Flashcards in finals review Deck (85)
what type of map projection is most helpful in the navigation of ships?
what device is used to determine orientation on a map?
what lands were not known to europeans during the time of Columbus?
the Americas and austrailia
how do lines of longitude differ from lines of latitude?
latitude = ↔️
longitude = ↕️
giving directions to another person to your house using roads and landmarks is an example of using what type of map?
political map/ mental map
what are the main problems associated with using maps?
they become distorted because earth isn't flat. distance and size become distorted
what is used to determine absolute location on a map?
latitude and longitude
what type of map projection is circular oriented in the poles and does not show a compass rose?
what is another name for lines of latitude based in the way they never meet?
as a practical application geographers assist in determining the size and location of what types of public buildings?
hospitals schools and libraries
what continent is located north of Africa?
what are the major tools used in cartography?
satellites GIS photographs
what are mental maps?
maps from memory
what is the main component of acid rain?
pollution, acid in the air
how has the automobile impacted the physical environment?
growth of suburbs and paving of roads
what type of vegitatian region had very little plant life because of lack of rain?
what are the characterists is used to define a climate region?
precipitation seasons and temperature
what weather phenomena is most common to south Asia? what are its causes?
monsoon, lots of rain = flooding
what are naturally occurring physical and ecological processes?
earthquake volcano erosion
why was the Aswan high dam built?
water reserve, divert water = control a region
what was the disaster that occurred at Chernobyl in the 1980s?
chernobyl nuclear reactor disaster
what was the result of the construction of road and highways to and from city centers?
people moved into suburbs and out of cities
why do people living in desert regions have roofs made of light colored materials?
so they don't trap a lot of heat into the house and they reflect sunlight
why does the presence of large bodies of water cause places in the same latitudes to have different climates?
water heats and cools slower than land
what vegitarian region is located in areas with cool temperatures and a layer if permafrost below the ground?
way is the term for the process by which arable land is changed to desert through human activity or natural means?
what is the name for mountains formed when lava breaks through the earths crust?
what weather phenomena is most common in the central U.S. states of texas Oklahoma Kansas and Nebraska?
what are the major influences on regional climate patterns?
latitudes winds and elevation
the North American free trade agreement reveals what aspect of spatial divisions?
encourage trace and work together
which religious groups claim Jerusalem as thier religious heritage site?
Christians Jews and Muslims
describe the ethnicity patterns of the United States Switzerland and Japan
United States: mixing pot
Switzerland: diverse European
what was the purpose of dividing the U.S. into 50 states?
provide for local government, states rights
what cultural elements unite the countries in the league if Arab states?
speak Arabic, Muslim, same culture
what type of transportation system is the Washington DC metro?
mass transportation: bus, train, Subway
what is the cultural characteristics that unifies Hispanic America?
which two religious groups have clashed in northern Ireland?
catholic and Protestant
what region of the world has experience long-standing conflict between Bosnians, Serbs, Albanians, and Croats ?
Southern Europe, Balkans mountains
which religion unifies the majority of the people in India?
Canadian province is known for its French culture and desire for autonomy?
The region of Kashmir in Northern has created problems between which two religious groups?
what is NAFTA?
North American Free Trade Agreement, Canada Mexico and US are members
what is OPEC?
Organization of petroleum exporting countries, price and production of oil
what are capital resources?
List three examples of primary economic activity
mining farming fishing ranching hunting
what is secondary economic activity?
processing raw materials or manufacturing and processing
List three examples of tertiary economic activity
transportation baking hotel retail store
List three things that are caused by the unequal distribution of resources
trade conflict less money richer get richer and poor stay poor
The invention of the computer chip created a Demand for_
Computer so skilled labor had to increase
The invention of the steam engine created a demand for_
The invention of the internal combustion engine created a demand for_
List four standards of living
literacy rate, infant mortality, GDP, employment, life expectancy, infrastructure
what does the term landlocked mean and how does it affect a nation's economy?
no coast on the ocean and no trade routes
what is international product assembly?
made in one country and shipped to another to finish
what is one example of the widespread marketing of products in the world today?
McDonald's Starbucks Coca-Cola Apple
List three disadvantages of economic unions
farms are destroyed, less jobs
why do very few people live in northern Canada and Russia?
List three things that impact population growth rates
role of women, family-planning, medical care, education
List three things that impact population distribution
climate jobs conflict/wars
List three push factors and three pull factors
push: diseases war and no land
poll: land jobs and weather/climate
List one reason for the division of the United States into 50 states
List three causes for conflict between political divisions
resources, cultural issues, power struggles, political exclusion
List three cities that are located at Harbor sites
New York Harbor, Kingston Harbor in Jamaica, Pearl Harbor in Hawaii
A city's situation is another name for its location relative to_
what South African city was vital for supplying ships coming to and from the east?
The site of pilgrimage for Muslims is the holy city of_
how did the function of Pittsburgh change over time?
it was the steel city then some changes were made no not as much steel was produced and it's also in the Rust Belt
why did Brazil move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia in the 1950s?
most populated city, in the middle of everyone and there's room to grow
what American city is the center of international trade and finance?
in developing countries major cities tend to be_
larger, connections elsewhere
List three states found in the Atlantic coastal plain in the US
North Carolina, Georgia, South Carolina, Florida, Virginia
where is the Canadian Shield located and what is it?
in northern Canada and a huge Rocky tundra surrounding the Hudson Bay
is the United States developed or developing?
The Mississippi River empties into what body of water?
gulf of Mexico
what is the continental divide?
Crest dividing the river systems, east and west, Rocky Mountains determine the direction that Rivers flow
what is the warmest vertical climate zone?
mixed European and American Indian ancestry
what is the predominant language and religion of Latin America?
Spanish and Roman Catholic
where is the atacama desert located?
Desert in northern Chile, west coast of South America
fertile grasslands in southern South America
where are most of the large population centers of South America located?
in the southern end of South America on the coast
what resource produces most of the economic wealth in Venezuela, Mexico, and Ecuador?
Oil or petroleum
where are many rural migrants in Latin America forced to live when they reach the city?
in slums around the city, favelas, shantytowns
Historical maps of South America dated 1800 and 1830, identify what events have occurred between those two dates
countries became independent