Flashcards in Final Exam_Terms Deck (25)
a longitudinal, hall-like building with a tall central roof area
the matching of souls; perfect love; not romantic
a copy made in plaster of another 3D form
Italian term for "smoky", used for the method developed by Leonardo da Vinci of modeling figures by virtually imperceptible gradations from light to dark
Santa Maria delle Graize, Milan
(Dominican monastery) (Holy Mary of Grace) a church that contains the mural of The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci
institution of the Eucharist
this happens at the moment of the Last Supper, when Jesus says the bread is his flesh and the wine his blood.
a preparatory design, drawing, or painting on one or more sheets of heavy paper
the handing down of the throne of St. Peter, the first Pope
highest ranking members of the Catholic church. They elect the pope.
Donation of Constantine
a forged Roman imperial degree by which the 4th century emperor Constantine the Great supposedly transferred authority over Rome and western part the Roman Empire to the Pope
Catholics could buy these to get their sins wiped away. Big among the pilgrimage circuit in Rome.
a group that met regularly in the Sistine Chapel for services—the pope, leading cardinals and ambassadors.
an arched aperture or window, especially one in a domed ceiling
the study and interpretation of types and symbols in the Bible
Greek and Roman prophetesses who were though to have foretold the coming of Christ; they are identified by their location
in the nude
Stanza della Segnatura
library and meeting room for the Segnatura Gratiae et Iustitiae (highest court of law in the Roman Catholic Church)
Figures in School of Athens include:
Euclid (Geometry), Ptolemy (Geography), Zoroaster (Astronomy), Plato (deductive philosophy), Aristotle (inductive philosophy), Heraclitus (philosopher of flux and melancholy)
reaction to the perfection of Renaisance; can't improve the current style so artist take the style a different direction: a more artificial style
a person who intervenes on behalf of another, especially by prayer
The High Renaissance
The period known as the High Renaissance roughly spans the four decades from 1490 to the sack of Rome in 1527. It represents the accepted apogee of Renaissance art - the period when the ideals of classical humanism were fully implemented in both painting and sculpture, and when painterly techniques of linear perspective, shading and other methods of realism were mastered
a painting of Christ as Salvator Mundi (Latin for Savior of the World) by Leonardo da Vinci, dated to c. 1500
Only recently acknowledged as a real Leonardo da Vinci
disegno - the emphasis on precise figure drawing in Florentine and Roman art
paint need lines to express figure vs paint needs color to express figure
raised brushstrokes of thick paint; thick blobby paint