FL #9 Bio Flashcards Preview

MCAT > FL #9 Bio > Flashcards

Flashcards in FL #9 Bio Deck (23):
1

primary site for gluconeogenesis

liver

2

primary glycogen storage organ

liver

3

triglycerides are composed of

fatty acids

4

fatty acids are broken down by
& through what process

the mitochondria & peroxisomes
beta-oxidation

5

fatty acids are synthesized in
then go to

the cytoplasm
then go to smooth ER

6

2 methods of passing genetic material according to Mendel

mitosis & meiosis

7

cytoskeletal elements in mitosis & meiosis

spindle apparatus

8

recombinant frequency of non-independent genes =

always <50%

9

to quantify a recombinant frequency, researchers must perform a

test-cross with a homozygous recessive individual

10

western blot detects

specific AA sequences

11

primary germ layers

ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm

12

endoderm forms

major organs and digestive tract

13

mesoderm forms

muscle, bone, most systems

14

ectoderm forms

skin, hair, eyes, nervous systems

15

gastrulation =

formation of the germ layers

16

(maternal vs paternal) mitochondrial DNA contribution =

maternal ONLY

17

(maternal vs paternal) chromosomal DNA contribution =

maternal & paternal EQUALLY

18

(maternal vs paternal) overall DNA contribution =

maternal & paternal UNEQUALLY

19

2 characteristics of mature red blood cells specialized for Hb transport

lack of nucleus
lack of mitochondria

20

hematopoietic stem cells display...
& use

...an indefinite replicative capacity as a result of their continuing ability to produce
& use telomerase

21

telomerase =

enzyme that adds nucleotides to telomeres (allows for continued replication)

22

hematopoietic stem cells reside in

bone marrow

23

spleen carries out

red blood cell production/breakdown