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1

Who is the author 1 John?

John (apostle)

2

Who was first John written to?

believers around Ephesus

3

Date of 1 John?

Late 1st century

4

Who is the author 2 John?

John (the elder)

5

Who was 2 John written to?

The chosen lady and her children

6

Date of 2 John?

Late 1st Century

7

Who is the author of 3 John?

John (the elder)

8

Who was 3 John written to?

Gaius

9

Who is the author of Revelation?

John

10

Where was Revelation written from?

Patmos

11

Date of Revelation?

95AD

12

Theme of 1 John?

Tests of fellowship with God:
faith (Christology)
righteous living
love

13

Theme of 2 John?

Christian love and truth

14

Theme of 3 John

Christian Hospitality

15

Know what Luther thought of revelation

Martin Luther (1522) wrote, “My spirit cannot accommodate itself to this book. There is one sufficient reason for the small esteem in which I hold it – that Christ is neither taught in it nor recognized.”

16

Know about the apocalyptic writings.

• Apokalupto = to unveil, uncover, reveal
• Form of Jewish (15) and Christian (24) writings produced between 200 B.C. and 200 A.D.
• Apocalyptic (literary form) not the same thing as eschatology (doctrine of the end times)
• Crisis literature
• Written in times of social upheaval, political turmoil, uncertainty
• Meant to offer hope and assurance
• What was the situation for Christians at the end of the first century?

17

What are the key features of Apocalyptic literature?

o The message: heavenly mysteries revealed
o The source: angels and heavenly ascents
o The timeline: the present contrasted with the future
o The place: the earthly contrasted with the heavenly
o The judgment: the wicked contrasted with the righteous

18

What did Jude Reference?

- Assumption of Moses
- Apocalypse of Enoch (The Ethiopic Book of Enoch)

19

Know the Triads?

• 3 descriptions of readers
• 3 blessings
• 3 OT examples of punishment
• 3 OT examples of rebellion
• 6 descriptions of false teachers
• 3 more descriptions
• 3 ways to depend on the Trinity
• 3 ways to help others
• 3 attributes of God

20

• 3 descriptions of readers

• Called
• Loved
• Kept

21

• 3 blessings

• Mercy
• Peace
• Love

22

• 3 OT examples of punishment

• Leaving Egypt
• Deserting Angels
• Sodom and Gomorrah

23

• 3 OT examples of rebellion

• Cain
• Balaam
• Korah

24

• 6 descriptions of false teachers

• Blemishes at your love feast
• shepherds who feed only themselves
• clouds without rain
• dead autumn trees
• wild waves
• wandering stars

25

• 3 more descriptions

• People who divide you
• Follow mere natural instincts
• Do not have the Spirit

26

• 3 ways to depend on the Trinity

• build up your faith
• pray in the Holy Spirit
• stay in God’s love

27

• 3 ways to help others

• help doubters
• save others from destruction
• carefully rescue others without being taken down

28

• 3 attributes of God

• Keeps us from falling
• Presents us without fault
• Has great joy

29

False Teachers

- Any one that denies Jesus is the Christ
- Character
- Ungodly people
- pollute own bodies
- reject authority
- insult Angels
- slander what they don’t understand

30

Know about how the books were formatted

1 John- no letter format, tract
2 John-letter
3 John- letter
Jude- letter
Revelation- apocalyptic

31

What does Revelation teach?

• God is sovereign
• Jesus is God the Son
• God’s people are victorious
• Jesus is coming again, and we will be with him forever

32

Know the churches in revelation and who was praised and who was not.

- Ephesus- praised
- Smyrna- praised
- Pergamum- praised
- Thyatira- praised
- Sardis- not praised
- Philadelphia- praised
- Laodicea-not praised

33

What are the 4 visions?

1) Seven Churches
2) Judgement
3) Conquest
4) New Jerusalem

34

Describe 1st vision

Seven Churches
a. Messages to the seven churches

35

Describe the 2nd vision

Judgement
a. Seven seals- trumpets begin after the seventh seal is open
b. Seven trumpets
c. Seven bowls- Seven plagues in the bowls
d. One view is that these are each just one event, unfolded from a different angle

36

What are the seven seals?

1 – Conqueror
2 – Remove Peace/Killing
3 – Economic Pains
4 – Death by Variety
5 – Martyrs’ Question
6 – Natural Disaster
7 – Prayers Answered/Judgment

37

What are the seven trumpets?

1 – Natural Disaster
2 – Unnatural Disaster - 1
3 – Unnatural Disaster – 2
4 – Unnatural Disaster – 3
5 – Demonic Disaster (woe)
6 – Divine Judgment
7 – Earth is the Lord’s

38

What are the seven bowls?

1 – Physical Suffering
2 – Death in the Seas
3 – Water Polluted
4 – Atmosphere Gone
5 – Beast & all punished
6 – Army, demonic influence
7 – “It is Done!”

