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Flashcards in First Test Deck (41):
1

Genocide

Killing a large group of people, in whole or in part, with the intent to destroy.

2

Two components to the word Genocide

Geno, referring to tribe/ nation
Cide, referring to killing
Groups of people being killed

3

Raphael Lemkin

A Polish Jew, who created the term “Genocide”, that was not used until the mid 1900’s.

4

The four protected groups

National, racial, ethnic, and religious

5

Two other acts, that are NOT killing

Causing serious bodily or mental harm
Forcing people to be transported

6

“as such” ?

The whole list, “such as” would be some of the many, “as such” is all of them

7

Year of the U.N. convention

1948

8

National Sovereignty

The ability for states to do things for themselves, such as laws, taxes, war, etc.

9

Intent vs, Motive

Intent is purposefully doing something

Motive is a secret reason for doing something

10

Namas (Hottentots)

Smaller group, similar to Herero, language with clicking

11

The dessert into which the Herero were driven

The Kalahari Dessert

12

Lothar van Trotha

Saw negotiation as weak, wanted to destroy the Herero

13

Primary basis of economy for Herero and Nama

Cattle

14

Shark Island

Bot really an island, more just rock ground that the Herero and Nama were forced on as a concentration camp

15

Beginning and end of the Second Reich

1871-1918

16

Berlin Conference of 1884-1885

The Germans were given South-West Africa, now Namibia, as a colony. It was to have Germans increase living space

17

Theodor Leutwein

Believed in negotiating treaties with the tribes regarding ownership of the land, this went again the German belief of them being the superior race

18

Lebensraum

The territory that a nation believes is needed for natural development

19

Two reasons the Herero rebelled

Leutwein was not there at the moment, the girls were being rapped, some even to death, and the heavy loss of their land

20

The humiliation that Germans suffered, causing the genocide

When Trotha was gone, the Herero rebelled and launched their first attack, writhing a few days everything the Germans built was attacked; over 100 Germans were killed

21

Leutwein‘s way of dealing with the Herero

He tried to bargain with them to get their land, but they needed the land for their cattle based economy

22

Battle of Waterberg

Aug. 11-12, 1904

23

Fried rich von Lindequist

Governor of German South-West Africa

24

Hamidian Massacres

The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire was obsessed with the Armenians, and killed about 250,000 Armenians

25

Significance of the Hamidian Massacres to the Armenian Genocide

The hate toward the Christian Armenians from the Turks was always there, for years

26

Significance of the Battle of Gallipoli

Churchill planned to attack Constantinople, but could not get through with his ships due to the Turks having the high ground

27

Balkan Wars

The Ottoman Empire lost much of it’s land, and blamed the Armenians for it

28

Two Axis countries during WWI

Turkey and Germany allied, to go against Russia

29

Pan-Turkism

Turkey needed cultural unification

30

Mustafa Kemal

President of Turkey during the Armenian Genocide

31

Pan-Turanism

Turkey needed geographical unification

32

Three reforms promised by the Young Turks

1. Everyone will be equal
2.Free exercise of religion
3. Everyone gains a free education

33

Battle of Sarikamish

Turkey and Russia had a battle, and Russia won, resulting in the Turks blaming Armenians for the loss

34

Two allies during WWI

USA, and Russia

35

Committee of Union and Progress (CUP)

The group the Young Turks belonged to

36

Two other Christian groups that weren’t Armenians

Assyrians and Greeks

37

Der Zor

Armenians were forced to death marches from where they lived to Der Zor, which was far south

38

Henry Morgenthau

USA ambassador who spoke against the Armenian Genocide

39

The three leaders of the Armenian Genocide

Talaat, Enver, and Djemal

40

How WWI made it easier to kill the Armenians

It was easier for them to cover it up, by stating it was losses due to the war

41

April 24, 1915

The Armenian Genocide officially began