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what type of map projection is most helpful in the navigation of ships?

mercator map

1

what device is used to determine orientation on a map?

compass rose

2

what lands were not known to europeans during the time of Columbus?

the Americas and austrailia

3

how do lines of longitude differ from lines of latitude?

latitude = ↔️
longitude = ↕️

4

giving directions to another person to your house using roads and landmarks is an example of using what type of map?

political map/ mental map

5

what are the main problems associated with using maps?

they become distorted because earth isn't flat. distance and size become distorted

6

what is used to determine absolute location on a map?

latitude and longitude

7

what type of map projection is circular oriented in the poles and does not show a compass rose?

polar projections

8

what is another name for lines of latitude based in the way they never meet?

parallels

9

as a practical application geographers assist in determining the size and location of what types of public buildings?

hospitals schools and libraries

10

what continent is located north of Africa?

europe

11

what are the major tools used in cartography?

satellites GIS photographs

12

what are mental maps?

maps from memory

13

what is the main component of acid rain?

pollution, acid in the air

14

how has the automobile impacted the physical environment?

growth of suburbs and paving of roads

15

what type of vegitatian region had very little plant life because of lack of rain?

desert

16

what are the characterists is used to define a climate region?

precipitation seasons and temperature

17

what weather phenomena is most common to south Asia? what are its causes?

monsoon, lots of rain = flooding

18

what are naturally occurring physical and ecological processes?

earthquake volcano erosion

19

why was the Aswan high dam built?

water reserve, divert water = control a region

20

what was the disaster that occurred at Chernobyl in the 1980s?

chernobyl nuclear reactor disaster

21

what was the result of the construction of road and highways to and from city centers?

people moved into suburbs and out of cities

22

why do people living in desert regions have roofs made of light colored materials?

so they don't trap a lot of heat into the house and they reflect sunlight

23

why does the presence of large bodies of water cause places in the same latitudes to have different climates?

water heats and cools slower than land

24

what vegitarian region is located in areas with cool temperatures and a layer if permafrost below the ground?

tundra

25

way is the term for the process by which arable land is changed to desert through human activity or natural means?

desertification

26

what is the name for mountains formed when lava breaks through the earths crust?

volcanos

27

what weather phenomena is most common in the central U.S. states of texas Oklahoma Kansas and Nebraska?

Tornados

28

what are the major influences on regional climate patterns?

latitudes winds and elevation

29

the North American free trade agreement reveals what aspect of spatial divisions?

encourage trace and work together

30

which religious groups claim Jerusalem as thier religious heritage site?

Christians Jews and Muslims

31

describe the ethnicity patterns of the United States Switzerland and Japan

United States: mixing pot
Switzerland: diverse European
Japan: Asian

32

what was the purpose of dividing the U.S. into 50 states?

provide for local government, states rights

33

what cultural elements unite the countries in the league if Arab states?

speak Arabic, Muslim, same culture

34

what type of transportation system is the Washington DC metro?

mass transportation: bus, train, Subway

35

what is the cultural characteristics that unifies Hispanic America?

Spanish-language

36

which two religious groups have clashed in northern Ireland?

catholic and Protestant

37

what region of the world has experience long-standing conflict between Bosnians, Serbs, Albanians, and Croats ?

Southern Europe, Balkans mountains

38

which religion unifies the majority of the people in India?

hinduism

39

Canadian province is known for its French culture and desire for autonomy?

Quebec

40

The region of Kashmir in Northern has created problems between which two religious groups?

Hindus, Muslims

41

what is NAFTA?

North American Free Trade Agreement, Canada Mexico and US are members

42

what is OPEC?

Organization of petroleum exporting countries, price and production of oil

43

what are capital resources?

money

44

List three examples of primary economic activity

mining farming fishing ranching hunting

45

what is secondary economic activity?

processing raw materials or manufacturing and processing

46

List three examples of tertiary economic activity

transportation baking hotel retail store

47

List three things that are caused by the unequal distribution of resources

trade conflict less money richer get richer and poor stay poor

48

The invention of the computer chip created a Demand for_

Computer so skilled labor had to increase

49

The invention of the steam engine created a demand for_

coal

50

The invention of the internal combustion engine created a demand for_

Oil

51

List four standards of living

literacy rate, infant mortality, GDP, employment, life expectancy, infrastructure

52

what does the term landlocked mean and how does it affect a nation's economy?

no coast on the ocean and no trade routes

53

what is international product assembly?

made in one country and shipped to another to finish

54

what is one example of the widespread marketing of products in the world today?

McDonald's Starbucks Coca-Cola Apple

55

List three disadvantages of economic unions

farms are destroyed, less jobs

56

why do very few people live in northern Canada and Russia?

Cold tundra

57

List three things that impact population growth rates

role of women, family-planning, medical care, education

58

List three things that impact population distribution

climate jobs conflict/wars

59

List three push factors and three pull factors

push: diseases war and no land
poll: land jobs and weather/climate

60

List one reason for the division of the United States into 50 states

States rights

61

List three causes for conflict between political divisions

resources, cultural issues, power struggles, political exclusion

62

List three cities that are located at Harbor sites

New York Harbor, Kingston Harbor in Jamaica, Pearl Harbor in Hawaii

63

A city's situation is another name for its location relative to_

surroundings

64

what South African city was vital for supplying ships coming to and from the east?

Cape Town

65

The site of pilgrimage for Muslims is the holy city of_

Mecca

66

how did the function of Pittsburgh change over time?

it was the steel city then some changes were made no not as much steel was produced and it's also in the Rust Belt

67

why did Brazil move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia in the 1950s?

most populated city, in the middle of everyone and there's room to grow

68

what American city is the center of international trade and finance?

New York

69

in developing countries major cities tend to be_

larger, connections elsewhere

70

List three states found in the Atlantic coastal plain in the US

North Carolina, Georgia, South Carolina, Florida, Virginia

71

where is the Canadian Shield located and what is it?

in northern Canada and a huge Rocky tundra surrounding the Hudson Bay

72

is the United States developed or developing?

developed

73

The Mississippi River empties into what body of water?

gulf of Mexico

74

what is the continental divide?

Crest dividing the river systems, east and west, Rocky Mountains determine the direction that Rivers flow

75

what is the warmest vertical climate zone?

Tierra caliente

76

define Mestizo

mixed European and American Indian ancestry

77

what is the predominant language and religion of Latin America?

Spanish and Roman Catholic

78

where is the atacama desert located?

Desert in northern Chile, west coast of South America

79

define pampas

fertile grasslands in southern South America

80

where are most of the large population centers of South America located?

in the southern end of South America on the coast

81

what resource produces most of the economic wealth in Venezuela, Mexico, and Ecuador?

Oil or petroleum

82

where are many rural migrants in Latin America forced to live when they reach the city?

in slums around the city, favelas, shantytowns

83

Historical maps of South America dated 1800 and 1830, identify what events have occurred between those two dates

countries became independent

84

what mountain range runs down the Pacific coast of Latin America?

andes Mountains