Flashcards in Finals: WWII Deck (16)
How did WWII relate to the Great Depression?
Military buildup for WWII brought an end to the Great Depression
How did the U.S. mobilize for war?
-began a draft (Selective Service)
-U.S. economy shifted toward war production
-U.S. started employing women in factories and in the armed forces
During the war,African Americans...
1. Contributed to the war effort either at home or as soldier abroad
2. Faced segregation in the armed forces
Axis Powers vs. Ally Powers
Axis: Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied: France, Britain, U.S.
policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs
The first two acts outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war. The third act was passed in response to the fighting in Spain. This act extended the ban on arms sales and loans to nations engaged in civil wars
How did the Treaty of Versailles help cause WWII?
1. The treaty was harsh on Germany
2. Germany lost land
3. Germany lost military
4. Democracy didn't work-caused starvation, unemployment, etc.
What caused WWII?
Treaty of Versailles
U.S. Neutrality-no participation in League of Nations (weak)
Munich Agreement violated-appeasement
America/Japanese tension (embargo)
Cash & Carry
Allowed the U.S. to sell weapons to nations at war but only if these nations paid cash and transported themselves
Allowed U.S. to lend or lease weapons to any country "vital to defense"
December 7 1941: Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
December 8 1941: congress voted with only one member disagreeing that a state of war existed between the U.S. And Japan
December 11 1941: Germany and Italy declared war I the U.S.
Thousands of Japanese-Americans were forced into containment
Mexican laborer so allowed to enter U.S. for a limited period of time to work for WWII
Allies launched an invasion of European mainland. Many people died
Battle of the Bulge
Germany tried to break through Ally lines. Germans lost soldiers and supplies