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Flashcards in Finals: WWII Deck (16)
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1

How did WWII relate to the Great Depression?

Military buildup for WWII brought an end to the Great Depression

2

How did the U.S. mobilize for war?

-began a draft (Selective Service)
-U.S. economy shifted toward war production
-U.S. started employing women in factories and in the armed forces

3

During the war,African Americans...

1. Contributed to the war effort either at home or as soldier abroad
2. Faced segregation in the armed forces

4

Axis Powers vs. Ally Powers

Axis: Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied: France, Britain, U.S.

5

Isolationism

policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs

6

Neutrality Act

The first two acts outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war. The third act was passed in response to the fighting in Spain. This act extended the ban on arms sales and loans to nations engaged in civil wars

7

How did the Treaty of Versailles help cause WWII?

1. The treaty was harsh on Germany
2. Germany lost land
3. Germany lost military
4. Democracy didn't work-caused starvation, unemployment, etc.

8

What caused WWII?

Treaty of Versailles
Extreme Nationalism
Japanese/German expansion
U.S. Neutrality-no participation in League of Nations (weak)
Munich Agreement violated-appeasement
Treaty "useless"
America/Japanese tension (embargo)

9

Cash & Carry

Allowed the U.S. to sell weapons to nations at war but only if these nations paid cash and transported themselves

10

Lend-Lease Act

Allowed U.S. to lend or lease weapons to any country "vital to defense"

11

Pear Harbor

December 7 1941: Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
December 8 1941: congress voted with only one member disagreeing that a state of war existed between the U.S. And Japan
December 11 1941: Germany and Italy declared war I the U.S.

12

Japanese Internment

Thousands of Japanese-Americans were forced into containment

13

Braceros

Mexican laborer so allowed to enter U.S. for a limited period of time to work for WWII

14

D-Day

Allies launched an invasion of European mainland. Many people died

15

Battle of the Bulge

Germany tried to break through Ally lines. Germans lost soldiers and supplies

16

Atomic bombs

Hiroshima & Nagasaki
U.S. dropped atomic bombs in order to end the war