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Flashcards in Final Review Deck (8)
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1

What are the 5 woodwind instruments discussed in class?

Flute
Clarinet
Saxophone
Oboe
Bassoon

2

What instruments have an octave key? What does it do? What about a register key?

Saxophone and Oboe have an octave key which raise the pitch of the instrument up an octave
Clarinet has a register key which raises the pitch a 12th
Bassoon has a whisper key (also a "pancake key") which functions similar to an octave key

3

What are the transpositions of the 5 instruments?

Flute—C
Clarinet—Bb
Saxophone (Alto)—Eb
Oboe—C
Bassoon—C

4

Which woodwind instruments have a double reed? What noise does this reed make as opposed to a pure pitch?

Oboe and Basson
Crow

5

What clef do the 5 instruments play in?

Flute—treble
Clarinet—treble
Saxophone (Alto)—treble
Oboe—treble
Bassoon—bass

6

What is the difference between vibrato and tremolo?

Vibrato—pitch variation
Tremolo—volume variation

7

What are some common mistakes when handling woodwind instruments?

Improper hand placement
Posture
Elbows too far/close from body
Instrument held at improper angle
Head tilted/instrument not high enough

8

How to put a clarinet together and play the first note.

Stick the reed in your mouth or in a cup of water so that the wood becomes moist and usable. While the reed is soaking, take the lower joint and the bell and put them together, being carful not to bend any keys. Next, attach the upper joint with the lower joint and align the bridge keys. Take ligature and put it over the mouthpiece, then take the prepared reed and align it with the end of the mouthpiece, leaving just a little bit hanging off the end like a fingernail. Finally, attach the barrel to the mouthpiece and the upper joint.
To play the first note on the clarinet, first you must form your embouchure. Put the mouth over the mouthpiece. The lower lip should curl over the bottom teeth at the point where the mouth and reed meet. Bite down on the top of the mouth piece and close your lips like a draw string bag.