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Flashcards in Fire Protection Deck (59):
1

There is no such thing as a ________ building.

Fireproof

2

The amount of combustible materials that occupy is interior spaces is:

fire-loading

3

These by-products accompany every fire:
1)
2)
3)
4)

1) Smoke
2) Gas
3) Heat
4) Expanded air

4

Fire in ordinary combustibles (waste paper, rags, and furniture)

Class A fire

5

Class A fire

Fire in ordinary combustibles (waste paper, rags, and furniture)

6

Fire fueled by gasoline, grease, oil or volatile fluids

Class B fire

7

Class B fire

Fire fueled by gasoline, grease, oil or volatile fluids

8

electrical fires

Class C fire

9

Class C fire

electrical fires

10

fires involving combustible metals (magnesium, sodium and potassium)

Class D fire

11

Class D fire

fires involving combustible metals (magnesium, sodium and potassium)

12

Class A fires are extinguished by:

water or water fog

13

Class B fires are extinguished by:

CO2 or water fog

14

Class C fires are extinguished by:

a non-conductive extinguishing agent

15

Class D fires are extinguished by

dry powder

16

Soda & Acid extinguisher

effective on Class A fires

17

Dry chemical extinguisher

gnerally used for Class B fires

18

Dry powder extinguisher

effective on Class D fires

19

CO2 extinguisher

generally used on Class C fires

20

Water fog extinguisher

very effective for Class A & B fires

21

Green Triangle

Class A extinguisher

22

Red Square

Class B extinguisher

23

Yellow Star

Class D extinguisher

24

Blue Circle

Class C extinguisher

25

Soda & Acid symbol

Green Triangle

26

Dry Chemical symbol

Red Square

27

Dry powder symbol

Yellow Star

28

CO2 symbol

Blue Circle

29

Fire alarm systems consist of 2 main parts:
1)
2)

1) signaling device
2) sensor

30

4 Normal fire stages:
1)
2)
3)
4)

1) Incipient Stage
2) Smoldering Stage
3) Flame Stage
4) Heat Stage

31

Incipient Stage

No smoke at this point

32

Smoldering Stage

Smoke begins to appear

33

Flame stage

At this point we see actual visible fire

34

Heat stage

At this point the heat is intense and building up

35

The principal fire sensors are:
1)
2)
3)
4)

1) Ionization detector
2) Photoelectric smoke detector
3) Infrared flame detector
4) Thermal detector

36

Ionization detector

useful in giving early warning

37

Photoelectric smoke detector

when source of light is interrupted, unit alarms

38

Infrared flame detector

reacts to emissions from flame

39

Thermal detectors

operators on a significant change in temperature

40

Manual fire alarm stations are of 2 types:
1)
2)

1) Local alarms which are for the purpose of alerting personnel in the building
2) Stations from which a signal is transmitted directly to a monitoring station

41

The 2 causes of most fires are:
1)
2)

1) carelessness
2) ignorance

42

Fire should first be _________ and then attempt should be made to ____________

reported
then attempt made to extinguish it

43

Alarm system should be _____________

clearly explained

44

Avoid ________

panic

45

Elevators are:

never to be used.

46

Never open a _____ door.

hot

47

If escape is cut off:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

1) Move as far from fire as possible
2) Move into a perimeter area with a solid door
3) Remove readily flammable material out of the area
4) Open top and bottoms of windows
5) Stay near floor
6) Endeavor to alert fire fighters to plight by hanging material from window

48

How quickly can industrial facilities be evacuated?

In just a few minutes

49

Most fires are ____________ in origin.

Electrical

50

More fire fatalities are caused by ______________ than by flames.

toxic gases

51

The major causes of death in a building fire are:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

1) Toxic gases
2) Smoke
3) High temperatures
4) CO2
5) Fear and resultant actions
6) The fire itself

52

A sprinkler system contains the following elements:
1)
2)
3)
4)

1) Water supply
2) Fire-activated sprinkler devices (heads)
3) Water control valves
4) Mechanism to activate the audible alarm system

53

Most sprinklers will operate at temperatures between _______°F and ________°F.

130°F and 165°F

54

Halogenated agents (_____, _____)

1211, 1302

55

Halogenated agents (1211, 1302) are:

non-corrosive chemical agents used for extinguishing fires in areas containing computers and electrical equipment.

56

A wet-pipe sprinkler system is made up of:

sprinkler devices attached to pipes which are filled with water

57

A dry-pipe sprinkler system contains ____ and when activated:

air under pressure
when sprinkler is activated, the air that is released opens valves, allowing a flow of water into the pipes

58

A fire door is for:

the purpose of impeding the spread of the fire

59

Automatic fire doors are held open until:

there is sufficient combustion to trigger the door closing devices