Flashcards in First Half of Course Deck (85)
Light projected image onto paper. Used for drawing and painting.
"Inventor of Photography"
World's Oldest surviving image
Heliography by Niepce in 1826
Niepce 10 year collaboration
Invented by Louis Daguerre. No multiple prints. Long exposure
3 Advancements making portraits possible?
1. f/3.6 lens
2. "Quick Stuff" Light sensitivity of plate increased by recoating with bromine.
3. Gold Chlorine - Made the surface more durable
Who invented the Calotype?
Henry Fox Talbot
First Calotype Negative
Played around with camera Lucida on his honeymoon to Italy (Unsuccessful)
Henry Fox Talbot
Southworth and Hawes had a studio in?
Southworth and Hawes used?
Which photographers brought daguerreotype exposures down to 2 minutes rather then 3 hours?
Southworth and Hawes
What were head clamps used for?
To keep subject's still due to long exposures/
Where were daguerreotypes popular and why?
In NYC because it was sunnier than in London.
The Wet Plate process was invented by?
Frederick Scott Archer
What does the Wet plate process do?
processes a sheet of glass while still wait and can create a negative
A type of wet plate process. Could become positive by placing on black paper. Usually enclosed in leather cases.
A type of wet plate process. Could expose positive onto metal plate. Immediate process, could be sent by mail to others or kept in your pocket.
Who invented the Tin Type?
Hamilton L. Smith
Who was the FIRST war photographer?
What type of format did Roger Fenton use?
The Wet plate process. He had a dark room in his wagon.
Who photographed the controversial image " Shadow of the Valley of Death"?
Who photographed the Civil War?
Matthew Brady specialized in 17x20 inch enlargements called?
Who gave us the terms; hypo, positive, negative?
Sir John Herschell
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the calotype?
Able to mass produce unlamented number of positives, but quality not as good.