39

Describe the 3rd vision

3) Conquest
a. The fall of Babylon
b. Worship in Heaven
c. The rider on the white horse
d. Faithful and True
e. The Word of God
f. King of Kings and Lord of Lords
g. 1000 years
h. Great white throne, book of life

40

Describe the 4th vision

3) New Jerusalem
a. Prepared as a bride
b. 12 gates, 12 foundations
c. Perfect cube
d. No temple
e. River of the water of life, tree of life

41

What makes love complete?

Obedience to God

42

Who are John's disciples?

Papias
Polycarp

43

What are some of the strange beings that show up in Revelation?

4 living creatures
Dragon
Beast of the sea
Beast out of the earth
Babylon- woman on the beast
Beast she rode on

44

4 Living creatures

they gave praises to the one on the throne
o Covered with eyes in front and back
o Each had six wings
o 1st like a lion
o 2nd like a ox
o 3rd face like a man
o 4th like a flying eagle

45

Dragon

o Seven heads- seven crowns
o Tail swept 1/3 of the stars from the sky
o Appeared as it would devour the woman’s baby
o Fought against Michael and his angels- lost his place in heaven
o Waged war against the offspring of women

46

Beast of the sea

o Ten horns and seven heads
 Ten crowns on its horns
o Resembled a leopard
 Feet like a bear
 Mouth like a lion
o Got its power from the dragon
o People followed the beast
o Uttered proud words and blasphemed God for 42 days

47

Beast out of the earth

o Two horns like a lamb
o Spoke like a dragon
o Exercised authority of first beast making the world worship the first beast.
o Deceived inhabitants of the earth
o Gave mark of the beast

48

Babylon- woman on the beast

o The Mother of Prostitutes
o The great city that rules over the kings of the earth

49

The beast of Babylon

o Seven heads = seven kings
o Ten horns = kings who will make war against the Lamb
o Bring the prostitute to ruin, eat her flesh and burn her with fire

50

What are the four ways one can interpret revelation?

Preterism
Idealism
Futurism
Historicism

51

Describe Preterism

o Preter- = past
o Revelation describes events that took place in the first century or started then and took time to complete.
o Two views
 It reflects the Jewish revolt and the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem
 Some extend the timeline to the fall of the Roman empire (5th C)

52

Describe Idealism

o Sometimes called the “spiritualist” view
o Revelation describes the continuous struggle between good and evil
o Christ and his followers will eventually triumph

53

Describe Futurism

o Revelation describes a coming time—the end times
o Often based on a dispensationalist view
o A popular interpretation (Left Behind)
o Commitment to a literal interpretation of prophetic Scripture

54

Describe Historicism

o Revelation symbolically predicted events which would occur throughout church history
o Symbols can be related to world events from the apostolic age to the end times
o Once a widespread view, but raises skepticism today (“Christ will return on [insert a date]”)

55

What are the millennium views?

Post millennial view
Amillennial view
Historic Premillennial view
Dispensational Premillenial view

56

Describe the post-millennial view

o We are in the age of the church (millennium) during which the world will be won for Christ through preaching the gospel to all people (Matt. 24:14)
o Christ’s return, the resurrection of the dead, and the final judgment will all come at the end of time
o Optimism concerning human activity

57

Describe the Amillennial view

o There will be no literal thousand-year reign of Jesus on earth – it is the present church age
o Jesus reigns in heaven now, using the spiritual ministry of the church
o Christ’s return, the resurrection of the dead, and the final judgment will all come at the end of time
o Realism concerning human activity

58

Describe the Historic Premillennial view

o Christ’s return and the resurrection of believers precedes a literal millennium
o Christ reigns with the saints on earth for a thousand years before the final judgment

59

Describe the Dispensational Premillennial View

o Believers will be raptured to escape the tribulation
o The purpose of the tribulation is to restore Israel
o Christ returns at the end of the tribulation to reign on earth for a thousand years before the final judgment
o Pessimism concerning human activity

60

Which of the millennial view did Booth believe?

Post millennialism

61

What are the 4 horseman?

• White: bow and crown; conqueror
• Red: sword; power to take peace
• Black: pair of scales; inflated prices
• Pale: rider named Death

62

Describe the New Jerusalem

• Prepared as a bride
• 12 gates, 12 foundations
• Perfect cube, 1,400 miles on each side
• No temple
• River of the water of life, tree of life

63

Name the Heresies

Dualism
Docetism
Cerinthianism
Mysticism
Denial of personal moral responsibility

64

Dualism

o Material is evil
o Spiritual is good

65

Docetism

o View that Jesus only seemed to be human
o View that he could not be both human/material [therefore evil], and divine/spiritual [therefore good], at the same time

66

Cerinthianism

o Made a distinction between Jesus and Christ
 Jesus – earthly man known for piety and wisdom
 Christ – heavenly deity who descended on Jesus at his baptism and departed before the crucifixion

67

Mysticism

o Salvation through spiritual enlightenment

68

- Denial of personal moral responsibility

o Trapped in human bodies for the time being, they should not be held responsible for what their evil, material bodies would do.

69

*What is the shortest book in the New Testament?

2 John

70

What was Gaius commended for?

- Faithfulness of truth
- Love
- Hospitality
- Abiding in truth