First Aid Review-Non Quizlet File Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in First Aid Review-Non Quizlet File Deck (20)
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1

How do you reduce disease transmission in first aid?

DOn't eat, cover your own wounds, use protective barriers, and don't eat/drink around the patient. Also wash your hands

2

How do you care for a burn?

Remove hot or burned clothing; cur around it if it is stuck on. COol it with water, cover it with a sterile bandage,

3

How do you care for an impaled object?

Treat it like a wound around the object, and DO NOT REMOVE IT

4

What is a soft splint?

Taping something to a pillow or blanket to prevent it from moving

5

What is a hard splint?

Using a more solid object to hold body parts in place, ie a cardboard box or fiberglass

6

What is an air/vacuum splint?

One that conforms to the damaged area

7

What is a traction splint?

One that supports a broken bone

8

Sings of heat stroke

Throbbing headache
Dizziness and light-headedness
Lack of sweating despite the heat
Red, hot, and dry skin
Muscle weakness or cramps
Nausea and vomiting
Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak
Rapid, shallow breathing
Behavioral changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering
Seizures
Unconsciousness

9

Signs of heat exhaustion

Confusion
Dark-colored urine (a sign of dehydration)
Dizziness
Fainting
Fatigue
Headache
Muscle cramps
Nausea
Pale skin
Profuse sweating
Rapid heartbeat

10

Caring for bites and stings

Try to get the stinger/venom out, then apply a cool compress, then ointment/a bandage

11

Caring for a chemical burn

Wash the area for 20 minutes then put sterile gauze/bandage on it

12

What if the first rescue breath given during CPR does not make the chest rise?

Try again, but only once

13

Adult compression/breath ratio

30 reps, 2 breaths

14

Child compressions/breath ratio

15 reps, 2 breaths

15

Infant compressions/breath ratio

15 reps, 2 breaths

16

How do you determine responsiveness?

Tap or gently shake victim. Shout — “Are you OK?”
If a head or neck injury is suspected, only move the victim if absolutely necessary.
Send someone to phone or phone for help yourself.

17

Care for responsive, choking child/infant

Himelach maneuver

18

Protecting the airway of am unresponsive but breathing child

Head-tilt chin

19

What should you do if the chest does not rise after 2 rescue breaths?

Do 5 CPR cycles, if it fails, then use a defibrillator.

20

At what rate should a rescuer do chest compressions?

100/min