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Anterior

Front

1

Posterior

Back

2

Midline

Line drawn vertically through body

3

Medial

Closer to midline

4

Lateral

Away from midline

5

Proxal

Closer to trunk

6

Distal

Away from trunk

7

Superior

Closer to head

8

Inferior

Closer to feet

9

What happens when the diaphragm contracts?

It brings air into the lungs

10

The right atrium....

Receives blood from the veins in the body

11

The left atrium...

Receives blood from the lungs.

12

The right ventricle...

Pumps blood to the lungs.

13

The left ventricle...

Pumps blood throughout body. Most muscular chamber.

14

Where is the radial artery?

The wrist.

15

Where is the carotid artery?

The neck.

16

How many bones does the spine have?

33

17

Smooth muscle?

Involuntary muscle, will unconsciously move.

18

What does the liver produce?

Bile, bile breaks down fat.

19

What does the gallbladder do?

Stores bile.

20

Pancreas...

Are where insulin is produced.

21

Liver and spleen....

Solid organs. Bleed when injured.

22

Appendix and gallbladder...

Hollow organs. Prone to infection.

23

Kidneys..

Filter blood to form urine.

24

What does SAMPLE stand for?

S- signs/symptoms
A-Allergies
M-medication
P-pertinent past history
L-last oral intake
E-events associated w/or leading to situation.

25

Angina Pectoris

Heart pain

26

What are the 4 primary routes of poisoning?

1. Ingestion
2. Inhalation
3. Injection
4. Absorption

27

4 most common snakes?

Rattlesnakes
Copperheads
Cottonmouth
Coral

28

Lightning?

Equals CPR

29

Department of Transportation

National standard of education.

30

Patients assessment is all except..

Family history

31

HIV

Direct contact with infected blood.

32

Hep B

Direct contact with blood.

33

TB

Spread through air.

34

Tendons a

Attach muscle to bone.

35

Ligaments

Attach bone to bone.

36

Patient assessment

Scene size up
Primary assessment
History taking
secondary assessment
Reassessment.

37

Are snake bits fatal?

Snake bites are rarely fatal.

38

What is osteoporosis?

Abnormal brittleness of the bones in elderly people by loss of calcium; affects bone structure easily.

39

Insulin Shock

Condition the occurs in a diabetic who has taken too much insulin or has not eaten enough food.

40

What is the initial treatment for heatstroke?

Remove clothes, ABCs, cool body ASAP, rapid transport.

41

Another name for a stroke?

Cerebral Vascular Accident.

42

Signs and symptoms of a stroke

Worst headache
Unable to speak (Aphasia)
Seizures
Facial droop
Hemiparalysis

43

What are the signs and symptoms of Insulin Shock?

May appear drunk
Pale moist skin
Dizzy
Headache
Unconscious

44

What is diabetic coma?

A state of unconsciousness when the body has too much glucose and not enough insulin.

45

Signs and symptoms of diabetic coma

WARM DRY SKIN
May appear to have cold/flu
Rapid pulse
Deep, rapid breathing.

46

The spine in descending order

Cervical
Thoracic
Lumbar
Sacrum
Coccyx
33

47

Why is the EMS system considered a component of public health?

It is offered to everyone.

48

How do you treat a patient that is siezing?

Remove objects from area
Put something under head.

49

When the diaphragm contracts it..

Brings air into the lungs.

50

Arteries

Carry blood away from the heart

51

Veins

Carry blood back to the heart

52

Capillaries

Smallest vessel, where O2 and CO2 are exchanged.

53

The shoulder girdle

Composed if the scapula, humerus, and collar bone.

54

Upper extremity

Radius, ulna,

55

What is the digestive system responsible for?

Breaking down food.

56

What separates the abdomen from the chest?

Diaphragm.

57

What is flail chest?

A chest injury where 3-4 ribs are broken in 2 or more places, resulting in the chest moving as a free floating agent.

58

What is Atherosclorosis?

A disease characterized by a thickening and destruction if the arterial walls and caused by fatty deposits within them.

59

What is a sign?

A condition you observe, such as bleeding or temp of the skin.

60

What is a symptom?

Something the patient tells you they are experiencing.

61

Signs of death

Decapitation
Rigor Mortis
Tissue decomposition
Dependent Lividity

62

What is a major sign of Congestive Heart Failure?

Difficulty breathing

63

Most important concept in patient care.

Cause no more harm

64

Mechanisms of Injury

Direct force
Indirect force
Twisting force

65

What is the highest chance if transmitting disease?

A cough

66

What is anaphylactic shock?

Caused by an extreme allergic reaction to a foreign substance.

67

What are the signs of Anaphalytic shock?

Rash
Sneezing
Wheezing
Blue lips
Low pulse

68

What is the classic sigh of croop?

A loud, harsh cough.

69

What is a common cause of dementia?

Alzheimer's

70

How to you put a patient in a back board?

Log roll

71

Epiglottitis

Severe inflammation and swelling if the epiglottis

72

Which artery is at the groin?

Femoral

73

Decompression sickness

A condition in which gas, especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in blood vessels, obstructing them.

74

When is limb injury life threatening?

Severe hemorrhage/ excessive bleeding.

75

What is a good landing zone size for a helicopter?

100x100

76

What is a advanced directive?

A legal document that indicates what a person wants done if they cannot make there own medical decisions.

77

Seizures in children are most commonly caused by...

High temperatures.

78

What is the main cause of vomiting and diarrhea in children?

Gastrointestinal infections.

79

The components of Pediatric Assessment Triangle(PAT) are?

1 child's overall appearance
2 the work of breathing
3 circulation of the skin

80

What does cerebral spinal fluid do?

It cushions the brain from direct blows.