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Flashcards in Finals Deck (72)
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1

Qualifications of a senator

1) natural-born citizen
2) at least 35 y/o on the day of election*
3) able to read and write
4) registered voter
5) resident of PH for NOT LESS THAN 2 years, immediately preceding the day of election

*on the day votes are cast
*qualifications CANNOT be added or reduced by Congress

2

Term of senators; when begin; term limitations

6 years
June 30, 12NN (unless otherwise provided by law)
Not more than 2 CONSECUTIVE terms

3

Qualifications of HoR (legislative districts)

1) natural-born citizen
2) at least 25 y/o on the day of election*
3) able to read and write
4) registered voter in district where he shall be elected
5) resident of that district for NOT LESS THAN 1 year, immediately preceding the day of election

*on the day votes are cast
*qualifications CANNOT be added or reduced by Congress

4

Qualifications of HoR (party-list system)

1) natural-born citizen
2) at least 25 y/o on the day of election
3) able to read and write
4) registered voter
5) resident of PH for NOT LESS THAN 1 year, immediately preceding the day of election
6) member of party-list group for AT LEAST 90 DAYS PRECEDING the DAY of election

5

Sectors of Party-list representatives

1) urban poor
2) labor
3) peasant
4) women
5) youth
6) ICCs

*except RELIGIOUS

6

Term of HoR; when begin; term limitations

3 years
June 30, 12nn
Not more than 3 CONSECUTIVE terms

7

Date of session; President

4th MONDAY of JULY, unless diff date is fixed by law

President may call for special session AT ANY TIME

8

How many are required for election of Senate President and Speaker of HoR?

MAJORITY of ALL its members

9

How many for quorum to do business?

MAJORITY of ALL its members

10

How many votes for suspending or expelling a member?

2/3 of ALL its members

11

Limitation on suspension

NOT exceeding 60 days

12

Journals:
(1) what can be excluded
(2) votes for recording of yeas and nays

(1) those affecting national security
(2) 1/5 of members PRESENT

13

Electoral Tribunals
(1) function
(2) how many members?
(3) basis for members

(1) SOLE judge of all CONTESTS relating to ELECTION, RETURNS, QUALIFICATIONS

(2) 9 total
-- 3 justices from SC, designated by CJ (Senior Justice is the Chairman)
-- 6 from Senate/HoR

(3) PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION
--political parties
--registered party-list system

14

Commission on Appointments
(1) who are part, how many members
(2) basis for members
(3) rule for approving appointments

(1) 12 senators, 12 members of HoR + President of Senate as ex-officio chairman

(2) PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION
--political parties
--registered party-list system

(3) within 30 days from submission; MAJORITY vote of ALL members

15

Formation of Com. on Appointments and ET
(1) when constituted
(2) when can CoApp meet

(1) within 30 days AFTER senate and hor have been organized with the ELECTION of Senate President and Speaker

(2) they may meet:
--while Congress is in session
--at call of its Chairman
--MAJORITY vote of ALL its members

16

Declaring a war

2/3 of BOTH
JOINT session
voting SEPARATELY

17

When are emergency powers withdrawn from president?

When exercised?

1) withdrawn by resolution of congress
2) upon adjournment

--times of war
--national emergency

18

what bills should originate from HoR?

1) appropriation
2) revenue or tariff bills
3) bills authorizing increase of public debt
4) bills of local application
5) private bills

19

Who are authorized to augment items in GA law for their respective offices from the SAVINGS in other items in their respective appropriations?

1) President
2) Senate President
3) Speaker
4) Chief Justice
5) heads of Constitutional Commissions

20

Exception to the 3 readings on separate days?

President certifies its necessity to meet:
-- public calamity
-- emergency

21

Process of veto

1) bill is presented to PH
2) approves by signing or veto
3) vetoed
-- returned to House it originated with objections
-- objections noted in journal
-- 2/3 vote
-- 2/3 vote other house
-- LAW
-- names for/against noted in journal

*communicate veto within 30 days

22

When is item veto allowed?

1) appropriations bill
2) revenue or tariff bill

23

With authorization of Congress by law, what are the things that President can fix within the specified limits?

1) tariff rates
2) import and export quotas
3) tonnage and wharfage dues
+ other duties or imposts

24

Institutions exempt from taxation

1) charitable institutions
2) churches and parsonages or convents
3) mosques
4) NON-PROFIT cemeteries
5) all lands, buildings and improvements ACTUALLY, DIRECTLY and EXCLUSIVELY USED for
--religious
--charitable
--educational purposes

25

Prohibition on payment of public funds

1) sect
2) church
3) denomination
4) sectarian institution
5) system of religion

1) priest
2) preacher
3) minister
4) other religious teacher
5) dignitary

26

Exceptions on payment of public funds

if priest, preacher, minister, dignitary is ASSIGNED to
1) armed forces
2) any penal institution
3) government orphanage
4) leprosarium

27

Requirements for initiative and referendum

1) congress shall provide for the system of initiative and referrendum
2) AT LEAST 10% of total registered voters
--every legislative district must be represented by AT LEAST 3% of their registered voters

28

Advantages of bicameralism

1) allows for body with national perspective to CHECK THE PAROCHIAL TENDENCY of representatives elected by district

2) more careful STUDY OF LEGISLATION

3) makes legislature LESS SUSCEPTIBLE to control by executive

4) TRAINING GROUND for national leaders

29

Advantages of unicameralism

1) SIMPLICITY of organization --> economy and efficiency

2) facility in PINPOINTING RESPONSIBILITY for legislation

3) AVOIDANCE of DUPLICATION

30

General rule on delegation of legislative power

Congress MAY NOT delegate legislative power. must remain where people have lodged such power