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Flashcards in First Half of Course Deck (85)
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1

Camera Obscura

"Dark Room"

2

Camera lucida

Light projected image onto paper. Used for drawing and painting.

3

Heliography

Sun Drawing

4

Niecephore Niepce

"Inventor of Photography"

5

World's Oldest surviving image

Heliography by Niepce in 1826

6

Niepce 10 year collaboration

Daguerre

7

1837

First Daguerreotype

8

Daguerreotype

Invented by Louis Daguerre. No multiple prints. Long exposure

9

3 Advancements making portraits possible?

1. f/3.6 lens
2. "Quick Stuff" Light sensitivity of plate increased by recoating with bromine.
3. Gold Chlorine - Made the surface more durable

10

Who invented the Calotype?

Henry Fox Talbot

11

1853

First Calotype Negative

12

Played around with camera Lucida on his honeymoon to Italy (Unsuccessful)

Henry Fox Talbot

13

Southworth and Hawes had a studio in?

Boston

14

Southworth and Hawes used?

Dagguereotype

15

Which photographers brought daguerreotype exposures down to 2 minutes rather then 3 hours?

Southworth and Hawes

16

What were head clamps used for?

To keep subject's still due to long exposures/

17

Where were daguerreotypes popular and why?

In NYC because it was sunnier than in London.

18

The Wet Plate process was invented by?

Frederick Scott Archer

19

What does the Wet plate process do?

processes a sheet of glass while still wait and can create a negative

20

Ambrotype

A type of wet plate process. Could become positive by placing on black paper. Usually enclosed in leather cases.

21

Tin Type

A type of wet plate process. Could expose positive onto metal plate. Immediate process, could be sent by mail to others or kept in your pocket.

22

Who invented the Tin Type?

Hamilton L. Smith

23

Who was the FIRST war photographer?

Roger Fenton

24

What type of format did Roger Fenton use?

The Wet plate process. He had a dark room in his wagon.

25

Who photographed the controversial image " Shadow of the Valley of Death"?

Roger Fenton

26

Who photographed the Civil War?

Matthew Brady

27

Matthew Brady specialized in 17x20 inch enlargements called?

Imperials

28

Who gave us the terms; hypo, positive, negative?

Sir John Herschell

29

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the calotype?

Able to mass produce unlamented number of positives, but quality not as good.

30

1840

Calotype