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Flashcards in First half Deck (106)
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1

Gattamelata (Erasmo da Narni)

Artist: Donatello
Date: 1443-53
Location: Piazza del Santo, Pagua
Description: Depicts a condottiere. The Statue looks down at the viewers from above

2

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

Date: c.176 CE
Location: Capitoline Hill, Rome
Description: Statue survived due to being mistaken for a statue Constanople

3

monument

a statue, building, or other structure erected to commemorate a notable person or event

4

condottiere

Italian term meaning mercenary military leader; such as Gattamelata

5

triumphal arch

a monumental structure in the shape of an archway with one or more arched passageways

6

bronze

a work of art, as a statue, statuette, bust, or medal, composed of bronze

7

Florence

Important city for art; 40 painter workshops; 40 goldsmith shops

8

Bird's-Eye View of Venice

Artist: Jacopo de' Barbari
Date: 1500
Description: Shows the basic layout and important buildings but not meant to be used as a map

9

Procession in Piazza San Marco

Artist: Gentile Bellini
Location: Accademia, Venice
Date: 1496

10

Piaziatta comumns:
1. Title: St. Theodore
2. Title: Lion of St. Mark

Date: 12th / early 13th century
1. head: Greek (c. third century BCE); torso and armor: Roman (c. second century BCE); everything else: Venetian (early fourteenthcentury); marble with some bronze (original composite sculpture now moved into Doge’s Palace Courtyard)
2. lion’s body and tip of the tail: Anatolian (from central Turkey), 7th-6th century BCE wings and other parts in white: Venetian, 13th century

11

medieval period

lasted from 5th to the 15th century. Merged into the Renaissance.
• Early Christian (3rd-5th centuries)
• Early Byzantine (late 5th century-early 13th century)
• Romanesque period (c. 1000-late 12th century)
• Gothic Period (late 12th century-early 15th century)

12

commune (city state)

a community that shares similar beliefs and values

13

Piazza San Marco

the principal public square of Venice, Italy, generally known as la Piazza

14

icongraphy

the visual images and symbols used in a work of art or the study or interpretation

15

piazzetta

a small square in a city or a small extension to a piazza

16

Transport of St. Mark's Body into the Church of San Marco

Date: early-mid 13th century
Location: St. Mark Church
Description: Mosiac; Image of church in art

17

Four Horses

Date: 2nd century CE
Location: St. Mark Church
Description: brought to Venice after the Fourth Crusade; displayed over the central portal of San Marco; Spoil of War; Sign that the old world is being absorbed into the modern world

18

Venecia/Justice

Date: c.1350

19

Allegory of Good Government

Artist: Ambrogio Lorenzetti
Location: Palazza Pubblico, Siena
Date: 1338-39
Description: Abstract; Shows Virtures

20

Virtues

Wisdom, Justice, Concord (Unity), Peace, Fortitude, Prudence (Wise Caution), Common Good, Faith, Charity, Justice, Moderate, etc.

21

Effect of Good Government

in the City: Flourishes; city growing; good condition
in the Countryside: Safety, growing crops, freely travel

22

relic

a part of a deceased holy person's body or belongings kept as an object of reverence

23

doge

Italian word for the elected head of state in Venice and Genoa

24

spoil of war (spolia)

re-purposed building stone for new construction, or decorative sculpture reused in new monuments

25

patron saint

the protecting or guiding saint of a place or person

26

quatrefoil

the elegant French Gothic shape used, for example, for the first two sets of bronze doors created for the Florentine Baptistery

27

allegory

a picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one

28

virtues (definition)

Divided into the three Theological Virtues of Faith, Hope, and Charity and four Cardinal Virtues of Prudence, Justice, Fortitude and Temperance

29

cathedral

(main civic church) one per city, important events here, important people buried here

30

pilgrimage churches

people come to pay tribute to saint, to learn about their life