FK-01/09 Foundational Knowledge: Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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1

Experimental analysis of behavior (EAB) is....

Research on basic processes & principals.

*done in laboratories.

2

Conceptually systematic is....

All procedures used should be tied to the basic principles of behavior analysis from which they were derived.

3

Philosophical Doubt is...

Health skepticism
critical eye about the results of studies & your work with clients.

4

Conceptual Analysis of Behavior

AKA: behaviorism

Examines philosophical, theoretical, historical & methodological issues.

5

An example of description....

# of correct math problems

6

What is applied?

Improves socially significant behaviors.
ABA improves ever day life of clients.

7

Explanatory fictions

Fictitious variables that are another name for the observed behavior.

Ex: knows, wants and figures out.

8

What is Control?

AKA: Causation

Functional Relation.
*The highest level of scientific understanding. *

Experimental demonstration that manipulating one event (i.e. IV) results in another event (i.e. DV).

9

What are the 6 attitudes of Sciences?

Hint: DEERPP

Determinism
Empiricism
Experimentation
Replication
Parsimony
Philosophical Doubt

10

What’s the purpose of science?

To achieve a thorough understanding of the phenomena under study.

11

Parsimony is....

Simplest theory.
Help scientist fit findings within their field's existing knowledge base.
All simple & logical explanations must be ruled out before considering more complex explanations.

12

What are the 4 branches of Behavior Analysis?

Hint: case

Conceptual Analysis of Behavior

ABA

Behavior Service Delivery

Experimental Analysis of Behavior (EAB)

13

The 7 dimensions were outlined in the first edition of JABA; what year ___ and by who ___?

1968; Baer Wolf and Risley

14

What is
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)?

Scientific approach

Socially significant behavior

Technology of behavior change that is practical and applicable.

15

Determinism is.....

Lawfulness: If/Then statements
Cause & Effect
The world is orderly & predictable.

16

Circular reasoning

Cause & effect are both inferred from the same information.

Ex: he cried because he FELT sad.

17

What is prediction?

AKA: correlation; covariation

Two events may occur at the same time.

(Does NOT mean one causes the other).

18

Behavior service delivery refers to...

Refers to many people working in the field that are not BCBAs that implement ABA within their profession.

19

What is description?

Systematic observation that can be quantified and classified.

(NOT casual explanation)

20

What is Behavioral? (BATCAGE)

observable events
behavior one chooses must be the behavior in need of improvement (i.e. change).

21

Hypothetical constructs

AKA: imaginary constructs

Unobserved

Ex: Free will, readiness, information processing.

22

What are the 3 levels of scientific understanding?

Hint: DPC

1. Description
2. Prediction
3. Control

23

What are the 7 dimensions of ABA?

Hint: BATCAGE

Behavioral
Applied
Technological
Conceptually Systematic
Analytical
Generality
Effective

24

Experimentation is...
AKA: Experimental analysis

The basic strategy of most sciences.
Requires manipulating variables so as to see the effects on the DV (dependent variable).
An assessment to determine if one event caused another event.
Requries all variables to be controlled except the DV.

25

Generality is....

AKA: generalization

Extends behavior change across time, setting or other behaviors.

26

Mentalism
AKA: feelings, spiritual, psychic, attitudes

An approach to explaining behavior that assumes an inner dimension exists & causes behavior.

Ex: Freud, talk therapy, LMFT

27

Analytic is ....

AKA: functional relation; experimentation, control and causation

A functional relationship is demonstrated.

Believability

28

3 Mentalism Terms

1. Hypothetical constructs
2. Explanatory fictions
3. Circular reasoning

29

In ABA, the behaviors that should be targeted are _________.

Socially important behaviors

30

ABA is an evidence-based __________ science.

APPLIED