 16th century